Watchman Nee ( Chinese 倪 柝 声 , Pinyin Ní Tuòshēng , W.-G. Ni To-scheng , actually Ni Schu-tsu ; born November 4, 1903 in Shantou , China , † May 30 or June 1, 1972 in Anhui , China ) was a Chinese preacher. With the Local churches begun in 1922 , he contributed much to the important tradition of the Chinese house church movement . He wrote a variety of scriptures. Watchman Nee spent the last 20 years of his life in a labor camp because of his Christian faith. A co-worker of Nees, Witness Lee , was spreading his teaching of " regaining the Lord " in and outside of China.
Watchman Nees grandfather Nga U-cheng from Fuzhou (1840-1890, the surname Ni is Nga in the dialect of Fuzhou ) was a Presbyterian pastor in an American missionary society. His father Ni Weng-hsiu or Nga Ung-siu (1877–1941) was an officer in the imperial customs service, his mother's name was Lin Huo-ping (Peace Lin, 1880–1950).
When Watchman Nee was six years old, his family moved to their original hometown of Fuzhou. In 1920 - Nee was now a student - an evangelistic meeting was held there with the evangelist Dora Jü , at which Watchman Nee converted to the Christian faith. From then on he also devoted himself to spreading the gospel. He changed his first name to To-scheng (watchman).
Watchman Nee's proclamation was heavily influenced by Jessie Penn-Lewis , Robert Govett , GH Pember, John Nelson Darby , Margaret E. Barber , Charles R. Barlow, WJ House, T. Austin Sparks, and others. Margaret E. Barber in particular shaped him through the writings of Madam Jeanne Guyon , John Nelson Darby, Jessie Penn-Lewis, but also through her practical example of devotion, etc. He was also known in the Keswick movement . Because of his positive attitude towards the Brethren movement , he is sometimes viewed as a member of the Brethren congregations. However, he was much more open to the charisms than the "brothers". He was temporarily under the influence of the Inland China missionary Elisabeth Fischbacher, who spoke in tongues herself.
Nee became known in Christian circles for his special way of interpreting the Bible . Many of his books (usually transcripts of his sermons) have been translated into English and the most important also into German. He himself wrote only the book The Spiritual Christ ( Shanghai 1927–1928) and articles for his magazine The Christian .
From 1940 to 1960, the Christian Church in China was increasingly persecuted. Many Chinese Christians have been forced to leave the official churches and join smaller, unofficial house churches . Watchman Nee organized more than 700 such churches between 1923 and 1949, with more than 70,000 members. He believed that the various doctrines that gave rise to different denominations were against God's will. All Christians in a village or town together formed the one church in the town. The main idea for him was the unity of early Christianity according to the biblical pattern. The community movement came to be known as the Little Herd .
In 1952, Watchman Nee was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison for " imperialist activities, espionage , counter-revolutionary activities against the government, financial irregularities and dissolute life". He should have been released in 1967, but was held until his death in 1972. His wife Charity had died the year before and he was not allowed to attend her funeral. Nee was cremated on June 1, 1972 before his family could collect his body from prison.
The Spiritual Man (The Spiritual Christian)
The book The Spiritual Christian deals with the biblical image of man as spirit, soul and body. Watchman Nee explains what he believes spiritual life means and what it means to understand God's voice as a guide in life. He says of himself that he was heavily influenced by the books of Andrew Murray and Jessie Penn-Lewis (Sanctification and Keswick Movement). He regularly quotes the latter from her book War on the Saints . Watchman Nee's message is partly identical to that of Jessie Penn-Lewis, but he manages to place it in a broader context and thus make it more accessible.
In The Spiritual Christian , Watchman Nee offers a model of thought that Christians can use to better classify and examine supernatural appearances. He considers these phenomena both within Christian circles and in other religions and worldviews. To this end, he wrote in 1932 to complete the last part of The Spiritual Man still a series of articles in the Revival magazine, under The Latent Power of the Soul ( The hidden power of the soul ) in 1933 also published in book form.
The spiritual Christian was not originally intended to be translated into other languages. Watchman Nee feared that readers would mislead the book, especially if it were used as a doctrine (dogma) by "carnal" Christians. It took until 1968 for an English translation to appear. In the late 1970s, the book's contents became the curriculum for many Bible schools .
The Normal Christian Life
The best-known book by Watchman Nee's The Normal Christian Life ( The normal Christian life is) that in 1957 by Angus I. Kinnear first released. The book is based on the speeches Watchman Nees gave during a short trip to Europe in 1938/1939. According to Kinnear, the book shows how Watchman Nee saw the Christian life after 20 years of service to Jesus Christ without any restrictions. The spiritual Christian was at the beginning of this period, the normal Christian life at the end. Both books together illustrate the beliefs with which Watchman Nee survived the following period of his life.
Watchman Nee's theological influence extends well beyond his own circles. Not only in China, but also in many other countries and denominations, his thoughts were and are being noticed. From a theological point of view, Watchman Nee is to be found in both the Brethren churches (where he spoke regularly) and charismatic churches , and to a lesser extent Pentecostal churches . Although he believed in speaking in tongues , he placed little emphasis on it. In his book Gods Work he calls speaking in tongues a gift for "spiritual babies" and means Christians who have so far not had much experience of faith. Kinnear's biography reports that he later distanced himself again. Nee's idea of the local congregation, according to which there should only be one congregation per place, has had a variety of effects and caused discussions - through his student Witness Lee.
- The normal Christian life. R. Brockhaus Verlag, Wuppertal 1952; New edition Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-88083-996-4 (Original title: The Normal Christian Life )
- The Christian's personal mission . R. Brockhaus Verlag, Wuppertal 1967
- The mirror of God. R. Brockhaus Verlag, Wuppertal 1969, ISBN 3-417-20281-7
- Freedom for the mind. Evangelischer Schriften-Verlag Schwengeler, Winterthur 1969
- In the world - not of the world. R. Brockhaus Verlag, Wuppertal 1972, ISBN 3-417-00381-4
- The confession. Schwengeler Verlag, Berneck 1973
- The coming together. Schwengeler Verlag, Berneck 1973, ISBN 3-85666-112-3
- Community of love. Schwengeler Verlag, Berneck 1975, ISBN 3-85666-115-8
- The spiritual Christian. 3 volumes. Hänssler Verlag, Neuhausen 1975/76 (Original title: The Spiritual Man ; PDF file , 2.81 MB); Edel Verlag, Lüdenscheid 2013 (complete edition), ISBN 978-3-87598-523-8 .
- God's word - a double-edged sword. Verlag Hermann Schulte, Wetzlar 1978, ISBN 3-87739-305-5
- Liberation. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-88083-001-0
- The normal church life. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-88083-125-4
- Lectures on community life. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 978-3-88083-017-2
- The normal employee. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1983, ISBN 3-88083-064-9
- Live with surrender. Schwengeler Verlag, Berneck 1984, ISBN 3-85666-110-7
- Live for the glory of God. CLV, Bielefeld 1985, ISBN 3-87857-200-X
- Sit, walk, stand. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-88083-842-9
- The work of God. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-88083-979-4
- Belief that wins. Schwengeler Verlag, Berneck 1993, ISBN 3-85666-370-3
- The municipalities - fall and recovery. The seven missions in Revelation 2 and 3. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-88083-997-2
- Watch and pray. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-88083-815-1
- The hidden power of the soul. Edel, Lüdenscheid 2002, ISBN 3-87598-155-3 (completion of the third part of Der Geistliche Christ ; original title: The Latent Power of the Soul ; PDF file , 358 kB)
- The salvation of the soul. Verlag Der Strom, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-88083-827-5
- Joachim Georg: Nah, Watchman, Chinese evangelist and church planter. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 6, Bautz, Herzberg 1993, ISBN 3-88309-044-1 , Sp. 551-561.
- Angus Kinnear: Against the Tide. The Story of Watchman Nope. Victory Press, Eastbourne 1973. - German edition: Watchman Nee. A life against the current. R. Brockhaus Verlag, Wuppertal 1974, ISBN 3-417-00472-1 ; New edition of Christian literature distribution, Bielefeld 1996, ISBN 3-89397-368-0 ( online )
- Lin Heping: My grace suffices for you. Watchman Nee's mother tells her life story. CM Fliß, Hamburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-931188-95-5
- Dongsheng John Wu: Understanding Watchman Nee. Spirituality, Knowledge, and Formation. Wipf & Stock, Eugene, OR 2012, ISBN 978-1-61097-532-2
- Alexander Chow: Theosis, Sino-Christian Theology and the Second Chinese Enlightenment: Heaven and Humanity in Unity. Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2013, ISBN 978-1-137-31261-7
- Lily M. Hsu / Dana Roberts: My Unforgettable Memories. Watchman Nee & Shanghai Local Church , Xulon Press, Longwood, FL 2013, ISBN 978-1-62509940-2
- Witness Lee: Watchman Nope. A Seer of the Divine Revelation in the Present Age , Living Stream Ministry, Anaheim, CA 1991, p. 124 .
- J. Gordon Melton: Religious Leaders of America , Gale Research, Detroit 1999, p. 834.
- Watchman Nee ( Memento of the original from December 7, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - Biography at watchman-nee.net
- Angus Kinnear: Watchman Nee. A life against the current , R. Brockhaus, Wuppertal 1974, new edition CLV, Bielefeld 1996, pp. 8, 11, 208.
- Huelon Mountfort: Watchman Nee (1903-1972). A Biographical Study , in: IIIM Magazine Online , vol. 4, no. 19, 13. – 20. May 2002.
- Dongsheng John Wu: Understanding Watchman Nee. Spirituality, Knowledge, and Formation , Wipf & Stock, Eugene, OR 2012, p. 49 .
- Sabine Dabringhaus : History of China in the 20th Century , CH Beck, Munich 2009, pp. 60f.
- Michael Dillon: Contemporary China , Routledge, Abingdon 2008, p. 111.
- Literature by and about Watchman Nee in the catalog of the German National Library
- Verlag Der Strom, about 50 titles by Watchman Nee in German, about 100 titles in 15 other languages
- 4 more fonts from Watchman Nee , printed or as a PDF file
- Gerrit Alberts: The hand on the plow ... - Watchman Nee and the 21st century (PDF file; 106 kB)
- Gerrit Alberts: Watchman Nee and the Brothers Movement (PDF file; 140 kB)
- Lebensstrom eV, distribution of writings by Watchman Nee in German-speaking countries
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ni Shu-tsu|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Chinese preacher and author|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 4, 1903|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Shantou , China|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 30, 1972|
|Place of death||Anhui , China|