William Scoresby

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William Scoresby

William Scoresby (born October 5, 1789 near Whitby , Yorkshire , † March 21, 1857 in Torquay ) was a British navigator and explorer.

Live and act

Scoresby was an English whaler who made about 20 voyages in Nordic waters between 1803 and 1822. In 1806 he reached the highest geographical latitude (81 ° 30 'N) between Greenland and Svalbard with the whaling ship Resolution . In 1817 and 1818 he explored Spitsbergen and in 1822 was the first to land on the east coast of Greenland, which he partially mapped ( Scoresbysund ). Through his research, Scoresby recognized that ice also forms in the open sea and that pack ice extends continuously from Spitsbergen to Novaya Zemlya . From 1839 to 1852 Scoresby published his research on geomagnetism .

After his research trips, Scoresby studied theology at Cambridge .

In 1819 Scoresby was elected a member ( Fellow ) of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . In 1824 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society . In 1827 he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Académie des sciences .


In 1935 the lunar crater Scoresby was named after him by the IAU . In the Antarctic, William Scoresby Bay bears his name. The William Scoresby Archipelago is named after the research ship William Scoresby named after him.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. (PDF file) Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed April 6, 2020 .
  2. entry to Scoreby, William (1789 - 1857) in the archives of the Royal Society , London
  3. ^ List of members since 1666: Letter S. Académie des sciences, accessed on February 28, 2020 (French).