Nöldeke graduated from high school Georgianum in Lingen in 1853 and studied at the universities of Göttingen , Vienna , Leiden and Berlin . He became a professor in Kiel in 1864 and then held a professorship at the University of Strasbourg from 1872 until he retired at the age of 70. Nöldeke wrote numerous studies (including on the Koran ) and also wrote articles for the Encyclopædia Britannica . He also dealt with Old Testament research, Semitic languages, and Arabic, Persian, and Syrian literature. Nöldeke was also involved in the fundamental Tabari edition de Goejes and also obtained a translation of those sections of Tabari's universal history that dealt with the Sassanid period . The translation is still of great value today, especially as he made numerous comments.
Nöldeke, who also translated several other important works of oriental literature, was already considered a very important orientalist during his lifetime. Among his numerous students was Friedrich Schwally , whom he entrusted with the continuation of his standard work History of the Qoran .
His estate is in the Tübingen University Library .
Nöldeke was holder of the order Pour le mérite for science and arts (from 1888) and since 1879 a foreign member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1885 he was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences ; In 1926 he became an honorary member of this academy. In 1892 he was awarded the University of Edinburgh , the honorary doctorate . In 1893 he was appointed a foreign member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome. From 1920 he was an extraordinary member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences . In 1926 he became an honorary citizen of the then city of Harburg (today part of Hamburg).
Works (in selection)
- History of the Qoran , 1860. New edition Hildesheim 2005. ISBN 3-487-00105-5
- Contributions and New Contributions to Semitic Linguistics. 1981. ISBN 90-6022-184-2
- The Iranian National Epic , 1920, = 2nd edition of the article published in Grundriß der Iranischen Philologie (1895–1901) (approx. 110 pages)
- Oriental sketches , 1892
- Sketches from Eastern History , 1977. ISBN 0-87991-461-0
- The Life of Muhammad , 1863
- Contributions to the knowledge of the poetry of the ancient Arabs , 1864
- Old Testament Literature , 1868
- Studies on the Critique of the Old Testament , 1869
- History of the Persians and Arabs at the time of the Sasanids. Translated from the Arabic Chronicle of Tabari , 1879 (reprint Leiden 1973)
- On the grammar of classical Arabic , 1896
- Five Mo'allaqat, Translated and Explained , 1899–1901
- James A. Crichton (Translator): Compendious Syriac grammar. With a table of characters by Julius Euting, 1904
- Mandean grammar; with a lithographed tablet of the Mandaean characters , 1875
- Marco Frenschkowski : Nöldeke, Theodor. In: BBKL 6 (1993), 979-983
- Bernhard Maier : the early days of oriental studies. Theodor Nöldeke's life and work as reflected in his letters. Ergon-Verlag, Würzburg 2013 (Working materials on the Orient, Volume 29), ISBN 978-3-89913-970-9 .
- Georges Tamer (translator): Tarikh al-Qur'an. Arabic translation and edition by Theodor Nöldeke / Friedrich Schwally et al., History of the Qoran. Provided with an introduction and extended registers . Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Beirut 2004 (the distribution of the Arabic translation is forbidden in some Arab states).
- Literature by and about Theodor Nöldeke in the catalog of the German National Library
- Newspaper article about Theodor Nöldeke in the press kit of the 20th century of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Digitized works of Nöldeke (University and State Library Saxony-Anhalt, Halle)
- Digitized works of Nöldeke ( archive.org )
- Correspondence between Theodor Nöldeke and Eduard Meyer
- Hartmut Bobzin : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 311 f. ( ).
- Theodor Nöldeke (1836-1930) (bibliography)
- Federal Archives, Central Database of Legacies . Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Theodor Eduard Bernhard Nöldeke. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed October 9, 2015 (Russian).
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from July 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Nöldeke, Theodor Eduard Bernhard|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German orientalist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 2, 1836|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Harburg (Elbe)|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 25, 1930|
|Place of death||Karlsruhe|