Carl Brockelmann

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
History of Arabic Literature 1909 - Carl Brockelmann

Carl Friedrich Brockelmann (born September 17, 1868 in Rostock ; † May 6, 1956 in Halle (Saale) ) is considered one of the most important German orientalists and Semitists of the 20th century .


Carl Brockelmann was the son of the Rostock businessman Carl Heinrich Ernst Brockelmann and his wife Friederike Dorothea Henriette, nee. Shepherd. He was a nephew of the Rostock shipowner Ernst Brockelmann .

Brockelmann spent his youth in Rostock. In the summer semester of 1886, he began studying philology at the University of Rostock , but was then able to go to the University of Breslau on a scholarship . In 1888 he went to the orientalist Theodor Nöldeke at the University of Strasbourg , where he passed the state examination in the summer of 1888 . In the following two years Brockelmann was a test subject and assistant teacher at the Protestant grammar school in Strasbourg . He taught a. a. the sons of the Strasbourg factory owner families Adler and Oppenheimer .

Scientific career

In 1893 Brockelmann received his habilitation at the University of Breslau, in 1900 he became an associate professor at the University of Berlin and in 1903 a full professor at the University of Königsberg . In 1910 he accepted an appointment at the University of Halle , and in 1922 again at the University of Berlin. However, he returned to Breslau in 1923, where he retired in 1936 . He spent his last years in Halle, where he continued teaching in his subject until he was 88. One of his pupils was Max Bravmann .

He was significantly involved in the development of the DIN standard DIN 31635 (transcription of the Arabic alphabet) , which is based on the transcription of the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG) by him and Hans Wehr . It was accepted at the International Congress of Orientalists in Rome in 1936.

Hand copy of the orientalist Fuat Sezgin of Brockelmann's History of Arabic Literature, First Supplement (1937)

With his History of Arabic Literature (1937–1942, Sigel GAL ) Brockelmann wrote an authoritative bibliographical overview, which is followed by Fuat Sezgin's History of Arabic Literature (1967–2015, GAS ).


  • History of Arabic Literature . Second edition adapted to the supplement volumes. Brill, Leiden 1943. Supplementary volumes I-III. Brill, Leiden 1937–1942 (originally in Die Litteraturen des Ostens in single representations )
  • History of the Christian literatures of the Orient . 2nd Edition. Leipzig 1909 ( The literature of the East in individual representations )
  • Outline of the comparative grammar of the Semitic languages . Vol. 1-2, 1908/1913
  • Semitic Linguistics . 2nd Edition. 1916
  • Lexicon Syriacum . 2nd Edition. Hall 1928
  • Syrian grammar . Leipzig 1938
  • History of the Islamic Peoples and States. R. Oldenbourg, Munich / Berlin 1939
  • East Turkish grammar of the Islamic literary languages ​​of Central Asia . Leiden 1954
  • Hebrew syntax . 1956
  • Arabic grammar . Berlin u. a. 1904, Textarchiv - Internet Archive . Numerous new editions, including Leipzig 1960 (revision of Albert Socin's grammar ).

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Enrollment of Carl Brockelmann in the Rostock matriculation portal