Salla (Finland)

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Sallan kunta
coat of arms map
Salla coat of arms Location of Salla in Finland
Basic data
State : FinlandFinland Finland
Landscape : Lapland
Administrative community : Eastern Lapland
Geographical location 66 ° 50 ′  N , 28 ° 40 ′  E Coordinates: 66 ° 50 ′  N , 28 ° 40 ′  E
Surface: 5,872.49 km²
of which land area: 5,730.03 km²
of which inland waterways: 142.46 km²
Residents : 3,491 (Dec 31, 2018)
Population density : 0.6 inhabitants / km²
Municipality number : 732
Language (s) : Finnish
Website :

Salla [ ˈsɑlːɑ ] (until 1936 Kuolajärvi ) is a municipality in the Finnish part of Lapland . It is located around 150 km east of the city of Rovaniemi on the border with Russia.

Community structure

In addition to the main town Salla (also Märkäjärvi ), the community includes the settlements Aatsinki, Ahola, Ahvenselkä, Hautajärvi , Hietajärvi, Hirvasvaara, Kallunki, Kelloselkä , Kotala, Koutelo, Kursu, Käsmä, Naruska, Niemelä, Onkamo, Samä, Samä, Saiva, Paliya., , Selkälä, Tuohikylä, Tuutijärvi, Vallovaara, Varvikko and Vittikko.


The Laurila – Kandalakscha railway with a connection to the Murmansk Railway runs through the municipality ; the border crossing is at the Kelloselkä settlement. However, the section from Kemijärvi , where the passenger trains end, has been closed.

As is generally the case in structurally weak Lapland, unemployment is a big problem in Salla: In January 2007 the municipality had the highest unemployment rate of all Finnish municipalities at 25.8%.


During the winter war , Salla was overrun on November 30, 1939 by Soviet troops who were supposed to advance from there via Rovaniemi to Tornio on the Baltic Sea. In the Battle of Salla , which lasted until February 28, the Finnish defenders succeeded in stopping the attackers with heavy losses. Nevertheless, after the Peace of Moscow and again after the Continuation War in 1944, Finland had to cede the eastern half of the municipality of Salla with the villages of Kuolajärvi, Tuutijärvi, Vuorijärvi, Korji, Sovajärvi, Sallansuu, Lampela and Kurtin to the Soviet Union . This area is now part of the Russian Murmansk Oblast . Based on old Finland , it is now referred to in Finland as "Old Salla" ( Vanha Salla ).

coat of arms

Description: In blue, a silver bar bent to the head of the shield .


As in general in the rural areas of Northern Finland, the Center Party is the strongest political force in Salla . In the 2008 local elections it received just under half of the votes, but has an absolute majority in the local council, the highest decision-making body on local matters, with 14 out of 27 seats. The second strongest force is the Left Alliance , which, as in general, is disproportionately strong in Lapland. It received 27.5% of the votes and has seven seats on the local council. The Social Democrats and the National Assembly Party , although belonging to the three major parties nationwide, play a subordinate role in Salla with election results of around twelve percent and three members each on the local council.

Composition of the municipal council (2009–2012)
Political party 2008 election results Seats
Center Party 50.2% 14th
Left alliance 27.5% 7th
National rally party 13.1% 3
Social democrats 10.8% 3


Web links

Commons : Salla  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Maanmittauslaitos (Finnish land surveying office): Suomen pinta-alat kunnittain January 1, 2010 . (PDF; 199 kB)
  2. Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018
  3. Kuntalehti: Työvoiman riittävyys mielenkiinnon kohteeksi , March 7, 2007 ( memento of the original from September 30, 2014 in the web archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Finnish) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Finnish Ministry of Justice: Result of the 2008 local elections