Arno von Moyzischewitz
Origin, youth and first world war
Moyzischewitz was a son of the Prussian Major General Louis Willy von Moyzischewitz (1856-1919) and his wife Emilie, nee Kalle, a daughter of the paint industrialist and Reichstag member Kalle. At the time of the son's birth, Louis von Moyzischewitz was a lieutenant colonel in command of the 1st Upper Alsatian Field Artillery Regiment No. 15 in Strasbourg. Moyzischewitz's ancestors on the paternal side came from East Prussia , while the ancestors on the maternal side came from the Rhineland .
Moyzischewitz completed his school days at the Protestant grammar school in Strasbourg. Originally intended for a diplomatic career, he instead joined the Prussian Army after his school days and became an active officer: With a patent from November 19, 1907, Moyzischewitz was appointed lieutenant in Dragoon Regiment No. 7 in Saarbrücken .
After a long stay in Switzerland , Moyzischewitz studied French and history at two French universities. In 1912 he passed the interpreting exam at the Paris Sorbonne . In 1914 he moved to the newly established Jäger Regiment on Horse No. 12 in Saint-Avold . Shortly before the outbreak of the First World War , Moyzischewitz published a German-French dictionary that was used by many German soldiers during the war to communicate with the French population in the occupied territories.
In the early stages of World War I, Moyzischewitz was used as a patrol leader. In this role he was so distinguished that the Prussian Crown Prince Wilhelm made him the educator of his children, an activity that he carried out from 1915 to 1917. During this time Moyzischewitz married Herta Heidborn in 1916, a granddaughter of the privy councilor Carl Röchling , the founder of Röchling'schen Eisen- und Stahlwerke, with whom he had a son.
During the war years Moyzischewitz received the Iron Cross of both classes and various other war medals.
After the end of his work for the family of the crown prince, Moyzischewitz was employed as a general staff officer and then from 1917 to 1918 in the rank of captain in various higher staffs. a. in the Great General Staff . It was there that he met the then Major Kurt von Schleicher , with whom he formed a lifelong friendship and with whom he repeatedly worked closely in politics until 1933.
After the collapse of the monarchy in the autumn of 1918 , Moyzischewitz was taken on as a general staff officer in the political department of the high command of the newly appointed Reichswehr Minister Gustav Noske , where he or the newly founded Reichswehr Ministry he worked until 1920. Then Moyzischewitz was the private secretary of the industrialist Hugo Stinnes until 1921 . This was followed by a brief position as director of Automobil, Verkehrs und Übungsstraßen AG (Avus, Stinnes Group).
In 1921 Moyzischewitz founded the Ahemo workshops in Berlin, a factory for radio equipment with around 400 workers that was to last for almost ten years. The Ahemo workshops made u. a. a name as the first company in the radio industry to bring a tube rectifier from the Ring Rossen series onto the market. The company's success in the field of network connection for radio equipment was also regarded as groundbreaking. The Ahemo workshops have been developing small portable transmitters and receivers for wireless telegraphy and telephony since 1925. In 1928 the company was the first to build the mains-powered 4-tube screen grid receiver, which was later adopted as a production type by other large domestic and foreign radio factories.
In addition to managing the Ahemo workshops, Moyzischewitz also held other leading positions in business: he was director of Automobil-Verkehrs- und Übungsstraße AG ( AVUS ) and from 1928 to 1930 chairman of the Verband der Funkindustrie e. V., as well as member of the supervisory board of Röchlingschen Eisen- und Stahlwerke GmbH. He was also a member of the German Gentlemen's Club, the Central Association of the German Electrotechnical Industry (in which he was a member of both the board and the radio student council), the German-Austrian Alpine Association, the Heinrich Hertz Society and the Graf Schlieffen Association (association of former members of the General Staff) and Secretary of the Association of Former Officers of the Dragoon Regiment No. 7.
In 1932 Moyzischewitz took over the management of the “private advertising center ” of the Reich government , which was responsible for the propaganda support of the policies of the governments of Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher . After 1933 Moyzischewitz u. a. as Schleicher's liaison to Ludwig Beck .
Moyzischewitz died in a hunting accident in 1937. His grave is in Stahnsdorf .
The historian Hermann Teske judged in an article in the magazine Das Militärarchiv published by the Bundesarchiv-Militärarchiv about Moyzischewitz: “A somewhat cold, high-grade intelligence was combined with the inner restlessness of an ongoing initiative.” An old friend of Moyzischewitz wrote in a similar tenor: “Geistig and physically well disposed, flexible, activist, occasionally exuberant, comradely, helpful, politically very interested. "
- French phrasebook for NCOs and men compiled by Moyzischewitz. Stalling, Oldenburg 1913.
- Propaganda. Manuscript, 1919.
- Shackles fall. A Franco-German novel. Stalling, Oldenburg 1932 (also published in France in 1939 with a foreword by Friedrich Siegburg).
- Report on my last meeting with General von Schleicher on June 29, 1934. in: Hermann Teske: When the present becomes history. Vowinckel, Neckargemünd 1974, pp. 128-133.
- Hermann Teske: Who was Arno Moyzischewitz? in: The military archive. No. 5, 1964, pp. 17-20.
- Literature by and about Arno von Moyzischewitz in the catalog of the German National Library
- Arno von Moyzischewitz in the online version of the Edition Files of the Reich Chancellery. Weimar Republic
|SURNAME||Moyzischewitz, Arno von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German officer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 8, 1890|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Strasbourg|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 1, 1937|
|Place of death||Crussow|