Zichron Jaʿakov

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Zichron Jaʿakov
HaMeyasdim Street in Zichron Ja'akov
HaMeyasdim Street in Zichron Ja'akov
Basic data
hebrew : זיכרון יעקב
State : IsraelIsrael Israel
District : Haifa
Founded : 1882
Coordinates : 32 ° 34 '  N , 34 ° 57'  E Coordinates: 32 ° 34 '15 "  N , 34 ° 57' 6"  E
Height : 70  m
Area : 32.129  km²
Residents : 23,075 (as of 2018)
Population density : 718 inhabitants per km²
Community code : 9300
Time zone : UTC + 2
Community type: Local association
Zichron Jaʿakov (Israel)
Zichron Jaʿakov
Zichron Jaʿakov

Zichron Ja'akov ( Hebrew זיכרון יעקב, also other transcriptions) is a local association in the Israeli district of Haifa at the southern end of the Carmel Mountains . In 2018 it had 23,075 inhabitants. 23,075

The city was founded as a moshawa in 1882 by Jewish immigrants with the support of Baron Edmond de Rothschild . The name of the city ("Memory of Jacob") was chosen in honor of Rothschild's father, Jakob Rothschild .

In the first few years after the village was founded, Baron Rothschild initiated the planting of vines and a winery. A bottle factory was built on the nearby coast, in today's kibbutz Nachscholim . Even today, Israel's largest wine producer "Carmel" , which goes back to this foundation, has one of its headquarters in Zichron Ja'akov.

In August 1903 the first Knessia , a short-lived representation of the Yishuv , under the de facto leadership of Ussishkin , met in the JCA administration building in Zichron Ja'akov . A few months later this association dissolved again due to Herzl's negative attitude.

One of the sights of Zichron Ja'akov is Ramat haNadiv (the "hill of the benefactor"). There is the grave of Rothschild and his wife in a park; her remains were buried there on April 6, 1954, after they had been transported from France .

In the city there is also the Christian kibbutz Beth-El , which mainly produces bunker ventilation and filters. After the municipal institutions, it is the second largest employer in the region with around 600 Israeli workers who are not part of the kibbutz and almost 400 kibbutz employees. Other locations of the kibbutz are Binjamina , Shahak, Magen Shaul and Bnei Yehuda.


  • Sarah Aaronsohn (1890–1917), Jewish spy in the First World War against the Ottoman Empire

Web links

Commons : Zichron Ja'akov  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. אוכלוסייה ביישובים 2018 (population of the settlements 2018). (XLSX; 0.13 MB) Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , August 25, 2019, accessed May 11, 2020 .