|Italian name : Villa Ottone|
|Village path through Uttenheim|
|province||South Tyrol (BZ)|
|local community||Gais (South Tyrol)|
|Coordinates||46 ° 52 ' N , 11 ° 57' E|
|height||840 m slm|
|patron||Margaret of Antioch|
|Church day||20th of July|
|Faction leader||Günther Mittermair|
Uttenheim is a fraction and cadastral municipality of the municipality of Gais in the Tauferer Tal in South Tyrol ( Italy ) near Bruneck .
The name Uttenheim, which occurs between 993 and 1316 in the variants "Outenheim", "Outanheim", "Utenhaem" and "Utenhaim", goes back to the Bavarian name "Uota" according to the name researcher Karl Finsterwalder . Such a "Uota" is historically attested as a member of the old Bavarian ruling house of the Agilolfinger . So Uttenheim is the rare example of a matronym .
Uttenheim is first mentioned in a document in 993. The nobles of Uttenheim have been attested since 1100 and probably soon built their castle on the wild rock above today's town. Originally independent, they appear from 1140 as ministerials to the powerful Tauferer lords. In 1387 the family from Uttenheim died out. The Lords of Taufers had received property in the Gais area from the Bamberg Monastery. During the division in the House of the Nobles of Taufers in 1306, Uttenheim Castle was still declared to be the common property of the Nobles of Taufers, but should then have passed into the sole ownership of Ulrich von Taufers and thus also the jurisdiction over the village of Uttenheim.
Ulrich von Taufers bequeathed the castles of Uttenheim and Neuhaus with the court in 1311 to his wife Katharina von Görz . From this the property then passed to her brothers and was united with the Görzischen Grafschaft in Pustertal.
While in the first half of the 15th century Neuhaus was still the eponymous center of the court, from 1459 the name court Uttenheim appeared. After several changes of ownership, the court of Uttenheim came in 1674 to the lords and later the Counts of Troyer, who kept the fief until Bavarian rule. The latter made it subordinate to the Regional Court of Bruneck and incorporated it completely into it in 1810. In 1817 the Counts of Ferrari received it together with Taufers.
The Uttenheim court consisted of the five Pimberchen (= tax and economic communities) Gais, Mühlbach , Uttenheim, Lanebach and Burgfrieden Uttenheim. The seat of the court has been in Gais since the castle's collapse in the 17th century. Uttenheim received pastoral care from Taufers. In 1811 Uttenheim was united with Gais to form one community. In 1814, however, both villages became independent communities again. In 1928, the Uttenheim community was incorporated into the Gais community.
Culture and sights
In addition to the castle ruins from the 12th century and the St. Valentine's Chapel in the immediate vicinity of the castle, the parish church of St. Margaret , consecrated by Bishop Richer von Brixen in 1174 , which also houses a tablet by the not-known Master von Uttenheim, is worth seeing .
The most important secular building in Uttenheim is the Stock of the Barons von Sternbach . This is also where most of the Freiherrlich Sternbach's archive is located, which dates back to 1290 with preliminary documents.
There is a primary school and a kindergarten in Uttenheim.
- Helmuth Auer, Simon Auer: Dorfbuch Uttenheim-Lanebach , Gais: Gemeinde Gais 2007.
- Lydia Reichegger: History of Uttenheim in the Middle Ages and early modern times . In: Der Schlern 67 (1993), pp. 471-480, 535-554.
- Matthias Schmelzer: Uttenheim . In: Magdalena Hörmann-Weingartner (ed.), Tiroler Burgenbuch. IX. Volume: Val Pusteria . Athesia Publishing House, Bozen 2003, ISBN 978-88-8266-163-2 , pp. 265-279.
- ↑ a b Uttenheim. Gais parish, accessed on August 2, 2011 .
- ↑ Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Vol. 1: Up to the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. Inlet p. 34 .