|Synonyms||Lairén, Aidé, Valdepeñas, Manchega - for more see the Synonyms section|
|Art||Grape vine ( Vitis vinifera subsp. Vinifera )|
|List of grape varieties|
Airén is a white wine variety that is only grown in Spain . In Andalusia it is also called 'Lairén' or 'Aidé' and in La Mancha it is usually referred to as 'Valdepeñas' or 'Manchega'.
The autochthonous white wine variety, which was already known in the Middle Ages, comes from Spain.
With more than 252,364 hectares (as of 2010), this grape variety ranks third among the world's most widely grown grape varieties for wine production. However, their acreage is in decline. At the end of the 1980s it was more than 476,300 hectares. Compared to the year 2000, the area decreased by 35%. Nevertheless, more than a quarter of the Spanish vineyards or almost twice the total vineyards in Germany , Austria and Switzerland are planted with this vine. The variety is not known or represented outside of Spain.
It is relatively undemanding and very resistant to heat and drought. This makes it ideal for growing in hot climates. In La Mancha it was exceptionally large stick intervals, only 1,200 to 1,600 vines / ha planted, and mostly in low bush form educated . In other wine-growing areas, the density of vines is 3,000 to 5,000 vines / ha.
The grape variety is used to produce light yellow, neutral wine with a high alcohol content . This was traditionally used for both white and red wine production (mostly in central Spain), often blended with dark grapes, e.g. B. Tempranillo , used to make a light red wine. The resulting wines are often very rustic, prone to oxidation and of poor quality. A blending of a red wine with a white wine variety is prohibited according to current legal regulations.
The Airén wines are also used as the base wine for the distillation of Spanish brandies .
It is only through the use of modern cellar technology , such as temperature control and the associated controlled fermentation, that Airén is fermented into fresh, dry, quick-to-drink white wines. In several ways, the Spanish variety can be compared to the French Ugni Blanc , which is used to make cognac .
The grape variety is also known by 26 other names: Aiden, Blanc Du Zerhoun, Blancon, Burra Blanca, Burrablanca, Colgadera, El Biod, El Biodh, El Karim, Forcallada, Forcallat, Forcallat Blanca, Forcallat Blanco, Forcellat Bianca, Forcellat Blanca, historical: Datilera, Laeren de Rey, Lairen, Layren, Manchega, Mantuo Laeren, Valdepenas, Valdepenera, Valdepenera Blanca, Valdepenero, Zerhouni .
- Hans Ambrosi, Bernd HE Hill, Erika Maul, First H. Rühl, Joachim Schmid, Fritz Schuhmann: Color Atlas of Grape Varieties. 3. Edition. Eugen Ulmer, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8001-5957-4 .
- Pierre Galet : Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages . 1st edition. Hachette Livre, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-01-236331-8 .
- Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon . 3rd revised edition. Gräfe and Unzer Verlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-8338-0691-9 .
- Jancis Robinson , Julia Harding, José Vouillamoz : Wine Grapes. A complete guide to 1368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavors . 1st edition. ecco, 2012, ISBN 978-0-06-220636-7 .
- Hans Jörg Böhm: Grape Variety Atlas Spain and Portugal. History, terroir and ampelography . 1st edition. Eugen Ulmer, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8001-7682-3 .
- ↑ a b Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon . 3rd edition, Hallwag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8338-0691-9 .
- ↑ Hans Ambrosi, Bernd HE Hill, Erika Maul, first H. Rühl, Joachim Schmid, Fritz Schuhmann: color atlas grape varieties. 3. Edition. Eugen Ulmer, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8001-5957-4 .
- ↑ Anderson, K. and NR Aryal: Database of Regional, National and Global Winegrape Bearing Areas by Variety, 2000 and 2010, Wine Economics Research Center, University of Adelaide, December 2013 (first revision April 2014) (second revision May 2014) ( third revision July 2014).
- ↑ Airén in the database Vitis International Variety Catalog of the Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof (English), accessed on January 15, 2020