Carl Brockelmann was the son of the Rostock businessman Carl Heinrich Ernst Brockelmann and his wife Friederike Dorothea Henriette, nee. Shepherd. He was a nephew of the Rostock shipowner Ernst Brockelmann .
Brockelmann spent his youth in Rostock. In the summer semester of 1886, he began studying philology at the University of Rostock , but was then able to go to the University of Breslau on a scholarship . In 1888 he went to the orientalist Theodor Nöldeke at the University of Strasbourg , where he passed the state examination in the summer of 1888 . In the following two years Brockelmann was a test subject and assistant teacher at the Protestant grammar school in Strasbourg . He taught a. a. the sons of the Strasbourg factory owner families Adler and Oppenheimer .
In 1893 Brockelmann received his habilitation at the University of Breslau, in 1900 he became an associate professor at the University of Berlin and in 1903 a full professor at the University of Königsberg . In 1910 he accepted an appointment at the University of Halle , and in 1922 again at the University of Berlin. However, he returned to Breslau in 1923, where he retired in 1936 . He spent his last years in Halle, where he continued teaching in his subject until he was 88. One of his pupils was Max Bravmann .
He was significantly involved in the development of the DIN standard DIN 31635 (transcription of the Arabic alphabet) , which is based on the transcription of the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG) by him and Hans Wehr . It was accepted at the International Congress of Orientalists in Rome in 1936.
With his History of Arabic Literature (1937–1942, Sigel GAL ) Brockelmann wrote an authoritative bibliographical overview, which is followed by Fuat Sezgin's History of Arabic Literature (1967–2015, GAS ).
- History of Arabic Literature . Second edition adapted to the supplement volumes. Brill, Leiden 1943. Supplementary volumes I-III. Brill, Leiden 1937–1942 (originally in Die Litteraturen des Ostens in single representations )
- History of the Christian literatures of the Orient . 2nd Edition. Leipzig 1909 ( The literature of the East in individual representations )
- Outline of the comparative grammar of the Semitic languages . Vol. 1-2, 1908/1913
- Semitic Linguistics . 2nd Edition. 1916
- Lexicon Syriacum . 2nd Edition. Hall 1928
- Syrian grammar . Leipzig 1938
- History of the Islamic Peoples and States. R. Oldenbourg, Munich / Berlin 1939
- East Turkish grammar of the Islamic literary languages of Central Asia . Leiden 1954
- Hebrew syntax . 1956
- Arabic grammar . Berlin u. a. 1904, Textarchiv - Internet Archive . Numerous new editions, including Leipzig 1960 (revision of Albert Socin's grammar ).
- Rudolf Sellheim (Hrsg.): Autobiographical notes and memories of Carl Brockelmann. In: Oriens , Volume 27/28 (1981), pp. 1-65, , JSTOR 1580563 .
- Otto Spies : Directory of the writings of Carl Brockelmann. Harrassowitz, Leipzig 1938.
- Brockelmann, Carl in the German biography
- Entry on Carl Brockelmann in the Catalogus Professorum Halensis
- Literature by and about Carl Brockelmann in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Carl Brockelmann in the state bibliography MV
- Works at archive.org
- Works in the SSG Vorderer Orient digital of the University and State Library Saxony-Anhalt
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Brockelmann, Carl Friedrich (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German orientalist and Semiticist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 17, 1868|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rostock|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 6, 1956|
|Place of death||Halle (Saale)|