Dame Rosalyn Higgins , GBE (born June 2, 1937 in London ) is a British legal scholar. From 1995 to 2009 she was a judge at the International Court of Justice in The Hague and from 2006 to 2009 its president.
After studying law at Cambridge and Yale , the specialist in international law worked at various institutes in England, and finally taught at the Universities of Kent and London. After having been a member of several international legal bodies for many years, she was finally elected as the first woman to be a regular judge at the International Court of Justice in 1995 and was confirmed in this office in 2000. From February 6, 2006 to February 5, 2009 she was the President of the International Court of Justice.
On September 3, 2007, she was awarded the Balzan Prize for Post- 1945 International Law. The International Balzan Foundation honors her “for her fundamental contributions to the development of international law since the Second World War, both as a scientist and as a judge and court president; for their clear and precise, reasonable and constructive, at the same time innovative and value-oriented, books, document collections, articles and court judgments committed to the rule of law and human rights; for their leading role in strengthening and developing modern international law ”. She was made an honorary member of the American Society for International Law in 1992 and in 1998 was honored with the Manley O. Hudson Medal , the organization's highest honor. In 2001, Higgins became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In 2007 she received the Balzan Prize and in 2009 the Hague Prize for International Law .
- Biography with picture on the ICJ website (English, French)
- Book of Members. (PDF) Accessed July 26, 2016 (English).
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British law scholar|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 2, 1937|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||London|