St Helens (Merseyside)
|OS National Grid||SJ505955|
( 2001 Census )
|Post town||ST. HELENS|
|ZIP code section||WA11, WA10, WA9, L35, WN4, WN5|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||North West England|
|Metropolitan Borough||St Helens|
St Helens North
St Helens South and Whiston
St Helens is a town of 106,100 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2004) in North West England , United Kingdom . It lies between Manchester and Liverpool in Metropolitan County Merseyside and is the eponymous core of the larger Metropolitan Borough of St Helens , which includes other surrounding cities.
The city was mentioned for the first time in 1552 and got its name from the chapel located there. It was a center of coal mining in the 16th century and the center of glass production in Great Britain since the 18th century.
Since the Sankey Navigation Canal was opened between St Helens and the River Mersey in 1762 , the city has developed into an industrial center for the region with a rapidly growing population.
The Sankey Viaduct, built in 1830 on the railway line from Liverpool to Manchester, opened on September 15, 1830, is well worth seeing. Here George Stephenson (1781-1848) tested his locomotive The Rocket .
A safari park popular with locals and tourists as well as the Haydock Park Racecourse are located near the city.
Saint Helens is an industrial city (mainly glass and chemical industry). One of the world's largest glass manufacturers and main employers in the region, Pilkington Glass, has its headquarters there.
A well-known product from St. Helens was Beecham's Pills , a laxative made from ginger and soap , which had been produced in the factory of the same name from 1842 to 1998 - that is, for over 150 years.
sons and daughters of the town
- Thomas Beecham (1879–1961), orchestra conductor
- Herbert Mundin (1897–1939), actor
- Geoff Duke (1923-2015), motorcycle racer
- Bill Foulkes (1932–2013), football player and coach
- John Connelly (1938–2012), football player
- Peter Clarke (born 1957), drummer
- David Yates (* 1963), director and screenwriter
- Nick McCabe (* 1971), electronic musician, guitarist and music producer
- Una McCormack (born 1972), writer
- Lee Briers (born 1978), rugby league player
- Dave Chisnall (born 1980), darts player
- Emma Rigby (born 1989), actress
- Michael Smith (* 1990), darts player
- The Pharmaceutical Journal (Ed.): Best for Me, Best For You' — A History of Beecham's Pills 1842-1998 . No. 269 , p. 921-924 .