River Wye at Tintern
|location||Wales , England ( UK )|
|River system||River Severn|
|Drain over||River Severn → Atlantic Ocean|
|source||on the eastern edge of Plynlimon
|muzzle||at Chepstow in the Severn Estuary
|Height difference||680 m|
|Bottom slope||3.2 ‰|
|Catchment area||4136 km²|
|Left tributaries||River Lugg , Bachawy , Afon Edw|
|Right tributaries||River Trothy , River Monnow , Dulas Brook|
River Wye in the Lancat and Ban y Gore Nature Reserves
With a total length of 215 km, it is the sixth longest, making it one of the main rivers in the United Kingdom . It rises in the plateau of central Wales and flows southeast to the Bristol Channel . There it pours into the deep estuary of the River Severn .
The River Wye rises on the eastern slope of Plynlimon , the highest point in the Cambrian Mountains in Wales. The Ice Age valley of the upper reaches is cut deep into the Welsh raised bog. There are only a few narrow strips of arable land in the extensive moorland areas . At Rhayader the River Wye joins the Elan , the upper reaches of which was dammed to serve as a water reservoir for Birmingham . After the River Wye has passed Builth Wells , it swings northeast around the Black Mountains at Aberllynfi and reaches England at Hay-on-Wye . The Lugg flows in from the north near Hereford and the river winds its way to Ross-on-Wye . Behind Ross , the River Wye has dug deep ravines into the limestone of the Dean Plateau ; this forest area impresses with picturesque views, especially from the Symonds Yat .
Eventually the river passes the ruins of Tintern Abbey and enters at Chepstow , where u. a. the Alte Wyebrücke crosses into its estuary, which is characterized by the tidal influence . The last 16 miles from Monmouth form the historic border between England and Wales.
Mentions in literary works
In Shakespeare's drama Henry V , the river is mentioned in act 4, scene 6: “ All the water in Wye cannot wash your Majesty's Welsh plood out of your pody, I can tell you that. ”