Adalbert Bezzenberger

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Adalbert Bezzenberger (copper engraving by Heinrich Wolff )

Adalbert Bezzenberger (born April 14, 1851 in Cassel ; † October 31, 1922 in Königsberg i. Pr. ) Was a German linguist and prehistory researcher in Göttingen and Königsberg. He is considered the founder of Baltic philology .


Adalbert Bezzenberger was the son of the Germanist Heinrich Ernst Bezzenberger. From 1859 to 1869 he attended the Lyceum Fridericianum in Kassel. During his studies at the University of Göttingen , Theodor Benfey guided him from German studies and history to comparative linguistics , in which Bezzenberger was awarded a doctorate in 1872. phil. received his doctorate . In 1873 he went to the University of Munich , where Martin Haug aroused his interest in Indo-European languages . During his studies he became a member of the Germania Göttingen fraternity in the Schwarzburgbund in the winter semester of 1869/70 . In 1874 he completed his habilitation on a linguistic topic in Göttingen and was appointed private lecturer . In 1879, Bezzenberger was appointed full professor of Sanskrit at the Albertus University in Königsberg . There he founded the philology of the Baltic languages . With the archeology of the Baltic States, he opened up a third field of work.

Bezzenberger at the bowling evening of the Association for Scientific Medicine

Bezzenberger was considered the strongest personality among the Königsberg professors. In 1890/91 he was the managing prorector and after the abdication of the Hohenzollern in 1919/20 and 1920/21 the first rector of the Albertus University. Bezzenberger did not rely on the support of the Prussian government, but also resorted to self-help. He founded the Universitätsbund, whose members, in addition to the trade associations, were also numerous farmers, tradespeople and members of the liberal professions. Regional Councilor Reinhart Bezzenberger was a son.



"The voice of history is more important to us than political doctrine." (1920)

"If it does not succeed in making Königsberg a center of attraction and meeting place for researchers and teachers to a much higher degree than has been the case up to now, we run the risk that the most capable lecturers and also the most industrious students will migrate from us."

"Only if the Königsberg University becomes first-class can it remain a bulwark of Germany and counter the danger that the supremacy of German science will be knocked out of its hands by the founding of Riga or Vilna."


  • Contributions to the history of the Lithuanian language. based on Lithuanian texts from the 16th and 17th centuries . Peppmüller Verlag, Göttingen 1877.
  • The Curonian Spit and its Inhabitants Engelhorn, Stuttgart 1889 (research on German regional and folklore; 3–4).
  • Latvian dialect studies . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1885.
  • Lithuanian research. Contributions to the knowledge of the language and folklore of the Lithuanians . Peppmüller Verlag, Göttingen 1882.
  • Session report of the ancient history of Prussia . 1892.
  • About the language of the Prussian Latvians . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1888.
  • Analysis of prehistoric bronzes from East Prussia. Dedicated to the memory of its former chairman Georg Bujak by the Prussia antiquity society on its 60th anniversary . Gräfe & Unzer, Königsberg 1904.
  • Contributions to customer of the Indo-European languages . 1877-1906.
  • Lithuanian and Latvian prints of the 16th century . Peppmüller Verlag, Göttingen 1874/84 (6 vol.).
  • In memory of the members of the Prussian Landtag and the dead of the Prussian Landwehr and the Prussian National Cavalry Regiment in 1813 and 1814 . Revision. Rautenberg publishing house, Königsberg 1900.


Web links

Wikisource: Adalbert Bezzenberger  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Leopold Petri (ed.): Directory of members of the Schwarzburgbund. 4th edition, Bremerhaven 1908, p. 8, no. 157.
  2. ^ Siegfried Schindelmeiser: The history of the Corps Baltia II zu Königsberg i. Pr. (1970-1985). New edition by Rüdiger Döhler and Georg von Klitzing, Munich 2010, vol. 2, p. 191 f.
  3. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 40.
  4. ^ Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Adalbert Bezzenberger. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed July 31, 2015 .
  5. a b c Götz von Selle: History of the Albertus University in Königsberg i. Pr ., 2nd edition. Holzner Verlag, Würzburg 1956, p. 346 f.