Infantry Regiment 9 (Wehrmacht)
9th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment
" Fridericus Rex " the monogram of the Prussian kings.
From November 1942 troop registration of the 23rd Infantry Division
|active||October 1, 1920 as part of the Reichswehr until May 8, 1945|
|Armed forces||Reichswehr / Wehrmacht|
|Branch of service||infantry|
|Nickname||Regiment "Count Nine"|
The regiment was deployed in the 23rd Infantry Division in the northern section of the front during the German invasion of Poland . Together with the 3rd Panzer Division , fighting took place to occupy the Polish corridor between Pomerania and East Prussia . Then the regiment marched through East Prussia to advance on the far eastern edge of the front in the direction of Białystok .
In October it was moved to the western border of Germany in the Gemünd area . From here it went on May 10, 1940 at the beginning of the western campaign across the German- Luxembourg border and advanced via Bastogne to the Meuse near Charleville . After the Maas had been overcome, the Aisne was reached at Rethel and crossed in the second phase of the western campaign . After fighting in the Champagne region , Maîche and Montbéliard were reached on the Swiss border and the demarcation line secured.
As early as September 1940, the regiment moved to East Prussia and remained there until the start of the German attack on the Soviet Union . In June 1941 it was subordinate to the 4th Army in Army Group Center, with which it advanced towards Narew . After that, it took part in the Bialystok - Minsk battle and continued towards Berezina . During the German attack on Moscow , the division fought at Vyazma and Moshaisk . After the failed attack, the withdrawal dragged on until the end of February.
In June 1942 the 23rd Infantry Division moved to Charleroi in Belgium . There it was disbanded and almost all units came to the newly established 26th Panzer Division . The 9th Infantry Regiment was renamed the 9th Panzer Grenadier Regiment and the entire staff was taken over.
The regiment was also referred to as the “Count Nine” regiment because there were many nobles serving in its ranks . It was often considered the most exclusive regiment of the Reichswehr or later the Wehrmacht. Of the 29 staff officers and captains who served in IR 9 in 1933, 21 “Neuner members” and former members of the regiment emerged as resistance members. They included Henning von Tresckow , Ferdinand von Lüninck , Helmut von Gottberg , Axel von dem Bussche and others.
Locations in Potsdam
In 1939 the regiment was in the following locations:
- Regimental staff, Staff II. Battalion, 4th, 8th, 13th, 14th company, staff company in the Adolf Hitler barracks in Pappelallee 8 in the north of Potsdam , today's campus of the Potsdam University of Applied Sciences . ( )
- Staff I. Battalion, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 9th, 11th company in the SEMPER – TALIS barracks in Priesterstraße 2–8 (today's Police Inspection Potsdam in Henning-von-Tresckow-Straße) ( )
- Staff III. Battalion, 10th, 12th company in the Hindenburg barracks at Jägerallee 23 ( )
- 5th, 7th, 8th company in the Jäger barracks in Jägerallee 10-12 ( )
The regiment had the following structure, typical for the Wehrmacht:
- Regimental staff : regimental commander , adjutant , orderly officer , intelligence officer, captain on staff
- Staff platoon
- News train
- Pioneer train
- 3 battalions , each with 3 Infantry - companies and a machine gun -Kompanie
- 1 infantry gun company (13th company)
- 1 Panzerjäger Company (14th Company)
- Colonel Friedrich von Taysen October 1, 1920 to June 15, 1921
- Colonel Richard von Pawelsz from June 16, 1921 to October 31, 1922
- Colonel Friedbert Lademann from November 1, 1922 to January 31, 1926
- Colonel Kai Meyn from February 1, 1926 to January 31, 1928
- Colonel Wolfgang Fleck from February 1, 1928 to January 31, 1929
- Colonel Hans Feige from February 1, 1929 to January 31, 1931
- Colonel Ewald von Kleist from February 1 to December 31, 1931
- Colonel Ernst Busch from January 1, 1932 to October 14, 1935
- Colonel Walther Fischer von Weikersthal from October 15, 1935 to September 30, 1936
- Colonel Werner von Gilsa from October 6, 1936 to January 31, 1941
- Colonel Adolf Raegener from February 15 to December 10, 1941
- Colonel Kuno Dewitz from January 19, 1942 until the end of the war
Known members of the regiment
- Friedrich Altrichter , Lieutenant General of the Wehrmacht and military writer
- Wolf von Baudissin , Lieutenant General in the German Armed Forces , co-developer of the Inner Leadership Concept , peace researcher
- Philipp von Bismarck , great-grandnephew of Chancellor , resistance fighters of July 20, 1944 , CDU - member of the Bundestag
- Eberhard of block (1923-2019), was a Gen. of the army of the German Federal Armed Forces
- Hasso von Boehmer , resistance fighter on July 20, 1944
- Axel von dem Bussche , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Wilhelm Dieckmann , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Hans Karl Fritzsche , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Ludwig von Hammerstein-Equord , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944, director of the RIAS
- Carl-Hans Graf von Hardenberg , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944, co-founder of the relief organization July 20, 1944
- Paul von Hase , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Friedrich Karl Klausing , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944, founder of the Munich Security Conference
- Hans Otfried von Linstow , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Ferdinand von Lüninck , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Ekkehard Maurer , German manager
- Georg-Sigismund von Oppen , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Kurt von Plettenberg , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944, head of the general administration of the formerly ruling Prussian royal family
- Alexis Freiherr von Roenne , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenburg , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Henning von Tresckow , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Hans-Alexander von Voss , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Richard von Weizsäcker , later Governing Mayor of Berlin , then Federal President
- Achim von Willisen , forest scientist and resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Kurt Weckmann , Lieutenant General of the Wehrmacht, later President of the Clausewitz Society and was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit
- 1st Company: 1st Guards Regiment on foot
- 2nd Company: 3rd Guards Regiment on foot
- 3rd Company: Fusilier Regiment "Prince Heinrich of Prussia" (Brandenburg) No. 35
- 4th Company: Prussian Air Force
- 5th Company: Castle Guard Company
- 6th Company: Guard Jäger Battalion
- 7th Company: Infantry Regiment “General-Field Marshal Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia” (8th Brandenburg) No. 64
- 8th Company: 1st Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 130
- 9th & 12th Company: Kaiser Alexander Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 1
- 10th Company: 4th Guards Regiment on foot
- 11th Company: 2nd Guards Regiment on foot
- 13th Company: Protection Force for German East Africa
- Training Battalion: Training Infantry Battalion
- Wolfgang Paul: The Potsdamer Infantry Regiment 9, 1918–1945. Text volume and document volume, Osnabrück 1983, 2nd edition 1985, ISBN 3-7648-1448-9 .
- Georg Tessin : Associations and troops of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen SS in World War II 1939–1945. Volume 3: The Land Forces 6-14 . 2nd Edition. Biblio-Verlag, Bissendorf 1974, ISBN 3-7648-0942-6 .
- Werner Haupt : The German Infantry Divisions , Dörfler Zeitgeschichte, ISBN 3-89555-274-7 .
- Images of the barracks of IR 9 in Potsdam, accessed on August 19, 2010
- History of IR 9 in Potsdam, accessed on August 19, 2010
- Bernd Wegner: Hitler's Political Soldiers: Die Waffen-SS 1933–1945 , 8th edition, Paderborn 2008, p. 82.
- Werner Haupt: The German infantry divisions .
- Count Nine with a balloon cap . In: Der Spiegel . No. 3 , 1967, p. 34 ( online - January 9, 1967 ).
- Undisputed substitute monarch . Stuttgarter Zeitung of April 15, 2010, accessed on December 4, 2010