Stackelberg (noble family)
Stackelberg , (old Stakilberg , Russian Стакельберг Stakelberg ), is the name of an old, originally German noble family . The Lords of Stackelberg came to Livonia with the colonization of the Baltic Sea area and belong to the Baltic nobility . You were in Russian or Swedish service, various branches of the family still exist today.
The meaning of the family name is unclear. The name can be derived from sticks (trees) on a mountain or from a "steel" (steep) mountain. The family coat of arms makes both interpretations appear possible.
The family was first mentioned in 1244 in Cologne with Waldewerus de Stackelberg , and in 1306 in Riga with Henricus de Stackelberg , vassal of the Bishop of Dorpat . The trunk series does not begin until Arent Stackelberg († before 1504).
The sons of Dorpater Stiftsvogts Peter von Stackelberg († 1545) founded the four lines of Kawer-Kreuzhof , Camby-Isenhof , Memskul-Piddul and Oldenhorn-Hallinap , which settled in Livonia, Estonia , Sweden , Finland and Russia . The third and fourth lines split into further branch lines. Its members were able to expand their goods and possessions considerably. Before the First World War they owned 28 parent houses with 1677 square kilometers of land. Afterwards they were expropriated without compensation, with the exception of a few residual goods.
Individual members and branches of the family were elevated to the status of Swedish barons in 1714 and to the status of Swedish counts in 1727 . In 1763 all generals in the Kingdom of Sweden were allowed to use the title of count . The elevation to the count status in the Holy Roman Empire took place in 1775 and 1786. Russian recognition for the use of the baron title was granted on December 7, 1854.
coat of arms
The family coat of arms shows two growing natural linden trunks, each with a leaf hanging on the outside , in gold on a green three-mountain . On the helmet with green and gold blankets a growing golden lion with a red tongue between the linden trunks.
Family members and genealogy
House Stackelberg, Stakilberg in the Holy Roman Empire, imperial count from 1775 and 1786; Main line from Arend
- Heinrich von Stackelberg, Henricus de Stakilberg (around 1305), shop steward and vassal of the Bishop of Dorpat
- Arend Stackelberg (Stakilberg) (1444–1502) ⚭ Margareta Turesdotter Engedes
- Peter von Stackelberg (Stakilberg) (~ 1480–1545), bailiff of Dorpat and member of the Imperial Court of Justice
- ⚭ (I)? Anna von Buxhoewden , ⚭ (II)? Magdalena von Asserien, six children
- Sons found the main lines of Kagrimois, Camby, Memskull, Oldenthorn
Russian Stakelberg in Estonia, nobility register June 12, 1746, barons from December 7, 1854
- Carl Wilhelm von Stackelberg (around 1670) ⚭ Anna Elisabeth
- Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (* 1704, † 1765), major general, Estonian district administrator and country marshal (knight captain)
- ⚭ Magdalena von Bellingshausen
- Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (* 7 February 1736, † 1800), imperial count, tsarist diplomat
- ⚭ 1758 Sophia Gerdruta von Völckersahm (widowed by Tiesenhausen)
- Gustav Ernst Graf Stackelberg , also Gustav Ottonowitsch Stakelberg (June 5, 1766, † 1850), real privy councilor, diplomat, ambassador in Sicily, the Helvetic Republic, Holland, Prussia, Austria and at the Congress of Vienna
- ⚭ 1805 Karoline Countess von Ludolf
- Ernest Gustavowitsch Stakelberg , German Ernst Johann von Stackelberg (1813–1870), Russian military and diplomat, ambassador to Sardinia, Spain, Italy, Austria / Austria-Hungary, France
Adam Friedrich von Stackelberg (* 1703, † 1768), Estonian district administrator, knighthood captain and graduate of the Albertina von Königsberg (tribe Memskull)
- Otto Christian Engelbrecht von Stackelberg (* September 12, 1735, † February 17, 1792), Russian chamberlain and colonel, commander of the Holstein Guards Dragoons
- other relatives
- Alexander von Stackelberg (1833–1898), Russian privy councilor and senator
- Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (1867–1947), author and genealogist
- Traugott von Stackelberg (1891–1970), physician, painter, writer
- Heinrich Freiherr von Stackelberg (1905–1946), German economist
- Hans Freiherr von Stackelberg (* 1924), captain of the sea a. D. , commander of the sail training ship of the German Navy "Gorch Fock"
- Hubertus von Stackelberg (* 1953), German university professor, trumpeter and basketball player
- Camilla von Stackelberg (1895–1978), writer
- Karl-Georg von Stackelberg (1913–1980), market researcher and writer
- Georg August Paul Freiherr von Stackelberg (Russian Георгий Карлович Штакельберг), (1851–1913), Russian general in the war against Japan in 1905
- Berndt Otto I. von Stackelberg (1662–1734), heir to Hallinap, baron and Swedish field marshal
- Berndt Otto II von Stackelberg (1703–1787), Commander in Chief and Field Marshal of the Swedish troops in Finland
- Otto Hupp : Munich Calendar 1932 . Book and Art print, Munich / Regensburg, 1932.
- Otto Magnus Freiherr von Stackelberg : Pictures from the Past of a Baltic Family , CA Starke, Görlitz, 1925.
- Constantin and André von Stackelberg and Helmut Muskat: The Stackelberg through the centuries , CA Starke, Linburg (Lahn), 1968.
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility , Adelslexikon Volume XIII, Volume 128 of the complete series, CA Starke, Limburg (Lahn), 2002,
- Baron Traugott von Stackelberg. In: Claus Bernet : Quakers from politics, science and art. 2nd edition, 2008, pp. 193-196.
- Stackelberg family association website
- Website private genealogy for the von Stackelberg family
- Stackelberg article in "Genealogical Handbook of the Livonian Knighthood" 1935
- Stackelberg article in "Genealogical Handbook of the Courland Knighthood" 1939
- Kölner Schreinsbuch 334, fol. 3v, No. 89 a. 99
- The Rigische Schuldbuch 1872, p. 63. No. 939