Storch & Schöneberg
|Storch & Schöneberg|
|General information about the mine|
|Funding / total||11,978,355 t of iron ore|
|Information about the mining company|
|Start of operation||1585|
|End of operation||January 31, 1942|
|Funded raw materials|
|Degradation of||Iron ore|
|Greatest depth||1,162.7 m|
|District ( NUTS3 )||Siegen-Wittgenstein|
|country||State of North Rhine-Westphalia|
|District||Bergrevier Siegen I|
The Storch & Schöneberg iron ore mine was a composite mine in Gosenbach , a district of Siegen in Siegerland . From 1859 it consisted of the Storch and Schöneberg mines and, with a total of 17 million tons of iron ore (including ancillary operations), was the mine with the highest production in the Siegerland ore district .
The pit was built on the following means of passage (the length and thickness of the means are given):
- Stork : 222 m long; 6 m thick (5th level)
- Schöneberg : 230 m long; 5 m thick (5th level)
- Schlitzer : 35 m long; 5 m thick (5th level)
- Ore chamber : 70 m long; 1.5 m thick (5th level)
- Owl : 60 m long; 2 m thick (5th level)
- Green lion : 120 m long; 1–4 m thick (2nd level)
- Johannesberg : 60 m long; 0.5–1.5 m thick (2nd level)
The funds were mostly filled with spate iron stone, partly with brown iron stone and iron luster as well as small amounts of copper pebbles.
The iron ore chamber was already built in 1585. Professional mining of the ore only began with the construction of the Heinrich adit in autumn 1849. The Georgstollen followed in 1854 . In 1585 5.1 t of copper ore were mined.
Iron ore mining:
- 1853: 18,400 tons
- 1854: 29,133 tons
- 1855: 20,695 tons
- 1857: 18,500 tons
- 1858: 11,500 tons
The Schöneberg mine had existed since 1585. In 1758 the mine produced over 167 quintals (8.35 t) of copper ore . The Schöneberg tunnel was excavated on July 6, 1841 and the deep Schöneberg tunnel in the same year .
In 1585 5.1 t and in 1758 8.6 t of copper ore were mined. In the 1850s, iron ore production increased steadily:
- 1855: 9,416 tons
- 1857: 11,591 tons
- 1858: 17,717 tons
On March 5, 1859, the Storch and Schöneberg mines consolidated into the Storch & Schöneberg joint mine . In the same year the first civil engineering plant was built. The Gustav-Georg-Schacht had a size of 2.0 × 4.5 m and a depth of 585 m at the end. The shaft reached a depth of 52 m in 1864 and was put into operation on July 27, 1865 at a depth of 60 m. It was equipped with the most powerful steam engine in Siegerland at the time with 300 hp . From 1866 a water retention machine was used. In 1873 the second shaft was sunk. Shaft II went into operation a year later, was 2.5 × 4.5 m in size and had a depth of 785 meters. After the pit was closed, it was only partially backfilled. A blind shaft was sunk at 400 m between the 750 m and the 1160 m level. In 1878, 77,100 tons of iron stone were mined.
In the year of consolidation, 13,665 t of iron ore were mined. By 1865, production quadrupled to over 60,000 t. In 1878 77,100 t were extracted, in 1885 1200 people worked in the mine. From a maximum depth of 186 m, 112,083 t of iron stone and 14,354 t of brown iron stone and iron luster (a total of 126,437 t of iron ore) and 417 t of copper ore were extracted.
From 1878 compressed air was used to dismantle it, and from 1888 there was a 2.5 km long cable car to the Marienhütte . an electrically operated hoisting machine was installed on the Gustav-Georg-Schacht in 1886. In 1895 the Gosenbacher Hütte was purchased, three years later the ore was transported away with the help of horses . These were replaced by gasoline locomotives in 1903 and by electric locomotives in 1911. Around 1900 Storch & Schöneberg was the largest spade iron mine in Europe with 2,000 employees and an annual production of 400,000 t of iron ore . In 1902 the falling ore price and sales difficulties put the mine under pressure. Instead of the previous 3-tier system, a 2-tier system was introduced. In 1910, the ore reserves above the 13th level were almost depleted and the new shaft was sunk further. In 1912 a chain lift to the new processing plant was set up on the opposite side of the valley. From July 20, 1917 the mine belonged to AG Bremer Hütte in Geisweid, in 1927 the "Storch & Schöneberg AG" was established. In the same year the cable car was torn down. From May 1, 1930, the mine was managed by the Eisenzecher Zug mine . At that time, 600 miners were working in the mine.
On January 31, 1942, the mine with 200 workers was shut down due to a shortage of ore. The total production of the composite mine without ancillary operations was 11,978,355 t of iron ore. The total depth at the end was 1162.70 meters. The sheaves had a diameter of 7 m. In addition to Storch & Schöneberg , the Grüner Löwe and Honigsmund-Hamberg pits were also connected to the mine railway .
In 1952 the parish received the former machine house of the pit as a gift. This was converted into a church from 1953 and consecrated on March 23, 1958. In 1953, the underground ownership of the mine was transferred to Erzbergbau Siegerland AG . The surface systems will be dismantled or marketed.
In the course of time, various pits were connected to the Storch Pit or bought up by it. In 1911 the last independent Gosenbacher mine came to Storch & Schöneberg with the Honigsmund-Hamberg association .
Here pits with date of consolidation and key data:
- 1858: Old Kidney Mountain
- 1862: Chamber ; first awarded in 1585. In the same year about 5.1 t of copper ore were mined. In February 2005 day breaks occurred on the former site of the mine .
- 1876: owl ; End of operation in 1902. The Euler tunnel was replaced in 1866 by a shaft with wheel art, later with a steam engine, depth: 106 m.
- 1876: Friendship ( Eisern ); shut down in 1878
- 1881: Schmiedeberg ; a consolidation took place in 1869, in 1870 a shaft was sunk.
- 1894: Kupferkute ; From 1872 onwards, digging took place, the depth was 330 m. In 1885, 73 employees extracted 9,980 t of iron ore and 80 t of copper ore from a depth of 194 m.
- 1897: Lurzenbach ; first awarded on December 26, 1482, shut down with Storch in 1942 . The total depth was 724 m.
- 1898: Green Lion ; first awarded in 1465. Iron, copper and cobalt ore were mined until 1906. There was a connection to the Storch & Schöneberger mine railway. Depth: 283 m
- 1910: Junkernburg ; In 1910 the mine was bought and closed shortly afterwards. It had been in operation since around 1770 and resumed operation in 1891 after a break after being awarded on June 25, 1886. Mainly cobalt was mined , in 1903 it was shut down.
- 1911: Honigsmund-Hamberg ; The Honigsmund pit was first awarded in 1482. In 1885, the Kaiserin Augusta shaft was sunk. The total depth was 800 m, the closure took place in 1942. The Hamberg mine existed from 1417.
Here are pits where the consolidation date is unknown:
- Eisengarten (end of operation 1941)
- Iron Chamber ( Georg Stollen )
- Erzkammer was muted as St. Leonhardt on March 12, 1560 , and new as Erzkammer in 1569 . An artificial shaft led to a depth of 113 m.
- Johannesberg had a depth of 90 m
- Sophie in Niederschelden, mining cobalt
- Trippelkaute was popularly called Seichmarie and was first awarded in 1772.
- T. Hundt, G. Gerlach, F. Roth, W. Schmidt: Description of the mountain areas Siegen I, Siegen II, Burbach & Müsen ; Bonn 1887
- Stork and Schöneberg Pit - History
- FM Simmersbach: History of mining in the Siegerland region, Bochum / Berlin 1881 (PDF file; 237 kB)
- Hans Dietrich Gleichmann: Der Füssenberg - The great time of the Siegerland iron ore mining , Bertelsmann Fachzeitschriften-Verlag Gütersloh, 1994.
- Journal for the mining, smelting and salt works in the Prussian state , Berlin; Edition 1909
- Journal for the mining, smelting and salt works in the Prussian state , Berlin; Edition 1914
- In the footsteps of the miners in the Gosenbacher Bergrevier , Heimat- und Beautification Association Gosenbach, 1997
- A. Achenbach: Description of the Storch pit, chamber and ore chamber near Gosenbach , Gosenbach 1852
- Gerd Bäumer: Ore mining in the Siegerland area ( Memento from November 7, 2001 in the Internet Archive )
- Pictures & information about the pit for the 50th church anniversary