The high medieval keep from the southwest
|Creation time :||early 13th century|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Place:||Laugna - Bocksberg|
|Geographical location||48 ° 30 '32 " N , 10 ° 41' 2" E|
|Height:||480 m above sea level NN|
The ruins of Bocksberg Castle are located in the south on a hill above the Laugna district of Bocksberg in the Dillingen an der Donau district ( Swabia ). Moats and earthworks and a remnant of the keep have been preserved from the high to post-medieval castle complex .
The hill fort was probably built in the early 13th century as the seat of the Lords of Bocksberg , who can be traced here from 1231 to 1322. The probably noble sex was probably extinguished in the 14th century.
Then the Marschalken von Bocksberg appear as servants of the Augsburg bishopric on the fortress . In 1378 the castle was damaged during a military conflict. In the following year (1379) the Augsburg patrician family Rehm acquired the rule.
In 1462, Andreas Rieter von Kornburg (also: Rieder) from Nuremberg married into the family. This year the castle was again destroyed in the "Second City War". In 1542 the entire property went to Georg von Stetten from the Augsburg patrician family von Stetten . In 1613 a Schertlin von Burtenbach bought the estate and sold it together with Emersacker and Laugna to the Augsburg Fugger in the same year . During the Thirty Years War the facility was so badly damaged that it was not rebuilt. From 1660 the Fugger Family Foundation managed the property. Bocksberg was now administered from Laugna.
After the Second World War, the castle area was transformed into a festival area and electrified. The high medieval keep was renovated, but is surrounded by wooden additions for the festival.
The castle lies above the village on a wooded edge of the Laugna valley. The stepped cone of the main castle is cut off from the hinterland by a deep, arched neck ditch . In the north, the natural steep slope secures the fortress.
To the north and east of the main castle cone, a spacious lower terrace supported the former outer bailey . The area has been used as a festival area for a long time and is now leveled with numerous wooden stalls and a stage. Some stalls were also erected in the neck ditch, the entrance marked by a high wooden palisade.
On the plateau of the main castle, the stump of the former residential tower or keep is still preserved. The square wall made of smooth Nagelfluh blocks has an edge length of approx. 9.25 meters. The wall thickness is about 1.75 meters. At the northeast corner, the tower is about eight meters high, the upper parts are made of renovated brick masonry.
A small view on a map from the second half of the 16th century shows two castle houses with gable roofs . The mighty keep wears a pointed helmet with small defense cores.
Only about 200 meters south of the castle ruins is a large high medieval tower hill ( Buschelberg ) on the slope, which either marks an older predecessor castle or served as the seat of one of the servants of the first lords of the castle. The castle stable already appears on the mentioned map with the view of the castle.
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments, Bavaria III; Swabia . (Editor: Bruno Bushart , Georg Paula ). Munich u. Berlin 1986.
- Hans Jakob Wörner : Former district of Wertingen (Bavarian art monuments, XXXIII, brief inventory). Munich 1973.