Brackley is a town in Northamptonshire , England , on the River Great Ouse . At the 2001 census, Brackley had a population of 13,331, making it the largest town in the South Northamptonshire district . Historically, Brackley was originally a trading post for the wool trade. It was exactly at the intersection of two trade routes from London to Birmingham (and to the north of England in general), which intersected here with the trade route from Cambridge to Oxford .
Brackley is off the A43 , a major thoroughfare through the English Midlands, which is now a bypass around the city and connects to Towcester and Northampton to the east. The M40 motorway leads to the west ; the A422 connects Brackley with Banbury .
Brackley previously had two stations, one on the Great Central main line to London and a second on the North Western Railway line from Banbury to Bletchley . Both lines fell victim to government austerity measures known as the Beeching Ax in the 1950s and 1960s due to a lack of profitability .
A few kilometers to the southwest is the former RAF Croughton airfield , a US communications facility. There is also a small civil airfield three kilometers to the west, Hinton-in-the-Hedges Airfield, which was built in 1939 as a Royal Air Force Station and served the Bomber Command during World War II . About four kilometers to the east is the Turweston Aerodrome, a civil airfield that was also built during the Second World War.
The Magdalen College School, named after Maria Magdalena, is one of the buildings worth seeing in the city . It was founded by the famous Magdalen College in Oxford to keep its students safe from the great plague of the 15th century. In addition to the historic college buildings, you can admire St. James Church , where services are still held today. It is therefore the oldest building in Great Britain with continuous use by a school. There used to be a castle at the western end of the town , but no visible remains have been preserved. The castle of Brackley was perhaps the place where King John the and his followers in 1215 Magna Carta signed; possibly this event also took place in Runnymede ( Surrey ). The St Peter's Church at the east end of the city has to offer an impressive Norman doorway from the 11th century. A market is held in the city center every Friday morning in the market square. Accessible via the elevated road is an extensive city park owned by the National Trust , a trust foundation.
Brackley is close to the Silverstone circuit, which hosts a Formula 1 race every year. There are also some industrial plants related to Formula 1; For example, Mercedes Grand Prix has its operational base in Brackley. On the eastern outskirts of the city is Bronnley, handcrafted soap supplier for Her Majesty Elizabeth II and Prince Charles of Wales . Their products have been awarded the royal seal of approval.
- Brackley Means Business - Web site for the city's business people. (Accessed July 31, 2013)