USS Ticonderoga (CG-47)
Ticonderoga on the High Seas, 1985
|September 22, 1978
|January 21, 1980
|April 25, 1981
|1. Period of service
|January 22, 1983
|September 30, 2004
Four gas turbines, two shafts with a total of 80,000 hp
2 launchers for anti-ship missiles, 2 triple torpedo launchers, 2 guns 127 mm, 2 twin-arm launchers for missiles
More about the technology can be found in the article on the class under Ticonderoga class (cruiser)
As a Ticonderoga-class cruiser , the fully laden ship displaced 9,750 tn.l. Water and was 173 meters long with a width of 16.8 meters. The ship was powered by four gas turbines LM-2500 from General Electric and was able to speeds of 30 knots reach.
The armament of the Ticonderoga consisted of a double-arm launcher Mk. 26 fore and aft for RIM-67 Standard Missile 2 anti-aircraft missiles and ASROC missile torpedoes . AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles could be launched from two quadruple launchers at the Schanz . In addition, the cruiser had two 5 " Mark 45 lightweight guns , two Phalanx Close-In-Weapon-Systems (missile defense) and two triple sets of torpedo tubes with a diameter of 32.4 cm for Mark 46 torpedoes .
The main mission of the ship was to provide air defense for the aircraft carriers. For this, the Ticonderoga was able to fall back on the very powerful Aegis combat system, which allows seamless 360 ° surveillance over a range of approx. 200 nautical miles thanks to four phased array antennas around the ship. The Ticonderoga was the first warship on which this system was actually used.
Construction & test drives
The Ticonderoga was commissioned in 1978. At that time, the ship was still classified as a DDG-47 , i.e. as a guided missile destroyer. At the beginning of 1980 the Ticonderoga was laid down at the Ingalls Shipbuilding shipyard in Pascagoula and launched after a construction period of 15 months. The ship was christened by then First Lady Nancy Reagan .
In July 1981 the future crew manned the PCU Ticonderoga ( PCU means Pre-Commissioning Unit , i.e. unit not yet in service ) and began with exercises and system checks. In 1982 the Sea Trials began , i.e. the first test drives on the open sea. During her first test drive, the propulsion system was checked, and the cruiser was able to maintain its top speed of over 30 knots for four hours without any problems. The weapons system was also tested later. Two Harpoon and two SM-1s were shot down, the latter on two drones launched from Eglin Air Force Base and both shot down.
The delivery to the United States Navy took place at the end of 1982, 40 days later, on January 22, 1983, the cruiser was officially put into service. The first home port of Ticonderoga was Norfolk , Virginia . Further exercises were carried out there, followed in the summer by the standard initial lay-in at the shipyard, called post-shakedown availability , during which the last problems were eliminated.
The very first use of the new cruiser turned out to be "hot". The Ticonderoga was transferred to the Mediterranean Sea with the battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62) , where it provided artillery support off the coast of Lebanon . The next mission also led to the Mediterranean. Together with the USS Caron (DD-970) and the USS Scott (DDG-995) , the Ticonderoga was the 1986 lead ship for air defense operations on the Line of Death that Libya had declared in the Great Syrte . During this voyage, the ship also rescued the pilots of a General Dynamics F-111 that had been shot down.
The third laying of the Ticonderoga began on September 10, 1987 and led the ship first in the North Atlantic, later in the Mediterranean and then in the Persian Gulf. There the ship sailed together with the USS Iowa (BB-61) and the USS Deyo (DD-989) as part of Operation Earnest Will , so it was responsible for protecting American super tankers against attacks by Iran during the tank war .
As part of the combat group around the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) , the Ticonderoga left her port in March 1990 for the fourth mission of her career. When Iraq began the invasion of Kuwait, the combat group was sent to the Persian Gulf, which it reached on August 8th, where it monitored the first steps of Operation Desert Shield . Since the deployment had already lasted four and a half months at that time, the combat group was relieved on August 24th and sent home, where it arrived on September 12th.
In 2004 the Ticonderoga was decommissioned and towed to the Inactive Ship's Maintenance Facility in Philadelphia , where it is currently (as of 2014). There were efforts to donate the ship as a museum ship . Since May 2013 the ship has been listed in the Naval Vehicle Register as Knitting, to be disposed of , so it will be scrapped.