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Harburg coat of arms
Coat of arms of Hamburg
district of Hamburg
Neuwerk → zu Bezirk Hamburg-Mitte Duvenstedt Wohldorf-Ohlstedt Mellingstedt Bergstedt Volksdorf Rahlstedt Hummelsbüttel Poppenbüttel Sasel Wellingsbüttel Steilshoop Bramfeld Farmsen-Berne Eilbek Marienthal Wandsbek Tonndorf Jenfeld Moorfleet Allermöhe Neuallermöhe Spadenland Tatenberg Billwerder Lohbrügge Ochsenwerder Reitbrook Kirchwerder Neuengamme Altengamme Curslack Bergedorf Neuland Gut Moor Rönneburg Langenbek Wilstorf Harburg Sinstorf Marmstorf Eißendorf Heimfeld Hausbruch Neugraben-Fischbek Moorburg Francop Altenwerder Neuenfelde Cranz Rissen Sülldorf Blankenese Iserbrook Osdorf Lurup Nienstedten Othmarschen Groß Flottbek Ottensen Altona-Altstadt Altona-Nord Sternschanze Bahrenfeld Schnelsen Niendorf Eidelstedt Stellingen Lokstedt Hoheluft-West Eimsbüttel Rotherbaum Harvestehude Langenhorn Fuhlsbüttel Ohlsdorf Alsterdorf Groß Borstel Hohenfelde Dulsberg Barmbek-Nord Barmbek-Süd Uhlenhorst Hoheluft-Ost Eppendorf Winterhude Veddel Kleiner Grasbrook Steinwerder Wilhelmsburg Waltershof Finkenwerder St. Pauli Neustadt Hamburg-Altstadt HafenCity St. Georg Hammerbrook Borgfelde Hamm Rothenburgsort Billbrook Horn Billstedt Land Niedersachsen Land Schleswig-HolsteinLocation in Hamburg
About this picture
Coordinates 53 ° 27 '33 "  N , 9 ° 58' 58"  E Coordinates: 53 ° 27 '33 "  N , 9 ° 58' 58"  E
height 79  m above sea level NHN
surface 3.9 km²
Residents 26,156 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 6707 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 21073, 21075, 21079
prefix 040
district Harburg
Transport links
Federal road B73 B75
S-Bahn Hamburg S3Hamburg S3.svg S31Hamburg S31.svg
Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein

Harburg ( Low German Horborg ) is a district in the south of Hamburg and the center of the Harburg district .

The district on the Süderelbe is the core of the former city of Harburg (also known as "Harburg an der Elbe" or Harburg / Elbe) and the later city of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg as well as the former administrative seat of the Harburg district .

Quarters in the district are the Phoenix district and the Harburg inland port.

The districts of Neuland , Gut Moor and Rönneburg in the east, Wilstorf in the south, Eißendorf and Heimfeld in the west and Wilhelmsburg on the other side of the Süderelbe in the north border Harburg .


Finds in the area suggest a settlement in the area since the Neolithic Age . The namesake and starting point of Harburg was the Horeburg (Hore = swamp / moor). This stood at the latest since the year 1000 (broken fragments) on a dry valley sand island in the marshy valley of the Elbe at the site of today's Harburg Castle and was only connected to the Geest by a dam, which corresponded to today's Harburger Schloßstraße . The castle, first mentioned in a document from 1133–37, was probably built by the Counts of Stade as a border fortress. In 1257 it came into the possession of the Guelphs . The settlement, which initially developed along the dam in front of the castle, was granted free parish law in 1288, and finally town charter in 1297. In the following years Harburg became the economic center of the Bailiwick of Harburg. Ferry traffic to Hamburg and the associated freight forwarding and lodging trade remained an important livelihood for the city until the 19th century.

Coat of arms of the city of Harburg

From 1527 to 1642 Harburg was the residence of a branch of the Braunschweig-Lüneburg family . In 1528 the Harburg rifle guild was founded. In 1642 the office of Harburg fell back to the main line of the Guelphs in Celle and the castle, which had meanwhile been developed into a residential palace, was expanded into a citadel enclosed by water . This required the demolition of the oldest part of the city, including the Marienkirche. The settlement was then expanded to the south and the Trinity Church was built as a replacement.

View from Schwarzenberg
Harburg from 1757
Panorama from Schwarzenberg 1654

Since 1705, the city belonged to the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and later the Kingdom of Hanover . During the Seven Years' War , Harburg was taken from the fortress by French soldiers without much resistance. After the reorganization of the Hanoverian troops near Stade, the fortress (including from Schwarzenberg) was then subjected to heavy cannon fire a few weeks later, from which the civilian population also suffered. After four weeks of bombardment, the French capitulated on December 31st. From 1803 to 1805, French troops occupied Harburg again after Hanover capitulated to Napoleon . Due to the Paris Treaty of February 15, 1806 between Prussia and France, Hanover was taken into possession of the Duchy of Cleve and the Margraviate of Ansbach by Prussia and Harburg was then occupied by Prussian troops in 1806. In the same year, the period of occupation of Hamburg by France began to enforce the continental barrier . After a brief interlude as part of the Kingdom of Westphalia , Harburg belonged directly to the French Empire as part of the Elbe estuary from 1811 until the War of Liberation . During this time, Bremer Strasse was laid out as a military road. In 1813/1814 the first continuous Elbe crossing was built by the French. In 1814 after the Wars of Liberation , Harburg was again part of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In 1829 a regular steamship connection between Harburg and Hamburg was established and between 1845 and 1849 the inland port (as a docking port separated from the Elbe by a lock ) was considerably expanded. In 1847 the railway connection between Hanover and Harburg opened. The terminal station at the port east of the old town enabled direct cargo handling. In addition, Harburg had the free port privilege in 1848 until Hanover joined the German Customs Union in 1854 (from 1857 construction of a duty-free warehouse). Harburg became a rapidly growing port and industrial location that was important for Hanover, especially in the field of processing rubber and oilseeds. From 1866 Harburg belonged to Prussia as part of the Province of Hanover . In addition to industry, the garrison played an important role in the city. A permanent connection to Wilhelmsburg and Hamburg existed since the completion of the railway bridges over the Elbe in 1872.

The neighboring villages of Wilstorf and Heimfeld were incorporated into the urban district in 1888 in order to do justice to the expansion of the city and the population, which had grown rapidly as part of industrialization. Parts of Neuland followed in 1893 , Lauenbruch in 1906 and Eißendorf in 1910 . Residential areas for factory workers, such as the Phoenixviertel , emerged. While the northern part of the old town at the castle and inland port was increasingly used commercially, Harburg gave itself an urban face with the construction of a town hall (1890-92) and subsequent administrative buildings, a city theater ( Harburger Theater 1894) and the new Harburg main station (1897) . Since 1899 there was a continuous road connection to Hamburg with the Harburg Elbbrücke , which was also used by the tram introduced in 1902 (the last Harburg line was discontinued in 1971) and in 1904 the construction of initially three large seaport basins began on the site of the demolished town of Lauenbruch.

In 1920, as part of the Kapp Putsch, there were serious clashes between Harburgers and insurgent troops (see Rudolf Berthold ).

In the 1920s, more and more non-profit housing estates emerged in Harburg, the Harburger Stadtpark in Wilstorf, the Stadtbad and a town hall ( Friedrich-Ebert-Halle ) with two school buildings in Heimfeld.

In 1927 the urban district of Harburg and the urban district of Wilhelmsburg were combined to form the city of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg . In 1937 the city was transferred from the State of Prussia to Hamburg as part of the Greater Hamburg Act , as were some places in the surrounding Harburg district. A year later, on April 1, 1938, the city lost its independence.

The Harburg synagogue was destroyed during the November pogroms in 1938 . During the Second World War , the city center of Harburg was almost spared from Allied air raids until the end of 1944. However, the industrial and seaport area was the target of heavy attacks and destruction from 1940. From mid-1944 the attacks concentrated on the mineral oil industry and railway systems and as a result the city center was also affected by miscarriages. This affected the old town hall from 1722, parts of the new town hall (simplified structure), the Trinity Church , the garrison church of St. Johannis and also the district administration for the Harburg district that remained in Harburg, which was finally relocated to Winsen (Luhe) in 1944 .

Pond on the grounds of the TUHH

Years of reconstruction of the city followed, which again changed its face considerably with new construction projects. Whole streets were created for the construction of the S-Bahn, which opened in 1983, through Harburg. A road ring now closes around Lüneburger Strasse, which has been transformed into a pedestrian zone . In 1978 the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg (TUHH) was founded. In June 2018, when the university changed its name, the name of the district was dropped.

In March 2016, Harburg's inner city was added to the list of support areas for social district development. Until the end of 2019, the "Framework Program Integrated Urban Development (RISE)" will be administered by steg Stadterneuerungs- und Stadtentwicklungsgesellschaft Hamburg mbH , with funding of EUR 5 million shared between Harburg and Eidelstedt , as in Hamburg-Neugraben-Fischbek . In the medium term, the housing situation and the attractiveness for gastronomy should increase. In January 2016, Harburg's city center was identified as a priority area in the social monitoring report for 2015 by the authority for urban development and housing .

Since the 1980s, the Harburg inland port has been increasingly developed into an attractive location for the service industry and high-quality apartments.


Honorary citizen

According to the year of appointment:

(1) revoked in October 1945 by resolution of the Senate

Sons and daughters


  • Minor quota: 15.8% [Hamburg average: 16.3% (2017)].
  • Elderly rate: 10.9% [Hamburg average: 18.2% (2017)].
  • Proportion of foreigners: 39.6% [Hamburg average: 17.1% (2017)].
  • Unemployment rate: 7.2% [Hamburg average: 5.2% (2017)].

The average income per taxpayer in Harburg is 20,773 euros annually (2013), the Hamburg average is 39,054 euros.

Politics and administration

Harburg Town Hall
Seal of the Harburg magistrate; ~ 1850-1945

The Harburg town hall is the meeting place for the district assembly for the Harburg district . The district office and the other administrative authorities responsible for the district are also located here and in the surrounding buildings. The district court Hamburg-Harburg , employment office and tax office Harburg are also located in the district .

Election results

For the election to the Hamburg citizenship , Harburg belongs to the constituency of Harburg , which in addition to the eponymous district also includes the other districts in the east of the district of Harburg .

Result of the 2015 state election in Harburg
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Citizenship election SPD Left 1) Green 2) CDU AfD FDP Rest
2015 42.0% 13.6% 12.4% 10.2% 09.5% 04.3% 08.0%
2011 49.2% 10.5% 11.4% 15.2% - 03.3% 10.4%
2008 40.0% 08.9% 09.0% 33.3% - 03.5% 05.2%
2004 34.8% - 10.6% 40.4% - 02.2% 12.0% 3)
2001 38.3% 00.6% 07.8% 19.7% - 03.2% 30.4% 4)
1997 40.9% 00.8% 12.4% 24.9% - 02.0% 19.0% 5)
1993 47.3% - 11.6% 20.4% - 02.4% 18.3% 6)
1991 57.3% 00.7% 05.3% 28.5% - 02.5% 05.7%
1987 53.5% - 05.9% 35.7% - 03.4% 01.5%
1986 50.0% - 08.6% 37.0% - 02.8% 01.6%
Dec 1982 60.8% - 05.4% 31.8% - 01.2% 00.8%
June 1982 51.9% - 06.5% 36.3% - 03.1% 02.2%
1978 60.0% - 03.9% 31.7% - 02.9% 01.5%
1974 53.1% - - 34.5% - 08.3% 04.1%
1970 60.8% - - 29.0% - 04.5% 05.7%
1966 64.8% - - 25.5% - 05.5% 04.2%

1) 1991 and 1997 as PDS / Linke Liste, 2001 as PDS.
2) 1978 as a colorful list - defend yourself , 1982 to 2011 as Greens / GAL.
3) Including 5.9% for ProDM / Schill
4) Including 25.9% for the Schill party .
5) Including 7.5% for the DVU .
6) Including 5.4% for The Republicans .

Mayor / Lord Mayor of the City of Harburg

Lord Mayor of the City of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg
District leader (District 8)

Harburg inland port

At the old harbor basin in the Harburg inland port, separated from the Süderelbe by a lock , since the mid-1980s, around the core of the city of Harburg, the Harburg Castle , modern office buildings ( Channel Hamburg ), some of them behind old warehouse and factory facades.

A beach club existed on the quay wall of Veritaskai until the end of 2015 . A 65 meter high new building for a four-star hotel is to be built on the site. In September 2016, the Senator for Science Katharina Fegebank ( GRÜNE ) announced the plans for a research and innovation park in Harburg's inland port. The "Hamburg Innovation Port", the construction of which is expected to cost 150 to 200 million euros and begin in 2017, is to create 70,000 square meters of new usable space. The architecture competition, whose jury included Hamburg's chief building director Jörn Walter , was won by architects MVRDV from the Netherlands and Hadi Teherani Architects from Hamburg.

According to the real estate atlas of the Landesbausparkasse Schleswig-Holstein, the Harburg inland port is the only location south of the Elbe on Hamburg's national territory where the purchase price per square meter is over 3,000 euros. The IBA area on Schlossinsel and the areas of the previous port operations are to be built with apartments in the 2010s.

In 2016 the bascule bridge over the eastern station canal was completely renovated. Their folding function was given up, the folding mechanism was kept in the context of monument protection. In the 2010s, the Hamburg Archaeological Museum carried out excavations on Schlossstrasse in the inland port. During the largest excavation of the city center in Hamburg, parts of the building and utensils from the 15th and 16th centuries were preserved.


The Palmspeicher , built in 1883, is located in the center of the emerging Channel Hamburg , which is characterized by new buildings . The picture shows the new (light red) facade that was pre-blinded during the renovation.

Cultural monuments

Arts and Culture

The Falckenberg Collection , an important collection of modern and contemporary art, is housed in an old Phoenix AG factory hall . The cultural foundation Phoenix Art by Harald Falckenberg and Phoenix AG also present temporary exhibitions with important international art collections. The Hamburg-Harburg train station houses the “Kunstverein Harburger Bahnhof eV” as a “culture station” with changing exhibitions and the jazz club in the signal box . The Rieckhof is a culture and event center with an event hall and group rooms. In addition to the archaeological collection, the Helms Museum also houses the Harburg Theater in the building on Museumsplatz.

A port hatch has stood on the canal square in the inland port since 1876. The oldest kiosk in Hamburg only gave up the sale of the so-called " Hafenlümmel " in 2015 and is kept from now on for cultural purposes.

From sculptures - influenced by the Berlin School at the beginning of the 20th century - to minimal concept art, a mix of " art in public space " has been realized to this day.

On the TUHH premises :

War memorial

"The Soldier" is a monumental monument created by Hermann Hosaeus in 1932, which was controversial at the time of its creation, but survived the destruction of the Second World War with only minor damage. Immediately next to the "soldier" - only visible at second glance - the sculpture "Mourning Child" by Hendrik-André Schulz was erected in 1988 as a supplementary monument.



Photograph of Lüneburger Strasse and the City Galerie from the upper floors of the Karstadt building
"Phoenix Center" shopping center. Since 2004 on part of the
Phoenix AG factory premises

The district is the retail center of the Harburg district and the nearby towns and cities in Lower Saxony. In addition to the pedestrian zone Lüneburger Strasse, a department store and three shopping centers (Marktkauf-Center, Harburg Arcaden and Phoenix-Center), there is a daily weekly market on the "Sand". In 2009, the area around the main shopping street was declared the Lüneburger Straße Business Improvement District in order to upgrade the street and strengthen the retail location, which had lost its attractiveness there in recent years.


Former municipal swimming pool , once the seat of Lühmanndruck, publisher of the " Harburg advertisements and news ", today home of the "elbe wochenblatt" and the local Harburg editorial office of the Hamburger Abendblatt.

The Harburger Advertisements and Messages (HAN), based in Harburg, was a daily newspaper for the region including the neighboring districts in Lower Saxony that appeared in Harburg from 1844 to 2013. It was the oldest newspaper published in Hamburg. The Hamburger Abendblatt with the local supplement Harburger Rundschau and the Harburger Blatt are also available .

In the field of new media there is the online magazine for the scene, art, culture and lifestyle as well as and current .

Enterprise and Industry Development

In 1836 the spirits and liqueur factory H. Osterhoff (later the spirits and liqueur factory Louis Hilke ) started operations on Karnapp 15/16 as one of the first factory-like plants. The expansion of the port facilities to a modern, tide-independent dock port (Hamburg port tide-dependent) with a direct rail connection , Harburg's membership of the German Customs Union (1854) and the associated duty-free sales of goods inland, as well as the lack of suitable industrial areas in Hamburg, drew entrepreneurs from Hamburg to Harburg . In 1854 HC Meyer jr. (Stockmeyer) part of the production to Hamburg.

Oil mills , rubber processing companies and the manufacturers of machines for the aforementioned branches of industry were traditionally located in Harburg . German Julius Koeber founded an ironworks in Harburg as early as 1855 . The current factory premises of the Harburg-Freudenberger company, established in 2005, goes back to the Harburg iron and bronze works, which later passed to Krupp. In 1856 rubber processing started in the form of the Harburger Gummi-Kamm Compagnie (as part of H. C. Meyer Jr.), which was taken over in 1930 by the New York Hamburger Gummi-Waaren Compagnie . Until the move to Lüneburg in 2009, the company produced in the Harburg inland port (including still combs for hairdressing needs, e.g. traditional models under the name "Hercules Sägemann").

Also in 1856 the Albert & Louis Cohen, Harburg - Schuhfabrik, a soft rubber factory of the brothers Albert and Louis Cohen, emerged from which the later Phoenix AG emerged , one of the largest employers in the city. The company has been part of ContiTech , a subsidiary of Continental AG, since 2004 . In 2006 a part, the Stankiewicz auto supplier division, was spun off, but remained in Harburg. In addition to the rubber industry, the area of oilseed processing, which is still important today, settled . The first steam mill in 1838 was followed by the coal oil and gas factory Noblee & Thoerl in 1857 .

In 1912 the first shop of today's Budnikowsky drugstore chain was opened at Mühlenstraße 33 (today: Schloßmühlendamm).

The offices being built in Harburg's inland port will be used by Airbus , companies from the IT sector and TUHH's TuTech Innovation GmbH . The classification society Bureau Veritas has its German headquarters here. In addition, the shipbuilding and repair companies of the Jöhnk shipyard , the qualification society Jugend in Arbeit Hamburg eV and the technical operation Harburg (TBH) of the HPA shape the castle island.


Trolleybus on the sand in Harburg (1949)

The Harburg station is an important junction point of routes from Hamburg to Hanover and Bremen , as well as further into the Ruhr region , the Lower Elbe Railway and a hub in the Hamburg transport. From 1872 to 1995 Harburg had a railway repair shop , which after the renovation houses other companies.

In 1949, the Hamburger Hochbahn set up a trolleybus service in Harburg to replace two disused tram lines , which existed until 1958. In May 1971 Harburg lost its last tram, line 11 to Hamburg. In 1983 the S-Bahn tunnel under Harburg city center with the Harburg and Harburg Rathaus stations was put into operation.

In the course of the construction of the U4 underground line for the Hamburger Hochbahn , an extension via Wilhelmsburg to Harburg was also discussed.

Education and Research

The Technical University of Hamburg and its university library are located in Harburg . The Northern Institute of Technology Management (NIT) is also located on the university campus . From 2004 to 2010 the Kühne School of Logistics and Management was an integrated part of the TUHH. In 2010 it was spun off as a state-recognized university and in 2013 moved into its own building in HafenCity as the “Kühne Logistics University” (KLU) .

The general education schools in the district are the public schools Goethe School Harburg , Lessing District School , Elementary and District School Maretstraße, Elementary School Kerschensteinerstraße, Förderschule Schwarzenbergstraße and the independent schools, the Niels-Stensen-Gymnasium , Catholic School Harburg and Business School Weber.

The district also houses the Hamburg adult education center in the Harburg / Finkenwerder region and the Harburg library as a public district library .

Cemeteries in the Harburg area

  • Harburg old cemetery
  • Jewish cemetery Hamburg-Harburg
  • Historic Harburg garrison cemetery

Harburg literary

In his first short story, Cold Times, written in the winter of 1963/64 . The Hamburg writer Christian Geissler (1928–2008) conveys an impression of the proletarian district of Harburg that frames the story itself , not fictitiously . In the novel Morbus fonticuli or Die Sehnsucht des Laien by the writer Frank Schulz (* 1957), Harburg is often the setting for the action. The same applies to the autobiographical novel Meat is My Vegetables by the writer Heinz Strunk (* 1962) from 2004, which was made into a film in 2008 .

See also


  • Jürgen Ellermeyer, Helms Museum -Harburg (ed.): Harburg - From the castle to the industrial city . Christians Verlag, Hamburg 1988, ISBN 3-7672-1033-9 .
  • Rainer-Maria Weiss (Ed.): Archeology in Hamburg - The Harburger Schloßstraße (=  publications of the Helms-Museum, Archaeological Museum Hamburg, Stadtmuseum Harburg . No. 110 ). Archaeological Museum Hamburg, 2017, ISBN 978-3-931429-30-0 , ISSN  2198-8897 .
  • Rainer Jogschies (Ed.): 21 Hamburg 90 - Reports from Hamburg-Harburg (=  Reprints . Volume 3 ). Night table book, Hamburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-937550-22-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans Brunswig: Firestorm over Hamburg . Stuttgart 1978, p. 342ff. ISBN 3-87943-570-7
  2. Law on the renaming of the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, dated May 29, 2018. (PDF, 54 kB) In: Hamburgisches Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt, edition 21 of 2018. June 1, 2018, p. 4 , accessed on 24. November 2019 .
  3. ^ Eidelstedt and Harburg receive funding., March 8, 2016, accessed March 9, 2016 .
  4. ^ André Zand-Vakili: Social structure: negative development scares politics. (No longer available online.) , February 10, 2016, archived from the original on March 9, 2016 ; accessed on March 9, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. ^ Andreas Göhring: RISE funding program: No surprise when the order is placed. In: September 9, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  6. Dr. Magnus-Sebastian Kutz ( ViSdP ): Social Monitoring Integrated District Development Report 2015. (PDF; 4.1 MB) Authority for Urban Development and Housing , January 2016, p. 14 , accessed on March 9, 2016 .
  7. Andreas Göhring: Innovation Port - 200 million euro project for the inland port. In: September 13, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  8. The list of honorary citizens from: Ernst Christian Schütt et al .: Die Chronik Hamburgs . Dortmund (Chronik-Verlag / Harenberg), 1991, ISBN 3-611-00194-5 .
  9. ↑ Quota of minors in the Hamburg districts in 2017
  10. Proportion of 65-year-olds and older in the Hamburg districts in 2017
  11. ↑ Proportion of foreigners in the Hamburg districts in 2017
  12. Unemployment rate in the Hamburg districts in 2017
  13. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (ed.): Hamburg District Profile 2016 (=  NORD.regional . Volume 19 ). 2018, ISSN  1863-9518 ( Online [PDF; 6.6 MB ; accessed on February 12, 2018]).
  14. ^ Andreas Göhring: Beach Club: Authority takes position on critical questions. In: August 26, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016 .
  15. Andreas Göhring: New hotel building: Quengelpolitik gets stuck in the beginning. In: September 7, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  16. Andreas Göhring: Innovation Port - 200 million euro project for the inland port. In: September 13, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  17. Harburg becomes the home port for innovations. In: September 13, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  18. ^ Andreas Göhring: New housing plans for the Harburg Castle Island. In: September 6, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  19. ^ André Zand-Vakili: The bascule bridge at the Veritaskai is attached but not free for a long time. In: August 24, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016 .
  20. André Zand-Vakili: Archaeologists are active again in Harburger Schloßstraße. In: August 31, 2016, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  21. Darijana Hahn: Newly used port hatch - On the traces of the workers . Taz . June 5, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  22. Press release of the newly founded KLU on from March 3, 2010, accessed on October 5, 2015

Web links

Commons : Hamburg-Harburg (district)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files