Société Marocaine de Construction Automobile

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Société Marocaine de Construction Automobile SA
الجمعية المغربية لبناء سيارات

legal form Société Anonyme
founding 1959
Seat Aïn Sebaâ , Casablanca , Kingdom of Morocco
Branch Automobile production

Société Marocaine de Construction Automobile SA ( SOMACA , Arabic الجمعية المغربية لبناء سيارات, DMG al-Ǧamʿiyya al-maġribiyya li-bināʾ sayyārāt ) is a Moroccan automobile manufacturer .


SOMACA was founded on June 26, 1959. The Moroccan Bureau d'études et de participations industrielles (40%), Simca (20%), Fiat (20%) and domestic private investors were involved. State participation is also estimated at 38% or 46%.

Production started in 1962. Initially, Fiat and Simca vehicles were assembled. The models Fiat 600 , 1500 , 2300 as well as Simca 1000 , Ariane and Aronde were manufactured .

In 1966, SOMACA signed an additional agreement with Renault and started production of Renault 4 and Renault 16 . The Renault 8 was also manufactured.

In February 1969, assembly of the Austin Mini began on behalf of the BLMC . In the same year an agreement was reached with Opel. In addition to the Fiat models 124 , 125 , 128 and 131 , the Renault 30 (from 1975) and the Renault 25 (from 1985) were also produced.

Fiat concluded an agreement with the Moroccan government in 1995 and had SOMACA build the Uno models and, from 1997, the Siena and Palio . This engagement ended in 2003.

From 2003 Renault increased its stake in SOMACA to 79%. Until then, Renault had held an 8% stake. The remaining 20% ​​belong to the PSA group . This participation is due to the takeover of Chrysler Europe .

After the relevant contracts had expired, the PSA Group ended the assembly of the Berlingo and Partner models at the end of 2010 and thus its activities within SOMACA.

Renault currently produces the Dacia Logan and the Sandero at SOMACA . A further capacity increase was agreed at the end of 2018.

Production numbers

In the first year, 2247 units were produced.

By 1997 SOMACA achieved the following production figures:

model number
Renault 4 95,250
Renault 12 38,850
Fiat 124/125/128 32,064
Simca 1100 29,268
Fiat 127 23,664
Renault 16 21,520
Simca 1000/1300/1301 21,038
Fiat Uno 20.096
Fiat Croma 168
Dodge 161

The total number of Fiat vehicles assembled up to 2003 (the end of Fiat's involvement) amounts to more than 200,000 units.


In various media, the manufacturer is also referred to as Societe Marocaine de Construction s Automobile s . However, the majority owner Renault uses the singular form.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Histoire de Renault ( Memento from June 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) on
  2. a b La SOMACA et l'usine Berliet-Maroc lancent l'industrie automobile , in Le Monde diplomatique , June 1962, p. 15.
  3. a b Jorge Carrillo Viveros, Yanick Lung, Rob Van Tulder, Cars, Carriers of regionalism? Madrid 2004, p. 278.
  4. a b c d e El Mehdi Berrada: Que se passe-t-il à Somaca? , in: Tel Quel of July 10, 2014.
  5. a b Renault 4: le best seller marocain de la Somaca! , in: Boîtier Rouge of November 17, 2014.
  6. Ministère de l'information, Maroc synthèse , 1969, p. 25.
  7. ^ Quarterly Economic Review: Algeria, Morocco , 1968, p. 25.
  8. a b Mohamed Azmani: Somaca: Production record en 2010 , in: L'économiste of March 18, 2011.
  9. Jalil Bennani: Somaca: Renault rachète la part des petits actionnaires , in: Aujourd'hui le Maroc of February 6, 2006.
  10. Oliver Heneric, Georg Licht, Wolfgang Sofka (eds.), Europe's Automotive Industry on the Move: Competitiveness in a Changing World , Luxemburg 2006, p. 38.
  11. Usine Renault de Casablanca ( Memento of the original from June 8, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  12. Mariem Tabih: Le Matin - Nouvel accord Renault Somaca: 160,000 véhicules à produire dès 2022. In: December 24, 2018, accessed January 23, 2019 (French).
  13. Ghassan Khaber: Somaca: Bye bye Taylor , in: L'économiste 331 of 21 May 1998th
  14. The Fiat Uno was produced until 2003.
  15. ^ For example, in Consolidated financial statements 2014 of the Renault Group.