life and work
Anders Zorn was born as Anders Leonardsson in Yvraden near Mora in 1860. His father, Johann Leonhard Zorn, was a German brewer from Reichenberg , his mother, Grudd Anna Andersdotter, worked as a seasonal worker in Uppsala . Zorn's parents met in a brewery in Uppsala, where they both worked at the time. The relationship was short, there was never any question of marriage, and Zorn never met his father (who died in Helsinki in 1872). Even so, he later decided to take his last name.
Since his mother had no time for her son because of her work in Uppsala, Zorn first grew up on his grandparents' farm in Yvraden. He soon moved to Enköping to start his school education there. His teacher noticed early on the extraordinary artistic talent of young Zorn. He drew pencil sketches of his classmates, pictures of Enköping, and made some remarkable woodcuts of people and horses, many of which are now on display in the Zorn Museum in Mora.
In 1875, at the age of 15, Zorn began studying art at the Royal Academy of Arts in Stockholm, which, coming from a poor family, he could only afford through his father's small inheritance and the support of the German brewery company in Stockholm.
After Zorn had initially dealt with woodworking, he soon concentrated on painting with watercolors - possibly influenced by a visit to a memorial exhibition for the recently deceased Egron Sellif Lundgren . At a student exhibition in 1880 he presented his first important watercolor , “In Trauer” ( I care ), which earned him high recognition in the art scene. He quickly made a name for himself as a good portrait draftsman and in the following years received many commissions from wealthy Swedish families. On one of these assignments he met Emma Lamm, the daughter of a wealthy Jewish family. The two became engaged in June 1881. Emma Lamm's family liked the young man, but the young artist's financial situation did not allow him to support a family; marriage was therefore out of the question at this point in time.
To continue his studies and to earn enough money to support a family, Zorn left his home in Sweden. During the four years that he spent mainly in England and Spain , he was able to improve his style significantly. He spent a lot of time studying the movement and reflections of water's surfaces. With this new knowledge he later created works such as "Summer Pleasure" ( Sommarnöje ). His work “Liebes-Nymphe” ( Kärleksnymf ) was also created in Madrid in 1883 , which finally secured his reputation as a renowned artist. The pictorial representation of naked women also influenced the painter Brynolf Wennerberg . He received commissions from various members of the Portuguese and Spanish nobility , from which he benefited not only artistically but also financially.
After returning to Sweden, Zorn married Emma Lamm in the autumn of 1885. On their honeymoon to Hungary and Turkey ill anger Konstantin Opel difficult at a typhoid fever. It wasn't until three months later that he had recovered enough for the couple to continue their journey.
From Sweden, Zorn made many other trips to Spain, North Africa and England. In 1888 he presented at the Paris Salon his work "Fischer in St. Ives" ( Fiskare i Saint Ives ) and the portraits of ballet dancer Rosita Mauri and journalists Antonin Proust , which earned him considerable success.
From the 1890s onwards, Zorn tried to convince the German art market of his works. In 1890 he received an order from the director of the Hamburger Kunsthalle , Alfred Lichtwark , to produce a watercolor with a port motif, which Lichtwark wanted to include in his “Collection of Pictures from Hamburg”. This picture was completed in 1891, but only exhibited in the Hamburger Kunsthalle from 1901. It was Zorn's etchings that were shown in two exhibitions in Hamburg as early as 1892 and that helped him achieve his breakthrough in Germany. The Port of Hamburg was Lichtwark's only commission for a painting, but by the time he died, Lichtwark bought a total of 42 etchings by Zorn, which later became the property of the Kunsthalle Hamburg. Further exhibitions followed, especially in Berlin, Dresden and Munich, so that Zorn became known in Germany in this way. In 1893 Zorn began to produce works for large industrialists and politicians in the USA. During this time he created a well-known portrait of the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, Grover Cleveland , and the 27th President William Howard Taft . In 1896 he received a large gold medal at the International Art Exhibition in Berlin .
Zorn later returned to Sweden and mainly painted landscapes and nudes . He also dealt with sculpture again and created sculptures such as "Nymphe und Faun" ( Nymf Och Faun ) or a statue by Gustav Vasa .
Anders Zorn died in Mora in 1920 at the age of 60.
Wrath Museum Mora
Anders Zorn bequeathed his entire legacy (worth the equivalent of over 6 million US dollars) to the Swedish state with the condition that a museum should be set up to display not only his own works, but also his considerable collection of international art. The Zorn Museum, opened in 1939, is now in his hometown of Mora.
- Large gold medal at the International Art Exhibition in Berlin (1896)
- Member of the Legion of Honor (Knight)
- Zorn Museum in Mora
- Erik Forssman : Anders Zorn 1860-1920 . Exhibition catalog for the exhibition at the Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf .
- Jens Christian Jensen (Ed.): Anders Zorn 1860 - 1920 paintings, watercolors, drawings, etchings . Exhibition catalog for the exhibitions in Kiel 1989 and Munich 1990. ISBN 3-923701-36-5 .
- Celilia Lengefeld: Anders Zorn. An artist career in Germany (Zorn Resor, konst i kommers i Tyksland, 2000). Reimer Verlag, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-496-01292-7 .
- Birgitta Sandström: Anders Zorn . National Museum, Stockholm 2005, ISBN 91-27-11172-5 .
- Eva Ditteney: Scandinavians in Berlin. Investigation of the painting by Lovis Corinth , Akseli Gallen-Kallela , Walter Leistikow , Max Liebermann , Edvard Munch and Anders Zorn based on their exhibition activities in Berlin between 1892 and 1910 . Dissertation, University of Freiburg / B. 2010.
- Alexander Bastek (ed.): Anders Zorn, the Swedish impressionist . Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-86568-741-8 (catalog of the exhibition of the same name, Behnhaus , Lübeck, January 15 to April 15, 2012).
- Zorn Collection - Website of the Zorn Museum in Mora with an overview of the exhibition and contact information (Swedish / German / English)
- Oil Paintings - Anders Zorn at America's Wholesale Oil Paintings
- Zorn retrospective - special exhibition in the Lübeck Museum Behnhaus Drägerhaus : "The Swedish impressionist Anders Zorn" January 15 - April 15, 2012
- Press release
- He could do it just as damn well - article by Ingeborg Ruthe in the Berliner Zeitung on January 23, 2012
- Saint Gaudens and Anders Zorn by William E. Hagans - This article first appeared in the summer 2002 issue of American Art.
- Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master Painter . November 9, 2013 - February 2, 2014. This exhibition is organized by the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and the Zornmuseet in association with the Nationalmuseum, Stockholm.
- Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master Painter is on view February 27 - May 18, 2014 . National Academy Museum, New York
- Anders Zorn, work of art of the month September 2016 in the Museum Kunstpalast
- Anders Zorn's biography (in English) Zorn Museum, Mora
- Tanja Bernsau: Anders Zorn's watercolor "Hamburgs Hafen" and its connections to Germany
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Zorn, Anders Leonard (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swedish painter, printmaker and sculptor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 18, 1860|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Yvraden near Mora|
|DATE OF DEATH||22nd August 1920|
|Place of death||Mora|