Bruno Bushart

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bruno Bernhard Maria Bushart (born September 11, 1919 in Ellwangen (Jagst) , † June 22, 2012 in Augsburg ) was a German art historian and long-time director of the Augsburg Municipal Art Collections .


After graduating from high school , Bushart completed his military service in Italy during World War II , where he was taken prisoner by the US in 1943, where he was employed as a lecturer in art history at the “universities” of the US prisoner of war camps . After his release from captivity Bushart began in 1946 a Studied art history, classical archeology and prehistory at the University of Munich and laid there June 19, 1950 his doctoral examination Dr. phil. with a dissertation with the title The Collegiate Church of Ellwangen and its position within the southwest German architecture of the Hohenstaufen period with Hans Jantzen "summa cum laude". In it he dealt with the collegiate church of St. Vitus in his native town of Ellwangen an der Jagst, which also played a role in later works.

He then completed an internship at the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation between 1950 and 1952 , before he specialized in the history of painting and worked for the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart until 1964, where he was most recently deputy director. In 1964 Bushart was appointed director of the municipal art collections in Augsburg and held this position until his retirement. In addition, between 1970 and 1977 he worked first as a lecturer and then as honorary professor for art history at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. Furthermore, since 1976 he has held another honorary professorship at the University of Augsburg . In 1981 he retired . From 1997 to 2005 he was a member of the foundation's board of trustees for the Georg Schäfer Museum in Schweinfurt , which he had been involved in building up since 1972.

In his numerous publications, in addition to his director and teaching activities, he dealt in particular with churches, chapels, castles and palaces in southern Germany as well as with artists such as Hans Holbein the Elder. Ä. , Master of the Pfullendorfer Altar , Master of the Rohrdorfer Altar , Johann Sigmund Hitzelberger , Balthasar Suiter , Vitus Felix Rigl , Asam Brothers , Franz Joseph Spiegler , Johann Wolfgang Baumgartner , Albrecht Adam and Eustachius Gabriel .

Tomb of Bruno Bushart (Photo: 2014)

He was involved as a member of the Augsburg-based Swabian Research Association founded in 1949 .

Bushart was buried in the Catholic Herman Cemetery in Augsburg.

Bushart's daughter Magdalena Bushart (* 1957) is a professor at the Institute for History and Art History at the TU Berlin .


On December 7, 1983, the University of Augsburg awarded him an honorary doctorate for his cultural and historical merits . The laudation was given by Hanno-Walter Kruft , while Christoph Luitpold Frommel spoke in his keynote address on the subject of Raphael as an architect .

Publications (selection)

  • The collegiate church of Ellwangen and its position within the southwest German architecture of the Hohenstaufen era , dissertation, University of Munich 1950
  • Seligenthal Cistercian Abbey , Munich 1953
  • Ellwangen Collegiate Church , Munich 1953
  • Masterpieces from the Stuttgart State Gallery , Bad Honnef 1956
  • Baden-Württemberg , Bonn 1959
  • Hans Holbein the Elder , Bonn 1965
  • The Basilica of St. Vitus in Ellwangen , 1966
  • Treasures from the art collections of the city of Augsburg , Augsburg 1967
  • German Baroque painting , Königstein im Taunus 1967
  • German Rococo painting , Königstein im Taunus 1967
  • German painting of the 17th and 18th centuries , Königstein im Taunus 1967
  • The early Maulbertsch 1724–1755 , in: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings , 93rd year 1975, pp. 95–102 ( digitized version )
  • The genius of Joseph Anton Feuchtmayers , Friedrichshafen 1981
  • Bergen monastery near Neuburg an der Donau and its frescoes by Johann Wolfgang Baumgartner , co-author Friedrich Kaess, Weissenhorn 1981, ISBN 3-87437-183-2
  • From Wilhelm Leibl to Lovis Corinth : pastels, watercolors and drawings , Schweinfurt 1983
  • Cosmas Damian Asam : 1686-1739. Life u. Werk , Munich 1986, ISBN 3-7913-0767-3
  • Handbook of German Art Monuments. Schwaben , co-author Georg Paula , 1989, ISBN 3-422-03008-5
  • The Fugger Chapel near St. Anna in Augsburg , Munich 1994, ISBN 3-422-06115-0
  • The discovery of reality: German painting and drawing, 1765–1815 , Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-86502-072-0


  • Bärbel Kopplin, Bärbel Hamacher, Christl Karnehm (eds.): Pinxit, sculpsit, fecit: art historical studies. Festschrift for Bruno Bushart . Munich 1994, ISBN 3-422-06147-9

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Obituary notice of relatives (access on June 24, 2012)
  2. Swabian Research Association .
  3. Bruno Bushart: Lecture and speeches on the occasion of the award of an honorary doctorate by the Philosophical Faculty I1 , University of Augsburg, December 7, 1983 .