Unica Bachmann-Calcoen

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Unica Bachmann-Calcoen (born March 3, 1904 in Roermond , Netherlands ; † August 13, 1986 in Kiel ) was a German-Dutch portrait and animal painter.


Unica Bachmann-Calcoen studied from 1922 to 1924 at the Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten in Amsterdam and then became a student of Marie de Jonge (1872–1951) in Laren and from 1924 to 1928 of Martin Monnickendam (1874–1943) in Amsterdam.

After a study trip to Italy in 1928 , she visited the Atelier Grande Chaumière and that of André Lhote in Paris in 1929 . Further study visits took her to Florence , Munich , Amsterdam and Oberstdorf im Allgäu .

For some time she worked as a painter in Eefde near Zutphen , but after her marriage she settled in Kiel; however, her apartment and studio were destroyed by bombs in 1944.

Her favorite subjects were portrait and landscape painting and especially depictions of animals with horses and riding scenes as well as free compositions. Committed to a realistic style of painting, she preferred a loose style of painting with a condensed composition.

Unica Calcoen was married to the lawyer Otto Bachmann since 1935.

Exhibitions (selection)

Works (selection)

Literature (selection)

  • Ulrike Wolff-Thomsen: Lexicon of Schleswig-Holstein artists . Published by the Flensburg Municipal Museum. Westholsteinische Verlagsanstalt Boyens & Co., Heide 1994, ISBN 3-8042-0664-6 , pp. 44-45.