Aeolia ( Greek Αἰολίς Aiolis , seldom Αἰολία Aiolia , Latin form Aeolia ) is an ancient landscape on the northwest coast of Asia Minor, populated by the Aeolians . Aeolia extended from the entrance of the Hellespont (today Dardanelles ) in the north to Hermos ( Gediz ) in the south. Aeolia bordered Mysia to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east .
In the 8th century BC The Aeolian cities formed a League of Twelve Cities (Dodekapolis): Kyme , Larisa , Neonteichos , Temnos , Cilla , Notion , Aegiroessa , Pitane , Aigai , Myrina , Gryneion and Smyrna .
699 BC BC Smyrna joined the Ionian League . The remaining cities were taken over by Kroisos , the last king of Lydia , who from about 556 BC. BC to 541 BC Ruled, conquered. The country has been ruled by the Persians since Cyrus II , later by the Macedonians , the Seleucids and the Attalids .
Attalus III. , the king of Pergamon , left Aeolia in 133 BC. In testamentary to the Roman Empire . Shortly thereafter, the Aiolis became part of the Roman province of Asia . When the Roman Empire was divided (395 AD), Aeolia became part of the eastern half, later the Byzantine Empire , and remained under Byzantine rule until it was conquered by the Turks at the beginning of the 15th century.
- Gustav Hirschfeld : Aiolis (3) . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume I, 1, Stuttgart 1893, Col. 1035 f.
- Horst Schäfer-Schuchardt: Ancient metropolises - gods, myths and legends. The Turkish Mediterranean coast from Troy to Ionia. Belser, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-7630-2385-2 , pp. 77-113. - (Overview of Pergamon and Phokaia )