Wilhelm diaper tape

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Portrait of Wilhelm Windelband. Photo from Wilhelm Windelband. An obituary. Prague 1941

Wilhelm Windelband (born May 11, 1848 in Potsdam , † October 22, 1915 in Heidelberg ) was a German philosopher , professor , representative of Neo-Kantianism , the so-called value philosophy and founder of the " Southwest German School " or " Baden School " of Neo-Kantianism.

Live and act

Family burial site at the Heidelberg Bergfriedhof in Section X.

Windelband was born the son of a Prussian civil servant in Potsdam. He first studied medicine and natural sciences at the universities of Jena , Berlin and Göttingen , and then continued to study history and philosophy. In 1870 he received his doctorate in Göttingen. He took part in the Franco-German War as a volunteer . In 1873 he received his habilitation at the University of Leipzig. In 1876 he accepted an appointment as a full professor at the University of Zurich , in 1877 at the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg and in 1882 at the University of Strasbourg , where he worked the longest. In 1903 he went to the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg as the successor to his teacher Kuno Fischer . From 1905 to 1908 Windelband was a member of the First Chamber of the Baden State Parliament as a representative of Heidelberg University . Since his time in Heidelberg, Windelband was also a corresponding member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences . In 1901 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and in 1904 of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1909 he was accepted into the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences .

Windelband first appeared as a historian of philosophy, following his teacher Kuno Fischer, then as one of its more important systematists, continuing his teacher Hermann Lotze in this regard. Lotze, who distinguished the realm of beings, which (according to Kant) is mediated by quaestio facti according to the factual conditions of knowledge, and the realm of validity, which appears mediated by quaestio iuris according to active conditions of his knowledge, left the quaestio iuris from the quaestio facti become dependent. Windelband reverses this relationship by determining that what is to be considered as an active (active) truth is what has previously arisen from a valid judgment.

Windelband tried above all to differentiate between natural sciences and cultural sciences ( humanities ). The natural sciences proceed " nomothetically ", that is, they are concerned with finding general laws ("nomothetic" = "creating laws"). Cultural studies, however, have to deal with the unique, the individual and the particular, they proceed " ideographic " ( "idiographic" = "einzelnesbeschreibend"). Nonetheless, Windelband made it clear that the idiographic sciences are dependent on the nomothetic: "On the other hand, the idiographic sciences now require general sentences at every turn, which they can only borrow from the nomothetic disciplines with completely correct justification."

Windelband also emerged as a historian of philosophy. His textbook on the history of philosophy in 1892 saw many editions and was continued by Heinz Heimsoeth . His most important student was Heinrich Rickert .

Wilhelm Windelband found his final resting place in the Heidelberg Bergfriedhof. His grave is adorned by a simple tomb, a lying granite cuboid, on which the life data of Wilhelm Windelband, that of his wife Martha Windelband and that of their daughter Elly Stutz, née. Diaper tape are noted. The grave is located in section X, it is directly adjacent to the forest section.


  • The lessons of chance . Berlin 1870. 80 S. Diss. Univ. Goettingen 1870.
  • About the certainty of knowledge . A psychological-epistemological study. Berlin 1873. IV, 96 S. Habil. Univ. Leipzig 1873.
  • The history of modern philosophy is presented in its connection with general culture and the particular sciences . 2 vols. Leipzig 1878-1880. Vol. 1: From the Renaissance to Kant. 1878. VIII, 580 S. Vol. 2: The heyday of German philosophy. From Kant to Hegel and Herbart. 1880. VI, 398 pp.
  • Preludes . Essays and speeches to introduce philosophy. Freiburg Breisgau 1884. VI, 326 pp.
  • History of ancient philosophy . Manual of classical antiquity in a systematic representation. With special regard to the history and methodology of the individual disciplines. Edited by Ivan Muller. Dept. 5. Vol. 1. Tl. 1. Nördlingen 1888. VIII, 338 pp.
  • History of philosophy . Freiburg Breisgau 1892. 516 pp.
  • Plato . Frommann's classic of philosophy. Vol. 9. Strasbourg 1900. 190 pp.
  • Textbook of the history of philosophy . 3rd ed. History of philosophy. Tübingen 1903. VIII, 576 pp.
  • About free will . Twelve lectures. Tübingen 1904. VIII, 224 pp.
  • The philosophy in the German intellectual life of the XIX. Century . Five lectures. Tübingen 1909. 120 pp.
  • Preludes . Essays and speeches on philosophy and its history. 4th, but. Probably ed. 1911. Vol. 1: XII, 276 p. Vol. 2: IV, 322 p.
  • Logic . Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences. In connection with Wilhelm Windelband ed. v. Arnold Ruge. Vol. 1. Tl. 1. Tübingen 1912. VIII, 276 pp.
  • The principles of logic . Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences. In connection with Wilhelm Windelband ed. v. Arnold Ruge. Vol. 1. [Tl. 2] Tübingen 1913. 60 pp.
  • Introduction to philosophy . Outline of the Philosophical Sciences. Edited by Fritz Medicus. Vol. 1. Tübingen 1914. XII, 442 pp.
  • The hypothesis of the unconscious . Ceremonial address given at the general meeting of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences on April 24, 1914. Heidelberg 1914. 22 pp.
  • Philosophy of history . A war lecture. Fragment from the estate. Edited by Wolfgang diaper tape. Kant studies. Supplementary booklets. Vol. 38. Berlin 1916. 68 pp.


Web links

Wikisource: Wilhelm Windelband  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 261.
  2. ^ Wilhelm Windelband in the membership directory of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences
  3. ^ Wilhelm Windelband: "Geschichte und Naturwissenschaft" [speech on the assumption of the rectorate of the Kaiser-Wilhelms-Universität Strasbourg, held on May 1, 1894], in: ders .: Preludes. Essays and speeches on philosophy and its history , Vol. 2, 9th edition, Tübingen 1924: Mohr.
  4. Leena Ruuskanen: The Heidelberg Bergfriedhof through the ages . Regional culture publishing house, Ubstadt-Weiher 2008, ISBN 978-3-89735-518-7 .