Celle sul Rigo
|Celle sul Rigo|
|Panorama of Celle sul Rigo|
|local community||San Casciano dei Bagni|
The place is about 5 km west of the capital San Casciano dei Bagni, about 65 km southeast of the provincial capital Siena and about 110 km southeast of the regional capital Florence . Italy's capital Rome is about 120 km southeast. The place is located on a hill to the east above the Torrente Rigo , a tributary of the Paglia , at 598 m and in 2001 had about 370 inhabitants. In 2017 there were 353 residents. Ponte a Rigo (also a district of San Casciano dei Bagni) is located approx. 5 km southwest at the confluence of the Rigo and Paglia, the municipality of Radicofani is approx. 5 km northwest.
After the year 1000, the place initially belonged to Orvieto's sphere of influence and then became the property of the Visconti di Campiglia , but passed to the Salimbeni from Siena in the second half of the 14th century. At the end of the 14th century, the Salimbeni family was in conflict with Siena several times and was removed from the town in February 1380 by Spinetta Malaspina (Marchese di Villafranca, Podestà di Siena). However, after an uprising by the local population, Cione Salimbeni returned on March 23, 1384 and received permission from Siena to rebuild the city wall and fortress. In 1404 Cocco Salimbeni (Niccolò di Cione di Sandro), the son of Cione, submitted to the Republic of Siena, achieving tax autonomy on his own territory and a penal remission for some family members in the peace negotiations with Siena. The peace only lasted until 1418. On January 25th, Cocco Salimbeni was arrested in the fortress of Rocca d'Orcia . In the negotiations of February 22nd, he had to cede all possessions to the Republic of Siena for his freedom, including Celle. From March 14th, Celle sul Rigo belonged to the Republic of Siena and belonged to the Podestà di San Casciano. Even after the defeat of the Republic of Siena by Florence in 1555, the town belonged to the Senese government ( Repubblica di Siena riparata in Montalcino ), which was in exile in Montalcino , for four more years . Only on August 5, 1559, after the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis , the place came to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany . Giosuè Carducci lived in the village from 1851 to 1855 when his father worked as a doctor in the village.
- Chiesa di San Paolo Converso , church ( Pieve ) in the Romanesque style in the town center, which was first documented in 1275. The travertine entrance portal was built in the 14th century and comes from the former church of Sant'Elisabetta. The holy water stoup from the 15th century and an altarpiece made of travertine (dated 1528), which is located behind the main altar, also come from this. The painted woodwork Crocifisso from the 16th century (second altar on the right) comes from the Chiesa del Corpus Domini , which was destroyed in 1697 .
- Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista , church in the town center with a bell gable , contains the statue of Madonna addolorata on a stucco altar from the 18th century.
- Chiesa di Sant'Elisabetta , church ruin in the center, which was near the Torre dell'Orologio . Was built in Romanesque style and was severely damaged in the 1933 earthquake. The last ruins fell apart in 1992.
- Cappella della Madonna delle Grazie , a chapel outside the town center with a stone facade, has the remains of a fresco (Madonna col Bambino) from the 16th or 17th century.
- Torre dell'Orologio , clock tower in the district of Celle sul Rigo. Was part of the fortifications of Castello Cellese, which were built in the 11th century.
- The Sagra dei Pici has been held on the last Sunday in May since 1970 . Handmade pici are consumed at the Sagra . The event received the Touring Club Italiano's Premio Touring in 2013 .
- The 10th section (No. 71) of the Via Francigena leads from Ponte a Rigo via Celle sul Rigo to Radicofani. The historic Via Cassia also led via Celle sul Rigo.
- Laura Martini (ed.): I Luoghi della Fede: Montepulciano e la Valdichiana senese. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore , Milan 1999, ISBN 88-04-46787-8 , p. 173 f.
- Emanuele Repetti: CELLE in Val di Paglia (Castrum de Cellis). In: Dizionario Geografico Fisico Storico della Toscana (1833–1846), online edition of the University of Siena (PDF, Italian)
- Official website of the Sistema Informativo Ambientale della Regione Toscana (SIRA) , accessed on June 28, 2015 (Italian).
- Official website of the ISTAT ( Istituto Nazionale di Statistica ) on the 2001 population figures in the province of Siena, accessed on June 28, 2015 (Italian)
- Italia in dettaglio
- Emanuele Repetti: CELLE in Val di Paglia (Castrum de Cellis).
- Alessandra Carniani: I Salimbeni. Quasi una signoria. Protagon Editori, Siena 1995, ISBN 88-8024-090-0 , p. 269
- www.cellesulrigo.com/sito/it/storia/storia.htm (no longer available, here in web.archive.org from August 13, 2015, accessed on March 23, 2017 )
- Alessandra Carniani: I Salimbeni. Quasi una signoria. Protagon Editori, Siena 1995, ISBN 88-8024-090-0 , p. 273 f.
- Laura Martini (ed.): I Luoghi della Fede: Montepulciano e la Valdichiana senese.
- Alessandra Carniani: I Salimbeni. Quasi una signoria. Protagon Editori, Siena 1995, ISBN 88-8024-090-0 , p. 278 f.
- Official website of the Province of Siena on the Premio Touring for Celle sul Rigo and the Sagra dei Pici , accessed on June 29, 2015 (Italian).