Airedale Terrier

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Airedale Terrier
Airedale Terrier
uncut young Airedale Terrier
FCI Standard No. 7
  • Group 3: Terriers
  • Section 1: Tall terriers
Origin :

Great Britain

Alternative names:

Waterside Terrier, Bingley Terrier

Withers height:

Males 58–61 cm.
Bitches 56–59 cm


22 to 30 kg

Breeding standards:

FCI , AKC , ANKC ( Memento from February 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), CKC , KC (UK) , NZKC , UKC

List of domestic dogs

The Airedale Terrier is an FCI recognized British breed of dog ( FCI Group 3, Section 1, Standard No. 7 ).

Origin and history

The name probably refers to "dale" ( English: valley) of the River Aire in the English county of Yorkshire , Great Britain. The breed may also have its origins in this area. It is very likely that in the middle of the 19th century the farmers and workers in the valley of the river “Aire” bred a versatile dog from the breeds otter dog and medium-sized English terrier . Even Gordon Setter and Scottish shepherds said to have been crossed. The first mentions refer to him as a "waterside" or "working terrier". In 1875 the first dogs of this breed were exhibited under the name "Waterside-" or "Bingley Terrier". It was not until 1880 that the current name “Airedale Terrier” was used at breeding shows . The first entries in the stud book were made in 1882. In 1886 the English Kennel Club also officially recognized the breed. It should be noted that the years of the breed history in literature and on the Internet differ greatly.


The "Airedale Terrier" is a robust, very muscular dog with hard, thick and wiry hair and a lot of undercoat . The fur may no longer work in today's shaggy breed standards. The colors of the head, ears and legs are tan (the “tan” in English), while the back and flanks are black or dark gray, and very rarely brown. At 58 to 61 cm, males are significantly larger than 56 to 59 cm in females. This makes him the largest (English) terrier breed, weighing around 22 to 30 kg.

With regular trimming, this breed does not shed and is therefore easy to keep in an apartment if properly raised.


After the Fox Terrier , the Airedale Terrier is the best-known terrier in German-speaking countries, as this breed was used as a service dog by the police and, above all, by the military before the German Shepherd Dog . This diversity in its capabilities is due to the different uses in the area of ​​origin. The farmers, hunters , miners and factory workers used these dogs for hunting , especially the popular otter hunting , herding work, guard duties and even dog fighting . Despite its rough and shaggy appearance in the first years of breeding, it served as the preferred companion dog for ladies in London at the end of the 19th century .

In 1894 there was a recommendation because of the particularly good suitability for army service in the German military. There were experiments with different dog breeds, whereby the "Airedale Terriers" were particularly robust and versatile. During the First World War all army dogs in Germany were of this breed. When dogs were sampled during World War II , the “Airedale Terriers” were 33% of the eligible dogs ahead of the Doberman and Boxer breeds .


Airedale Terriers are known to be eager to learn, the breed standard describes them as intelligent. In addition, the animals are often characterized by liveliness and are kept as family dogs due to their friendly nature.

Hereditary diseases

In addition to congenital hip dysplasias and other less dramatic hereditary diseases, there is the breeding-related finding of juvenile nephropathy or "juvenile renal disease", abbreviated to JRD, which is relatively high in the Airedale Terrier, in studies up to 11.5% of the Animals. Within a year, this disease can lead to sudden, in individual cases mostly etiologically unexplained or explained by a suspected unspecific "poisoning", irreversible kidney failure and thus to the early death of the animal.

Movie dog

An Airedale Terrier embodied the computer dog Ressi ( Setti in the German version ) in the well-known Soviet children's film The Electronic Doppelganger (1979 ).

Web links

Commons : Airedale Terrier  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Canine Juvenile Nephropathies: A Retrospective Study in Google Book Search
  2. ^ Renal (Kidney) Issues in Airedales , Airedale Health Foundation