The Mission Society of the Holy Spirit under the protection of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (short form: Spiritaner , Latin: Congregatio Sancti Spiritus , abbreviation : CSSp ) is a Roman Catholic religious community .
The order of men has existed since May 27, 1703. The seminary of the Holy Spirit was founded in 1703 by Claude Poullart des Places and was devoted to pastoral care among the planters and slaves of the French colonies . In addition, they should especially work in the motherland to educate young people and take care of the poor. The converted Jew François Libermann from Saverne in Alsace founded the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in 1841 . Both associations have been active worldwide as a missionary society of the Holy Spirit by order of Rome since 1848 .
Known order members
Known Spiritan are or were Fr. Maria Joseph Weber (1887-1949), the initiator of the carolers -action Paul Koppelberg (1912-1981), Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre (1905-1991), the Irish Bishop John O'Riordan (1924-2016 ) and the cardinals Maurice Piat (* 1941) and Dieudonné Nzapalainga (* 1967) as well as the Nigerian Bishop Godfrey Mary Paul Okoye (1913–1977).
In 2012 the congregation had 2,993 members (29 bishops , 2,192 priests , 209 lay brothers and 563 professed temporal vows ). Of the order members, 1,666 come from Europe , 1,058 from Africa or the Indian Ocean region, 160 from North America , 113 from Latin America , 7 from Asia and 3 from Oceania . The Congregation also has 75 lay associates from different countries. Of the 565 trainees, over 500 come from countries in the southern hemisphere.
The Spiritans are currently active in 61 countries on all five continents. In the future, different priorities are to be implemented: first evangelization and development in countries where civil wars are raging; pastoral and humanitarian support for refugees, foreign workers and marginalized youth; Dialogue with Islam and the other religions; training appropriate to today's mission needs; pastoral activity and promotion of lay associates.
The seat of the General Council is at Clivo di Cinna 195 in Rome . The German headquarters are located in Knechtsteden Abbey west of Dormagen . There are Spiritaner communities in Würselen- Broich, Rostock , Speyer and Stuttgart as well as in Podvinje / Croatia .
- Claude-François Poullart des Places (1703 - October 2, 1709)
- Jacques Garnier (1709-1710)
- Louis Bouic (1710–1763)
- Julien-François Becquet (1763–1788)
- Jean-Marie Duflos (October 28, 1788 - February 28, 1805)
- Jacques Bertout (1805-1832)
- Amable Fourdinier (December 25, 1832-1845)
- Nicolas Warnet (1845-1845)
- Alexandre Leguay (1845 - February 29, 1848)
- Alexandre-Hippolyte-Xavier Monnet (1848–1848)
- François-Marie-Paul Libermann (November 3, 1848 - February 2, 1852)
- Ignace Schwindenhammer (February 2, 1853-1881)
- Frédéric Le Vavasseur (August 27, 1881 - 1882)
- Ambroise Emonet (August 26, 1882 - October 17, 1895)
- Alexandre-Louis-Victor-Aimé Le Roy (1896–1926)
- Louis Le Hunsec (1926–1950)
- Francis Griffin (1950–1962)
- Marcel-François Lefebvre (1962–1968)
- Joseph Lécuyer (September 9, 1968 - 1972)
- Frans Timmermans (1972-1986)
- Pierre Haas (1986-1992)
- Pierre Schouver (September 8, 1992 - 2004)
- Jean-Paul Hoch (2004–2012)
- John Fogarty , since 2012
- Michael Böhles: Devotion to God - Claude François Poullart des Places. Adlerstein Verlag BoD, Wiesmoor 2014, ISBN 978-3-735-72019-1 .
- Michael Böhles: Defeat as Victory - Charisma and Mission of the Jew and Christian Jakob Franz Maria Paul Libermann. Adlerstein Verlag BoD, Wiesmoor 2014, ISBN 978-3-735-27139-6 .
- Horst founder : Christian mission and German imperialism 1884–1914. Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 1982, ISBN 3-506-77464-6 .
- Johannes Henschel: It all began in Bagamoyo . 100 years of the Church in East Africa. missio aktuell Verlag, Aachen 1983, ISBN 3-921626-33-1 .
- Bernhard Mirtschink: On the role of Christian missions in colonial societies. Catholic missionary education in "German East Africa" ; here: Section 3: Educational work of the Spiritans in East Africa between missionary aim and colonial political purposes , pp. 44–82; Haag + Herchen Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1980, ISBN 3-88129-344-2 .