19th (Bavarian) Infantry Regiment (Reichswehr)
The regiment was formed on January 1, 1921 from the Reichswehr Rifle Regiments 41 and 42 of the transitional army . On May 29, 1922, the regiment was given the regional designation "Bavarian" in addition to its name.
In the course of the expansion of the Reichswehr (see: arming the Wehrmacht ), the regiment was divided into the first wave in 1934 and the infantry regiments Munich (IR 19) and Augsburg (IR 40) were formed.
- Munich : Regimental staff, 1st battalion with staff and 13th ( MW ) company
- Augsburg : 2nd battalion with staff
- Kempten / Lindau : III. Battalion with staff
- Landshut : Training Battalion
|No.||Surname||Beginning of the appointment||End of appointment|
|1.||Colonel Friedrich von Haack||January 1, 1921||January 31, 1922|
|2.||Colonel Adolf von Ruith||February 1, 1922||October 30, 1923|
|3.||Colonel Martin von Dittelberger||November 1, 1923||January 31, 1925|
|4th||Colonel Karl von Prager||February 1, 1925||January 31, 1927|
|5.||Colonel Hugo von Pflügel||February 1, 1927||March 31, 1928|
|6th||Colonel Wilhelm Adam||April 1, 1928||September 30, 1929|
|7th||Colonel Hans von Hößlin||October 1, 1929||January 31, 1931|
|8th.||Colonel Max Schindler||February 1, 1931||February 28, 1933|
|9.||Colonel Karl Graf||March 1, 1933||July 31, 1935|
The regiment was under Infantry Leader VII of the 7th (Bavarian) Division in Munich.
The regiment consisted of the regimental staff with a news relay
- 1st battalion with staff and news relay, emerged from the Reichswehr-Schützen-Regiment 41,
- II. Battalion with staff and news relay, emerged from the Reichswehr-Schützen-Regiment 42,
- III. Battalion with staff and news relay, emerged from the Reichswehr-Schützen-Regiment 42,
- Supplementary battalion, from March 23, 1921 a training battalion, emerged from the Reichswehr Rifle Regiment 41.
Each field battalion was divided into three companies of three officers and 161 non-commissioned officers and men (3/161) as well as an MG company (4/126). In total, a battalion consisted of 18 officers and officials (including medical officers) and 658 men.
Armament and equipment
In the machine gun companies, the 1st platoon consisted of three groups with three MG 08 heavy machine guns on a carriage, drawn in four horses, the 2nd to 4th platoon consisted of three groups with three MG 08 heavy machine guns on a carriage, drawn in two horses.
The heaviest weapons in the regiment were the mortars in the 13th Company. The 1st train was equipped with two medium-sized launchers 17 cm, drawn in four horses, the 2nd and 3rd train with three light launchers 7.6 cm, driven in two horses.
Takeover of tradition
In 1921 the regiment took over the tradition of the old regiments.
- 1st Company: Infantry Body Regiment
- 2nd Company: Infantry Body Regiment
- 3rd Company: 1st Infantry Regiment "König"
- 4th Company: 2nd Infantry Regiment "Kronprinz"
- 5th Company: 3rd Infantry Regiment "Prince Karl of Bavaria"
- 6th Company: 1st Infantry Regiment "König"
- 7th Company: 3rd Infantry Regiment "Prince Karl of Bavaria"
- 8th Company: 1st Infantry Regiment "König"
- 9th Company: 20th Infantry Regiment "Prinz Franz"
- 10th Company: 1st Jäger Battalion "König"
- 11th Company: 12th Infantry Regiment "Prinz Arnulf"
- 12th Company: 1st Jäger Battalion "König"
- 13th Company: Bavarian Mine Thrower Troop
- 14th Company: 16th Infantry Regiment "Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany"
- 15th Company: 2nd Infantry Regiment "Kronprinz"
- 16th Company: 2nd Infantry Regiment "Kronprinz"
- Georg Tessin : German associations and troops 1918–1939 , Biblio, Osnabrück 1974, ISBN 3-7648-1000-9 , p. 194ff.
- Edgar Graf von Matuschka: Organization of the Reichsheeres , in: Handbook on German Military History 1648–1939 , Military History Research Office Freiburg (Breisgau) (Ed.), Part VI: Reichswehr and Republic (1918–1933) , Bernard & Graefe, Frankfurt am Main 1970 , Pp. 320-322.
- Georg Tessin : German associations and troops 1918–1939. Biblio Publishing House. Osnabrück 1974. ISBN 3-7648-1000-9 . P. 188.
- Kai Uwe Tapken : The Reichswehr in Bavaria from 1919 to 1924. Verlag Dr. Kovac. Hamburg 2002. ISBN 3-8300-0646-2 . P. 402.
- Dermot Bradley (ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter battalions, military district commanders and training directors from the foundation or list until 1939. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . P. 503.
- Decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt, of August 24, 1921