Wolfgang Stammler

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Wolfgang Stammler (born October 5, 1886 in Halle (Saale) ; † August 3, 1965 in Hösbach , district of Aschaffenburg ) was a German philologist and literary historian .


Wolfgang Stammler's father was the German legal philosopher Rudolf Stammler .

In 1908 he received his doctorate from the University of Halle and in 1911 became a senior teacher at the Leibniz School in Hanover . In 1914 he became a private lecturer for German language and literature at the Technical University of Hanover . At the First World War Stammler took part as an aviator. In 1918, Wolfgang Stammler was a professor at the University of Dorpat (now Tartu ), and from 1924 to 1936 at the University of Greifswald . He was involved in the book burning in Greifswald on May 10, 1933 . On October 15, 1933, Stammler joined the Navy SA as a Rottenführer. In 1936 he was forcibly retired. Utz Maas took the assumption that he had been "politically disciplined" (1996). Joachim Lerchenmüller and Gerd Simon (2009) contradicted such a view. That is "clearly wrong". The explanation lies rather in the “hopeless indebtedness due to an addiction”, in which his doctoral student Manfred Pechau was included as a lender. During the Second World War he was employed in the Air Force in the press and propaganda department in Norway.

When he retired, Stammler lived as a private scholar in Berlin, and from 1948 in Hösbach . From 1951 to 1957 he was a professor in Freiburg im Üechtland . He published mainly on literature from the Middle Ages and modern times . Throughout the time after the collapse of National Socialism and from his Swiss chair, he saw his subject with a völkisch tongue as the “science of the intellectual life of the German people”.

He was a member of the RSC-Corps Holsatia Berlin, Brunsviga, Marchia Greifswald (Honorary AH ), Franco-Guestphalia and SV Die Rodensteiner .


Since 1991 there has been a Wolfgang Stammler visiting professorship at the University of Freiburg im Üechtland .


  • Geibel's works. Critically reviewed and explained edition . 3 vol., Bibliographical Institute, Leipzig 1915.
  • History of Low German literature: from the oldest times to the present. BG Teubner, Leipzig 1920.
  • Dance of the Dead of the Middle Ages. Munich 1922.
  • German literature from naturalism to the present , Breslau 1924.
  • Real Lexicon of German Literary History (4 vols. 1926–1931, with Paul Merker ).
  • with Rudolf Hermann: Acts 27 in nautical lighting and the East German Bible translation of the Middle Ages. On Luther's doctrine of the unfree will , Berlin and Leipzig 1931.
  • with Georg Wolff (Ed.): Rudolf Fitzek. People on the border. A German minority drama in three acts , Breslau 1933.
  • Author's Lexicon - The German Literature of the Middle Ages (5 vols. Berlin and Leipzig 1933–1955, vol. 3–5 edited by Karl Langosch ).
  • with Ruth Westermann (Ed.): One faith carries us. Verses from the German Revolution , Breslau 1934.
  • with Georg Wolff (ed.): Eddalieder - Eddasprüche. Legends of heroes and gods , Breslau around 1934.
  • The dance of death. Origin and interpretation. Munich 1948.
  • (Ed.): Seeking Souls. Prose and verses from the German mysticism of the Middle Ages , Munich 1948.
  • German Philology in Outline (4 vols. 1952–1959); 2nd edition Berlin 1960; Reprinted there in 1966.
  • Small writings on the literary history of the Middle Ages . Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin 1953.


  • Utz Maas : Persecution and emigration of German-speaking linguists 1933–1945. Entry on Wolfgang Stammler (accessed: April 15, 2018).
  • Paul Trommsdorff: The faculty of the Technical University of Hanover 1831-1931. Hanover 1931, p. 136.
  • Alfred A. Schmid: Wolfgang Stammler . In: Walter Blank (ed.): Naturanschauung in the Middle Ages. Opening of the Wolfgang Stammler Visiting Professorship for German Philology at the University of Freiburg, Switzerland, on October 29, 1991 . Universitätsverlag, Freiburg / Switzerland 1994, pp. 11–16, ISBN 3-7278-0959-0 ( limited preview in the Google book search)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Marcus Gärtner: Continuity and Change in Modern German Literary Studies after 1945 . Aisthesis-Verlag, Bielefeld 1997, p. 308.
  2. ^ Gerhard Sauder: The burning of books. Hanser, Munich 1983, p. 229.
  3. Gerd Simon , Ulrich Schermaul: Chronologie Wolfgang Stammler (PDF; 131 kB), 2006, p. 10, accessed on December 21, 2013.
  4. ^ Utz Maas: Persecution and Emigration of German Linguists, 1933–1945. Osnabrück 1996, p. 46.
  5. Joachim Lerchenmüller / Gerd Simon with the participation of Stefan Blanz / Petra Geiling / Horst Junginger / Susanne Kirst / Ulrich Schermaul / Florian Vogel: In the run-up to the mass murder. German studies and secondary subjects in the Second World War. Tübingen 2009, 4th edition, p. 93 f., See: Gerd Simon with the participation of Ulrich Schermaul, Chronologie Stammler, Wolfgang, p. 2 .
  6. Gerd Simon with the help of Ulrich Schermaul, Chronologie Stammler, Wolfgang, p. 2 .
  7. Manfred Hentschel: With the Latin at the end. Spiegel series on the crisis and future of German universities, Hamburg 1970, p. 71.
  8. ^ CORPS - das Magazin (Deutsche Corpszeitung), 110th year, issue 1/2008, p. 25.
  9. Martin Haas (ed.): Die Rodensteiner 1898–1998 , p. 144.
  10. ^ Elisabeth Roth: Stammler, Wolfgang. In: IGL 1800–1950 , Volume 3. Ed. By Christoph König, Berlin / New York 2003, 1784.
  11. ^ Website of the Wolfgang Stammler visiting professorship , accessed on December 20, 2013.