Alfred von Scholtz

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Alfred von Scholtz around 1890

Alfred von Scholtz (born September 9, 1850 in Dresden ; † March 17, 1934 in Breslau ) was a German civil engineer , town planner and construction officer . From 1894 to 1924 he was the city planner for civil engineering and urban development (planning department) in Wroclaw.


Little is known about Alfred von Scholtz's youth and education. In 1874 he worked in Weimar as an engineer building the Weimar-Geraer railway . He worked in Chemnitz until 1886 and in April of that year was appointed to the position of urban planning inspector in the civil engineering department in Wroclaw as the successor to Richard Eger, who moved to Berlin.

On June 28, 1894, he was elected by the Breslau City Council (city council) to the civil engineering department and member of the magistrate, after the office had remained vacant for almost a year since the death of Ferdinand Alexander Kaumann . After the twelve-year term, he was elected to a second term and then to a third. With 30 years in office (two and a half terms) he was the longest-serving building or planning department in the history of Wroclaw. During this time he worked with the town planning officers for building construction (building department) Richard Plüddemann and Max Berg . In his role he led a. a. the Geometric Bureau , which created the alignment and area distribution plans for the expanding city at the turn of the century . Thus he was largely responsible for the urban development of Wroclaw at that time. His zoning plans were creatively influenced by the theories of Camillo Sitte . However, they were limited to the definition of the street spaces without specifying the permissible type and extent of the land use and were therefore less progressive. Furthermore, von Scholtz was in charge of the planning of the urban supply and disposal infrastructure and, last but not least, he planned numerous engineering structures , including several Oder and Oder canal bridges. From 1897 to 1902 he supervised the construction of the new Oder port. In 1905, von Scholtz sat in the jury of the architecture competition for the Kaiserbrücke , which he later also constructed. In 1921 he was a specialist judge alongside Paul Bonatz , Max Berg, Bruno Möhring and Fritz Schumacher in the competition for the expansion of the city of Breslau. In 1918 he was chairman of the association of senior technical officials in German cities . In 1919 his official designation was changed to Stadtbaurat für Städtebau , thus taking into account the expanded understanding of the tasks since 1894.

On September 30, 1924, he was forced to retire due to the old age law . This happened a few months after the death of the city councilor for mechanical engineering Matthias Wirtz and the council builder Karl Klimm . At the beginning of 1925, the city councilor for building construction, Max Berg, resigned from his office. This resulted in a fundamental change in personnel in the city planning offices within a few months. His long-time employee Günther Trauer was elected Scholtz's successor .


In the spring of 1904 Alfred von Scholtz was awarded the Red Eagle Order IV class and in October 1916 the honorary title of Privy Building Councilor. After his retirement, on November 27, 1924, von Scholtz was awarded an honorary citizenship of the city of Wroclaw, as well as an honorary doctorate (Dr.-Ing. E. h.) From the Technical University of Wroclaw in early 1926 in special recognition of his extensive and beneficial construction work for the capital Wroclaw .

Work (incomplete)

Urban planning

  • Escape line plans from Wroclaw, in collaboration with Alfred Frühwirt:
    • Kaiser Wilhelm Quarter (now Południe ), 1895
    • Oder and Sand suburbs, 1896; Revision 1905
    • Nikolai-Vorstadt, 1896
    • Kleinburg villa colony (Breslau) , 1898
  • Wroclaw zoning plans, 1904 and 1912
  • Eichborngarten settlement (Breslau-Gräbschen), from 1907, later in collaboration with Max Berg

Engineering structures

Pass bridge Breslau, structural planning: A. von Scholtz, A. Frühwirt
Gröschelbrücke Breslau, structural planning: A. von Scholtz
  • Pass bridge (now most Zwierzyniecki ) , structural planning , with Alfred Frühwirt, Richard Plüddemann and Karl Klimm, 1897
  • Gröschelbrücke (later Rathenaubrücke, now most Osobowicki ), structural planning , with Richard Plüddemann and Karl Klimm, 1897
  • Kaiserbrücke (later Freiheitsbrücke, now most Grunwaldzki ), structural design, with Martin Mayer, Robert Weyrauch and Richard Plüddemann, 1908–1910
  • Hindenburg Bridge (later most Karłowicki , now mosty Warszawskie Środkowy and - Wschodni), Project management, with Günther Trauer, 1914–1916
  • Rosentaler Brücke (now most Trzebnicki Północny ), project management, with Günther Trauer, 1914–1916


  • Agnieszka Gryglewska: Architektura Wrocławia XIX – XX wieku w twórczości Richarda Plüddemanna . Oficyna Wydawnicza PWr, Wrocław 1999, ISBN 83-7085-386-2 , p. 46, 59, 96, 217, 218 .
  • Jan Harasimowicz (ed.): Atlas architektury Wrocławia. tape I . Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskie, Wrocław 1997, ISBN 83-7023-592-1 , p. 263 .
  • Jan Harasimowicz (ed.): Atlas architektury Wrocławia. tape II . Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskie, Wrocław 1998, ISBN 83-7023-679-0 , p. 139, 163, 167 .
  • Wanda Kononowicz: Wrocław. Kierunki rozwoju urbanistycznego w okresie międzywojennym . Oficyna Wydawnicza PWr, Wrocław 1997, ISBN 83-7085-288-2 , p. 29, 31, 42-43, 49 .
  • The new buildings of the Hindenburg Bridge and the Rosental Bridge in Wroclaw . In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape 36 , no. 68 , 23 August 1916, p. 453-454 ( ).
  • Halina Okólska: Nadburmistrzowie i inni urzędnicy Magistratu Wrocławia 1808-1933 . Oficyna Wydawniczo-Reklamowa Hanna Wolska, Wrocław 2007, ISBN 978-83-60885-28-4 , p. 55 ( [PDF]).

Individual evidence

  1. Some recent Polish-language sources, such as Harasimowicz, Atlas ... and Okólska, Nadburmistrzowie ... give the name as von Schol z , while other sources, including mentions from his lifetime, mention him by Schol tz .
  2. a b c Okólska, Nadburmistrzowie ... p. 55.
  3. a b c d e Kononowicz, Wrocław. Kierunki rozwoju urbanistycznego ... p. 29.
  4. Okólska, op. Cit. attributes him a scientific career and the title of professor . This is not confirmed in the contemporary sources.
  5. It was mentioned in a bizarre context. During the construction of the railway a tooth of the Rhinoceros Tihorhinus was unearthed, which von Scholtz gave to Hanns Bruno Geinitz for scientific analysis ; Meeting reports of the scientific society ISIS in Dresden . 1–3 (January – March), 1874, pp. 1 ( [PDF]).
  6. Staff news . In: Deutsche Bauzeitung . tape  20 , no. 35 , May 1, 1886, p. 212 ( [PDF]).
  7. Gryglewska: Architektura Wrocławia XIX – XX wieku… p. 95.
  8. Harasimowicz: Atlas achitektury Wrocławia. Volume I, p. 263.
  9. Gryglewska: op. Cit. P. 59.
  10. Kononowicz: op. Cit. P. 31.
  11. Misc . In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape  38 , no. 75-76 , September 14, 1918, pp. 376 ( digitized version ).
  12. Official notices . In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape  24 , no. 41 , May 21, 1904, pp. 261 ( digitized version ).
  13. Official notices . In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape  36 , no. 85 , October 21, 1916, p. 553 ( digitized version ).
  14. Misc . In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape  46 , no. 7 , February 17, 1926, p. 80 ( digitized version ).
  15. Gryglewska, op. Cit. , P. 96.
  16. Harasimowicz, Atlas achitektury Wrocławia. Volume II, p. 139
  17. a b Gryglewska, op. Cit. , P. 217.
  18. Harasimowicz, Atlas achitektury Wrocławia. Volume II, p. 163.
  19. Gryglewska, op. Cit. , P. 218.
  20. a b Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung, 68/1916 , Die Neubauten ...
predecessor Office successor
Ferdinand Alexander Kaumann Wroclaw City Planning Council (civil engineering and urban development)
Günther mourning