Charismatic movement

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Service at Lakewood Church in Houston, Texas

The charismatic movement or charismatic renewal (partly also neo- charismatic movement ) is a Christian, cross-denominational spiritual movement that is active in free church, evangelical and catholic congregations and groups.

It claims to emphasize the special gifts of grace (derived from the Greek word “ charisma ”) or gifts of the Holy Spirit , which, according to the Christian understanding, are bestowed by God.

The movement itself emerged particularly strongly in the 1960s, as a movement within the church, particularly in many free churches and also in Anglican , Evangelical Lutheran and Roman Catholic churches . The term is also used synonymously for Pentecostalism . Forerunners were often referred to as the hovel-spirit movement or simply hawkers .


In addition to the term charismatic , the terms evangelical , Pentecostal and revival are also often mentioned . The roots of the evangelical movement extend into pietism of the 18th century and the so-called revival movement of the 19th century. Pietism with its inward piety (from Latin pietas = piety) emerged from the late 17th to the end of the 18th century, which saw itself as "the completion of the Reformation and overcoming of the rigidly perceived old Protestant orthodoxy (baroque theology)". Pietism also exerted influence on Catholics and the so-called "edifying and revival movements". 1727 it came z. B. through the unification of various pietistic and “enthusiastic” groups to form a “Renewed Brothers Unity”, which was particularly promoted by Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von Zinzendorf (1700–1760) in Upper Lusatia , who was considered enthusiastic . This Moravian Brethren , which is widespread in many countries today, refers to the Confessio Augustana (1530) and has also been officially recognized in the state of Saxony .

In religious parlance, “revival” means the sudden conversion of a sinner or indifferent person to an intense Christian life. In the Protestant churches - but also sporadically in the Catholic Church - revival movements from the 17th to 19th centuries were widespread , primarily as a countercurrent to the Enlightenment . Free churches or community movements often emerged from them. In Germany these were often based on Pietism and the Moravian Brethren.

Charismatic piety differs from evangelical piety not so much in opposites as in additions and shifts in emphasis. In the case of the charismatic groups, the experience of the supernatural gifts of the spirit also occurs, which gives the belief system a new spontaneity. Intensive prayer and the study of the Bible are of particular importance. The tensions between evangelical groups often resulted from the geographical proximity, where there was also sometimes a competitive thinking. Very often members of charismatic groups were evangelically shaped, so to speak. The fundamental difference between "evangelicals" and "charismatics" is given by their different positions on the Pentecostal movement or the "Pentecostals".

The Pentecostal churches emerged around the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Century in the USA under the influence of Evangelical Methodist and Baptist sanctification movements. In the following years it became, so to speak, a church for the poor in Africa, Latin America and Indonesia, whose membership was once estimated at 10 to 35 million.

Both Pope Leo XIII. (1810–1903) and Helena Guerra (1835–1914) had to experience at the beginning of the 20th century that an impulse of the papal circular on the Holy Spirit was only taken up to a very limited extent in the Catholic Church. Nonetheless, there were individual reactions that were subsequently constructed by the movement as answered prayers: On the first day of the new century, for example, some young people knelt in front of their pastor in Topeka and asked that he lay his hands on them and for them ask for a new outpouring of the Holy Spirit. They reported that they had had an answer to this prayer and had great joy. They later stated that they had prayed in new tongues, similar to what is done e.g. B. is described in the second chapter of Acts in the Bible (Acts 2). In 1906 there was another "outpouring of the spirit" on Azusa Street in Los Angeles . From there, this practice spreads very quickly in all directions. The "Pentecostals" arose, who to this day show the greatest numerical growth of all religious communities.

After the Second World War and in the midst of the Healing Revival , Demos Shakarian - a Christian who immigrated to the USA from Armenia - felt the God-given mandate to found an ecumenical community that would convey the "full gospel" - including Spirit baptism - to all Christian communities should. After initial difficulties, the " Full Gospel Business Men " (today over 4000 local groups in 160 countries worldwide) spread to many countries.

Another important figure in this process is David du Plessis , who is also “Mr. Pentecost “was called. Like all Pentecostals, he firmly believed that only Pentecostals could be baptized in the Holy Spirit. However, when he was in the hospital for weeks after a serious traffic accident, he came to the conclusion that the Holy Spirit experience is intended for all Christians of all denominations. He later said, "God had to break all my bones before I could see what God was up to." He was attacked by his own people as a result. Nevertheless he was able to travel to the Second Vatican Council in 1962 as a representative of his community . And contrary to his assumption, he was not turned away by the Catholic cardinals , on the contrary, they listened to him with great interest as he told of his experiences. While the first Protestant prayer groups in Germany had already arisen in the 1960s, the first charismatic groups also began to arise in Germany from 1971/72.

Many spiritual and gospel songs and new spiritual songs also come from such new beginnings. For the Pentecostals, the so-called " baptism of the spirit " as a key religious experience is decisive, which differs from the so-called "conversion" and is accompanied by charismatic phenomena such as speaking in tongues or speaking in tongues . Most Pentecostals teach a two-step healing path, the stages of which are "conversion" and "spirit baptism". Some also teach three levels: conversion or (spiritual) regeneration, sanctification, and spirit baptism; other groups represented or represent a modalist doctrine of the Trinity of God and baptize only in the name of Jesus Christ .

A common but obvious misunderstanding is that the charismatic movement was or is seen as one with other pietistic movements and that its followers are called "evangelicals". In the German-speaking world, the term "evangelical" is usually only used as a foreign term. It is not a single group, but an international gathering movement of evangelical Christians that combines certain theological and spiritual concerns, as it was revealed at the 1974 Congress for World Evangelization in Lausanne . The “charismatic wave of awakening”, so to speak, that arose at the beginning of the 1970s and went through the church youth, was also clearly under the influence of the “ Jesus People Movement”, which in 1967 at a meeting of young people in Long Beach under the influence of Baptist preachers and Pentecostal churches came into being. The religious movement in the former GDR had many similarities to the Jesus People.

The inclusion of Pentecostal piety characteristics by the charismatic movement also resulted in a changed relationship to the Evangelical Lutheran and the Roman Catholic large church. Some Pentecostal churches were accepted into the World Council of Churches or there were talks with the Pentecostal movement and the Catholic Church. Four final reports from an international commission of Pentecostals and Catholics from 25 years of mutual dialogue were very fruitful and valuable. Warm and trusting relationships between Pentecostals and Catholics created an atmosphere in which differences could be addressed with openness, although some observers said these dialogues would not continue. In any case, mutual respect and understanding emerged.

In mid-2006, the number of people who can be attributed to the Pentecostal charismatic awakenings was around 596 million worldwide. It is the fastest growing religious movement in the world, with the greatest distribution being found in Africa, Latin America and Asia.

In a 2007 survey by the Barna Group in the United States , 36 percent of all respondents identified themselves as charismatics (compared to 30% in a same survey in 1997). 49% of evangelicals see themselves as charismatics, and 36% of Catholics. A broad distribution is also noticeable when considering entire communities. Among the independent churches, about 40% are charismatic, as are 7% of the Southern Baptist Convention churches and 6% of the Mainline Churches congregations .

Outside of the major churches, there are probably over 1,000 free congregations in Germany that are organized in networks or, in part, in the Bund Freikirchlicher Pentecostal congregations . There is also a charismatic movement in Switzerland and Austria. Currently z. B. an association called GODfest Ministries . According to the senior pastor of Bethel Church (Redding, California) , Bill Johnson, this movement wants to help shake the Christian faith in Europe with life-changing Christian festivals .


James Innell Packer sees the following points as specific to the beliefs of the charismatic movement:

  • The experience of an essential enrichment of the Christian life, which is neither identical with evangelical conversion nor with sacramental incorporation into the body of Christ. In doing so, the individual often feels the love of God, the closeness of Jesus Christ, the power of the Holy Spirit and possibly the existence of the demonic to a previously unknown extent.
  • The fruit of the Holy Spirit (character formation of the Christian) according to Galatians
  • The gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • In the worship service or in a group, the experience of unity with Father and Son through the Holy Spirit and the experience of spiritual communion with other Christians
  • The conviction that the charismatic movement is part of a divine strategy for the renewal of the church or Christianity.

The prehistory of the spiritual community renewal (GGE) in the Protestant church

The beginning of a charismatic movement in the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches (BEFG) can be dated with the "Rufer Movement". The Rufer movement itself was active even before the so-called charismatic awakening began. Their goal, a “revitalization of the groups and communities”, is in direct continuity with the GGE. The caller work was founded in 1949. In 1951, Wilhard Becker and Carola Geiger presented it at the Federal Council meeting in Dortmund. At that time the Rufer movement was closely linked with the community youth organization in the BEFG.

The Rufer movement came into contact in 1963 through the leader Wilhard Becker with the charismatic renewal in the Protestant church around Arnold Bittlinger. As a result of this encounter, the “Life Center for Christian Unity” was founded in Craheim Castle. Wilhard Becker and Siegfried Großmann from the BEFG were involved here.

The defining figure in the founding of a “Charisma & Community” working group was Siegfried Großmann, a member of the management team at Oncken-Verlag. An early “theological workshop” with the topic “Charisma and Congregation” took place in November 1976 at the EFG Kassel-Möncheberg. The working group was founded at the request of the federal government. Until 1990, Siegfried Großmann was a member of the executive committee of the working group, which was later renamed "Community and Charisma". The chairmanship of “Gemeinde und Charisma” was taken over from 1986 to 2002 by Heinrich Christian Rust.

Foundation and forms of expression of the Spiritual Community Renewal (GGE) in the Protestant Church

The Spiritual Community Renewal was founded in the spring of 2003 as a result of a "federal crisis". "Community and Charisma" was not dissolved, but merged with the GGE. Despite the obvious continuity, there are also differences. Employees who were not involved in the last “Community and Charisma” days helped shape the GGE from the start, e. B. Personalities like Stefan Vatter, Michael Borkowski, Hartmut Grüger or Siegfried Liebschner.

The spiritual renewal of the community follows the principle of consolidating the identity of the community of Jesus inwardly and strengthening it in its radiance to the outside and thus following its destiny to be light and salt for the world (Mt 5: 13f). The church of Jesus is not enlivened by problem analysis, but by the fascination and enthusiasm of its God, who brought it into being. The church is the place where something of the glory of God lights up (Eph 1: 12ff).

The Charismatic Renewal (CE) in the Catholic Church

The “Charismatic Renewal” (CE) from the Catholic point of view is regarded as a way of new evangelization. An important historical background is the prophetic impulse of the Catholic nun Helena Guerra in the late 19th century. In 1880 she met the founder of the Salesians and youth patron, Giovanni Don Bosco , who valued her very much. In 1882 she found a house where she and five companions founded a congregation of sisters. She wrote various brochures and books with a didactic and religious orientation. On October 18, 1897, Helena Guerra received a private audience with Pope Leo XIII, where he encouraged her to pursue the apostolate to the Holy Spirit. At her impulse, Pope Leo XIII consecrated. on the first day of the 20th century (January 1, 1901) the Church and the world to the Holy Spirit. The Pope authorized the Congregation to be given the charismatic name Suore Oblate dello Santo Spirito , the Sisters of the Holy Spirit (also called Oblates of Saint Zita). On April 18, 1902, Pope Leo XIII. Once again send a copy of his circular Ad fovendum in christiano populo on the Holy Spirit to all bishops , at the same time with a warning, especially to the pastors and preachers, "to explain to the people the Catholic teaching on the Holy Spirit well and zealously". In 1906 Guerra was deposed as superior by Msgr. Domenico Fanucchi (1846-1910), then Vicar General of Lucca . He forbade her to publish books. In 1911, however, the Holy See officially recognized her order as Sisters of the Oblates of the Holy Spirit by decree , which was an immeasurable joy for her. Guerra: “The first Christians achieved a wonderful strength of faith, because they felt the divine fire of the Upper Room more than we did. Now one no longer thinks of calling on the Holy Spirit and worshiping him has almost been forgotten. "

1959 followed the canonical beatification of Helena Guerra by Pope John XXIII. who saw the need, especially in the approaching modern times , to convene the 2nd Vatican Council (1962–1965) , which was also groundbreaking for ecumenism , in which Protestant and free church Christians also took part as observers. The prayer of Pope Leo XIII. According to Hansmartin Lochner, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit initially had a special effect where it was not expected: as the cause of the emergence of the Pentecostal churches outside the major Protestant and Catholic churches. At the beginning of the 20th century, several “Pentecostal churches” emerged outside the Protestant and Catholic churches, which were initially rejected. The Jesuit Norbert Baumert , professor at the Philosophical-Theological University Sankt Georgen in Frankfurt am Main , gave helpful impulses on the nature of this ecumenical phenomenon on the Catholic side . As chairman of the Theological Committee of Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church for many years, he emphasized that the Church lives on the “pulse of the Spirit”. In his opinion, the word “charismatic” arouses various associations. Here one could think of people with a special charisma or talent or of people who are “aloof” and overly emotional. In any case, Baumert saw the fact that the Charismatic Renewal movement was growing worldwide and that people of all ages were finding a way to develop a personal relationship with God in a way that had never been imagined. Expectations and fears mixed. One tries many explanations from the psychological area, from the religious needs of certain people and their personality structure, as well as piety-historical or sociological explanations. In addition, there is the “charisma” of various leaders. According to Baumert, this did not capture the real essence of the charismatic awakening. In any case, theology always reckoned with the fact that a living God existed who acts in history and graces and guides people through the Holy Spirit. Baumert also emphasized that God's work surpasses human understanding. The Charismatic Renewal is a worldwide movement with an ecumenical character and gives important impulses for the Church as a whole. The critical view of "spiritual distinction" remains an important aspect.

The Catholic Charismatic Renewal is a movement that arose shortly after the Second Vatican Council. The origins in the Catholic area are derived from a weekend retreat for students and some members of the faculty of Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / USA on the morning of January 13, 1967. During the retreat the students sang the old hymn Veni Creator Spiritus and prayed intensely for the renewal of grace from Baptism and Confirmation. During the weekend, many of the students experienced a "powerful outpouring" of the Holy Spirit along with speech (the term glossolalia ), prophecy, and other charisms. This “Pentecost experience” quickly spread to other universities and then to the whole world. Today the Catholic Charismatic Renewal exists in more than 238 countries and more than 120 million Catholics are considered to have been affected by it. The "Duquesne Event" is due to the influence of other Christians who were also baptized in the Holy Spirit and to the renewing momentum of the Second Vatican Council. The professors present at this weekend had previously experienced the "baptism of the spirit" through a small charismatic prayer group consisting of Christians of different denominations. The students had prepared for the weekend by reading the Acts of the Apostles and a book by Pentecostal pastor David Wilkerson from Pennsylvania, USA (1931–2011) entitled “The Cross and the Knife Heroes” (available as a book and DVD). In this book, Wilkerson describes his work among rival criminal gangs in New York, among whom many conversions occurred. Pastor David Wilkerson founded the so-called "Teen Challenge Project" in New York in 1958, which today works non-denominationally in 117 countries for people on the fringes of society and their rehabilitation.

The origin and growth of Catholic-Charismatic renewal or movements in other non-Catholic communities and congregations can be traced back to a time in history when the church settled in due to the rapid secularization, the pressing crises and the alienation of many baptized and confirmed Christians from their own congregations faced great challenges. Today it is estimated that more than 500 million Christians worldwide have been baptized with the Holy Spirit.

Prayer and worship

Characteristic of the charismatic renewal is a pronounced turn to " prayer ", whereby in addition to traditional prayer special forms such as loud "free" prayer, the laying on of hands and blessing by praying together or praying with raised hands are cultivated. Often, spontaneous prayer is combined with chanting of praise songs ( praise and worship ).

A special characteristic of this ecumenical phenomenon is the rediscovery of the gift of language , which is described by the technical term glossolalia . It is a gift attested to in the Bible, in the early Church and by the Church Fathers, about which there is a great deal of ignorance (even among many baptized Christians). This gift is often criticized or even rejected. In the first letter to the Corinthians (1 Cor 12 and 14) of the Apostle Paul or in the Gospel of Mark (Mk 16: 15-17) there are references: “Go out into the whole world and preach the gospel to all creatures! ... And through those who have come to believe the following signs will take place: In my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new tongues ... ”For example, the apostle Paul stated that more than anyone he“ prays in tongues ”(1 Cor 14:18), with a constant, personal, one can say“ intimate ”form of communication with God . The Catholic Marie-Luise Winter describes the use of speech or prayer in such a way that it is not subject to the human will, one can decide for or against it. She is not ecstatic and one is not at her mercy. It is usually expressed in unrelated syllables and sounds that cannot be understood with the human mind alone. People who have received this gift of singing or praying in languages ​​describe that it initially starts with a few syllables, but can change over time or appear incomparably or individually differently in each person. Marie-Luise Winter regards it as remarkable that God considers it necessary to give a new language with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and the establishment of the community of Jesus Christ - obviously “the language of the world” is not suitable for the new that the Holy Spirit wants to give in human words or in an earthly language. In the first centuries of Christian history, the exercise of these supernatural spiritual gifts, known as charisms , was part of everyday Christian life. In the mysticism of the Middle Ages it is z. B. in Francis of Assisi or Teresia of Avila attested.

The services of charismatic groups and congregations are often designed in a modern way and also want to appeal to young people. In order to improve cultural adaptation, traditional liturgical elements are usually dispensed with. Musical worship in worship is often voiced by pop, gospel or folk-style bands . The sermons are usually related to everyday life and less theological. Contrary to the traditional practice in the large churches of aligning sermons according to a so-called reading order or pericope , sermons often arise from a topic selected by the preacher, which is explained by biblical texts.

The charismatic movement, like the Pentecostal movement, is missionary- oriented, in particular friendship evangelism and faith courses such as the Alpha course play a role.

Theology and ethics

Followers of the charismatic movement usually stick theologically to their ancestral denomination and explain charismatic experiences within the respective theology. Catholics speak of a release of the Holy Spirit received at baptism and confirmation , Protestants interpret it as a spiritual rebirth due to a new conversion, and groups from the Pentecostal movement of a baptism in the Spirit .

Many charismatic Christians also see themselves as a revival movement in which their faith can be experienced in a practical and tangible way. The services are therefore often characterized by elements of ecstasy during singing ( praise and worship ) and prayer by the laying on of hands , which are understood as the effects of the Holy Spirit. The so-called " Toronto blessing " is an example of this .

Often many people find it difficult to classify the controversial phenomenon of so-called "rest in spirit" as a quasi ecstatic state, in addition to the baptism of the spirit, singing and praying in languages ​​or the happy expression of faith. This question was pursued by the Cistercian Wolfgang Gottfried Buchmüller OCist, who works at the Theological-Philosophical University of Heiligenkreuz near Vienna and discovered this phenomenon with the church teacher Augustinus von Hippo or the mystic Bernhard von Clairvaux.

The charismatic movement sees itself in the evangelical- charismatic tradition. Like other evangelicals, they regard the Bible as the word of God and the binding standard of faith and conduct by which everything else must be measured. Therefore, it tends to be conservative in terms of values , especially socio-political. Sex outside of marriage , abortion or practiced homosexuality are seen as unbiblical . According to the authors William MacDonald and Dean Sherman , the transition to Christian fundamentalism is fluid, depending on the background of the group or church.

Structure and organization

The charismatic renewal movement has no uniform structure due to the interdenominationalism. Except for the presence of occasional spokesmen and works whose work gets around, there is no leadership, no authority that speaks for the entire charismatic movement. The Pentecostal Churches represent a large group within the Charismatic Movement. In Germany they are organized under the umbrella of the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden . Within the Evangelical Church in Germany , the charismatic movement is mainly organized in the renewal of the spiritual community . The Charismatic Renewal within the Catholic Church is structured through the ICCRS (International Catholic Charismatic Renewal Services), an organization that maintains the connection between the Catholic Charismatic Renewal and the Holy See and is the official contact for them. At Whitsun 2019, the so-called "CHARIS Council" replaced the ICCRS. The proven papal preacher Raniero Cantalamessa OFM Cap took over the spiritual accompaniment.

If charismatic groups arise in the existing churches and parishes, the basic structure there is usually adopted. The basic structure is the legal form (eg. As KdöR , e. V. ), the way the financing of municipal work, the training of preachers, the determination of leaders, etc. In these cases, possibly elements such as the order of service or Modified the way in which members are recruited or the “charismatic” life takes place in private surroundings.

Outside of traditional churches and parishes, there are many different forms. Regarding the structure of a free charismatic community, it can be stated that the status of the leader of a group or church leader and of the elders ( presbyters ) is particularly emphasized and a strict hierarchy applies. Obedience to executives is demanded, whereas in return the executives have to measure themselves by the results ("fruits") of their work, as well as legitimize themselves by credibility, "Bible solidity", severity and mildness in order to maintain the status.

The structure of charismatic groups and congregations is based on the theology of divine calling, with these members of the congregation being conveyed to the congregation in an inspiring manner by the Holy Spirit and being passed on by them to the congregation, where these communications are examined by the leadership. A basic idea is based on the image of the Church of Christ as “body” with Christ as “head” (1 Cor. 12), coined by the Apostle Paul, where every part of the body represents a Christian and, in all differences to another part of the body, every Christian within his own framework Opportunities, that is, abilities, talents for certain tasks according to his talent in the church.

The implementation of this teaching about the church structure takes place more or less consistently in the charismatic movement in that, for example, executives are usually not elected, but instead take on this task based on their intended - and usually also natural - talent. The same applies, for example, to employees in church services who - depending on their talents - find themselves in teams and work as " worship team", "welcome team", "infrastructure team", "pastoral care team", "healing team" etc. appear. This “gift” -based distribution of tasks is also practiced outside the charismatic movement as an element of “awakening” church practice.

There are prayer groups, relaxed and binding house groups, faith courses, conferences and camps, and monastery-like residential communities . As far as the internal church movement is concerned, it is difficult to give numbers. Most of the members of the intra-church charismatic movement remain loyal to their church. However, many new founding projects of free charismatic congregations outside the major denominations are also emerging all over the world.

In the Catholic Church, the Charismatic Renewal (CE) is one of the new spiritual movements that Pope John Paul II called "an important fruit of the Second Vatican Council" and a special gift from God to our time; from them he expected a “new spring” in the Church (address at the Pentecost meeting of the Spiritual Movements in Rome in 1998). The CE is also recognized by the German Bishops' Conference; the diocesan speakers are confirmed by the respective local bishop. Influential theologians of the Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church were Heribert Mühlen , Norbert Baumert SJ and the papal preacher Raniero Cantalamessa OFM Cap.

Quotes from Popes on Charismatic Renewal:

  • “Charismatic renewal is an opportunity for the Church and the world!” (Pope Paul VI.)
  • "The Catholic Charismatic Renewal has helped many Christians to rediscover the presence and power of the Holy Spirit in their lives, in the life of the Church and in the world." (Pope John Paul II)
  • “You, the Charismatic Renewal Movement, have received a great gift from the Lord. You emerged from a will of the Holy Spirit as a stream of grace in the church and for the church. This is your definition: a stream of grace ... Charismatic renewal is a great force at the service of the proclamation of the Gospel, in the joy of the Holy Spirit. ”(Pope Francis, July 2014)

List of some representatives of the charismatic movement

Surname nationality keyword
John Wimber United States Vineyard Christian Fellowship
Joyce Meyer United States Joyce Meyer Ministries
Joel Osteen United States Lakewood Church
Loren Cunningham United States Youth With A Mission
C. Peter Wagner United States Spiritual Warfare, Third Wave
Kenneth Erwin Hagin United States Word of Faith Movement
Benny Hinn United States World Outreach Center
Walter Heidenreich D. Free Christian Youth Community
Reinhard Bonnke D. Christ for all nations
Peter Wenz D. Gospel Forum
Volkhard Spitzer D. Christian center
Dagmar and Eric Thon D. FIT community for life
Wolfhard Margies D. Church on the way
Pastor Johannes Justus D. Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden KdöR
Derek Prince UK Derek Prince Ministries
Keith Warrington UK Regents Theological College
George Jack UK Rotherham Pentecoastal Church
Paul Yonggi Cho Korea Yoido Full Gospel Church
Marcelo Rossi BR Catholic Charismatic Renewal
Ulf Ekman SE Catholic Church
Pastor Sándor Németh HU Hit gyülekezete
Well-known representatives of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal
Surname nationality keyword
Johannes Hartl D. Head of the prayer house in Augsburg
Hansmartin Lochner D. Priest of the CE in the Diocese of Munich-Freising
Patti Gallagher Mansfield United States Witness to the Duquesne event in 1967


  • Friedrich Aschoff, Paul Toaspern: The gifts of the Holy Spirit. Prophecy-Language Prayer-Healing , 3rd edition, Hann. Münden 2013.
  • Hubert Kirchenr, Götz Planer-Friedrich, Matthias Sens, Christof Ziemer (eds.): Charismatic renewal and church. Commissioned by the Theological Study Department at the Federation of Evangelical Churches in the GDR, Neukirchen-Fluyn 1984.
  • Siegfried Grossmann : Steward of God's grace. From the charismatic movement to the charismatic renewal of the church. Oncken, Kassel 1977. ISBN 978-3-78932115-3
  • Siegfried Großmann: Does the spirit blow where we want? The Toronto Blessing and the Path of the Charismatic Movement. Oncken, Wuppertal 1995.
  • James Innell Packer : In the footsteps of the Holy Spirit. Brunnen Verlag, Giessen 1989, ISBN 3-7655-2413-1 .
  • Christoph Raedel (ed.): Methodism and charismatic movement. Historical, theological and hymnological contributions (= Reutlinger Theologische Studien Volume 2). Edition Ruprecht, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-7675-7090-0 .
  • Peter Zimmerling : The charismatic movements. Theology, spirituality, impulses for discussion (= church, denomination, religion volume 42). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-56546-1 .
  • Current literature on the charismatic movement
  • Challenges of the charismatic movement to the Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck (PDF; 382 kB)
  • Cardinal Paul Josef Cordes: Sanctification and Mission. On the Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church , Paderborn 1999.
  • Renata Taddioli: Blessed . Elena Guerra the pearl from Lucca - Apostle of the Holy Spirit - The wife of the New Pentecost and the Upper Room (translated from Italian by Franca and Ignaz Gruber), Alzenau / Ufr. 2005.
  • Norbert Baumert : Offensive or offensive? The Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church , Nördlingen 2001.
  • Norbert Baumert: Gifts of the Spirit of Jesus. The charismatic in the church. Graz-Vienna-Cologne 1986, ISBN 3-222-11-666-0 .
  • Norbert Baumert, Gerhard Bially (ed.): Pentecostals and Catholics in dialogue. The four final reports of an international commission from 25 years, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-9803811-1-0 .
  • Michael Scanlan, Randall J. Cirner: … deliver us from evil. Liberation service in the church. Graz / Vienna / Cologne 1983, ISBN 3-222-11433-1 .
  • Theological Committee of Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church (Ed.): Prayer for Liberation. A contribution to the internal church conversation. Completed new edition, Maihingen 2011.
  • Hans Buob: Liberation, a service of the church. Seelsorge series 5, Fremdingen, ISBN 978-3-935189-20-0 .
  • Hans Buob: The gift of discerning spirits. Fremdingen, ISBN 978-3-935189-24-8 .
  • International Catholic Charismatic Renewal Services Theological Committee (Ed.): Baptism in the Holy Spirit (German edition published by the Board of Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church Germany), Maihingen 2012.
  • Emiliano Tardif, Jose H. Prado Flores: Jesus lives (translated from the Spanish and French editions by J. Winkler), Münsterschwarzach 1988, ISBN 3-87868-368-5 .
  • Alan Ames: On Seers and Resting in the Spirit , Jestetten 2005.
  • Wolfgang Gottfried Buchmüller: Rest in the spirit. Charismatic phenomena in controversy. Jestetten 2012, ISBN 978-3-936004-09-0 .

Web links

Charismatic Movement Information and Organizations

Independent assessment

Critical or warning statements


Commons : Charismatic Movement  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Richard Ising: Strong errors. A statement on the subject of "enthusiasts then and now". Lutheran Community Service, 1965.
  2. Ecumenical Documentation III (Ed.): New transdenominational movements. Documents from the evangelical, action-centered and charismatic movements . Frankfurt am Main 1976, p. 45 .
  3. Manfred Heim : From indulgence to celibacy. Small encyclopedia of church history . CH Beck, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-406-57356-9 , p. 327-328 .
  4. Manfred Heim: From indulgence to celibacy. Small encyclopedia of church history . CH Beck, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-406-57356-9 , p. 121 .
  5. Demos Shakarian: The Happiest People in the World. The fascinating life story of the founder of “Christians at Work” . Ed .: Christians at work e. V. CPI books, Leck 2010.
  6. Hansmartin Lochner: From the history of the charismatic renewal. In: Retrieved November 17, 2019 .
  7. ^ Hubert Kirchner: Charismatic Renewal and Church . In: Hubert Kirchner, Götz Planer-Friedrich, Matthias Sens, Christof Ziemer (eds.): Theological study department at the Federation of Evangelical Churches in the GDR . Neukirchener Verlag des Erziehungsverein, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1984, p. 114-119 .
  8. Norbert Baumert : Pentecostals and Catholics in Dialogue: the four final reports from an international commission spanning 25 years . Ed .: Gerhard Bially. Charisma-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1999.
  9. ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Graf: The Protestantism: Past and present. 2nd Edition. CH Beck, Munich 2010, p. 21 f. with reference to estimates in the Status of Global Mission of the Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary .
  10. ^ Douglas Jacobsen: The World's Christians, Who They Are, Where They Are and How They Got There. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester 2011, ISBN 978-1-4051-8887-6 , chapter 4.
  11. ^ Pew Research Center : Global Christianity. A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population. December 2011, on
  12. ^ A b Barna Group: Is American Christianity Turning Charismatic? January 7, 2008, accessed on April 8, 2020. A rather broad definition was used to classify as a charismatic. Charismatics included people who described themselves as charismatic or Pentecostal Christians, those who testified that they had had the experience of being filled with the Holy Spirit, and those who assumed that the charismatic gifts such as speaking in tongues and healing , are still active today.
  13. Religious Studies Media and Information Service: Religions & Weltanschauungsgemeinschaften in Germany: Membership Numbers
  14. Bill Johnson: About Us. Awakening Europe, accessed April 8, 2020 .
  15. a b James I. Packer: In the footsteps of the Holy Spirit. 1984.
  16. Spiritual renewal in the BEFG. Retrieved November 14, 2019 .
  17. Bishop Domenico Fanucchi † In: , accessed April 8, 2020.
  18. Helena Guerra. In: Kathpedia. Retrieved January 15, 2018 .
  19. TADDIOLI, Renata: Sel. Elena Guerra the pearl from Lucca - The wife of the new Pentecost and the Upper Room . Danielis Verlag, Alzenau / Ufr., P. 103 .
  20. Norbert Baumert: Offensive or offensive? The Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church. Ed .: Coordination group of the CE. 2nd Edition. Steinmeier printing company Nördlingen, Nördlingen 2001, p. 48 .
  21. Teen Challenge in Germany e. V. Accessed October 21, 2011 .
  22. ^ Doctrinal Commission of the ICCRS: Baptism in the Holy Spirit (German edition) . Ed .: Board of Charismatic Renewal in the Catholic Church in Germany. Maihingen 2012, p. 124 .
  23. ^ Marie-Luise Winter: Discovering the gift of language - Introduction to a forgotten prayer . Ed .: Board of Directors of CE Germany. Ravensburg.
  24. Wolfgang Gottfried Buchmüller: Charismatic phenomena in the controversy - rest in the spirit . 2nd Edition. Danielis Verlag, Jestetten 2015, ISBN 978-3-936004-09-0 .
  25. ^ Dean Sherman: Spiritual Warfare - How Christians Live Victorious . Wuppertal 1991.
  26. William MacDonald: Notice the Difference . Dillenburg 1975, p. 54 ff.
  27. ^ About ICCR. International Catholic Charismatic Renewal Services, archived from the original on October 15, 2013 ; accessed on March 20, 2016 .
  28. ↑ A remarkable start for CHARIS. In: CE Germany, accessed November 14, 2019 .
  29. Who we are. Retrieved January 18, 2018 .
  30. The most prominent Free Church member becomes Catholic , IdeaSpektrum 12.2014, p. 13.