Clemens Adolf Thaer (born December 8, 1883 in Berlin ; † January 2, 1974 in Detmold ) was a German mathematics historian , university teacher and high school teacher. From 1919 to 1921 he was a member of the Prussian state assembly . After the seizure of power in 1933, he resisted the exclusion of Jews and those who thought differently.
Youth and Studies
Thaer was the second oldest of five children of the married couple Albrecht Wilhelm Thaer (1855–1921) and Emilie, geb. Fuhr (1857–1918) born in Berlin. His great-great-grandfather was Albrecht Daniel Thaer . Thaer spent his school days in Berlin, Halle (Saale) and Hamburg . His father was a mathematics teacher in Hamburg and director of the Holstentor secondary school . In 1901 Thaer passed his Abitur in Hamburg.
He began to study mathematics and physics at the University in Giessen . There the mathematician and then rector Moritz Pasch became aware of him. They started working together and produced a textbook on calculus . During his studies in Gießen 1901/02 he became a member of the student union Academic Society Das Kloster . In the fall of 1906 Thaer passed his doctoral examination in 1907 was followed by a job as a research assistant at the University in Jena . There he completed his habilitation in 1909 with a thesis on Galois' equation theory ( algebra ).
Professor and teacher
After the war he ran as a member of the German People's Party (DVP) and was elected on January 26, 1919 to the Prussian State Constitutional Assembly, the forerunner of the Prussian State Parliament , which sat until 1921 . In 1920 he wanted to change from university to school service. In addition to his work as a member of parliament, he entered a Berlin grammar school as a trainee lawyer and passed the assessor examination there in September 1920. He later became a teacher at the present Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium employed in Greifswald. The teaching profession (mathematics, chemistry and astronomy) fulfilled him. But he also continued to give lectures at Greifswald University.
In 1931 he began to translate “ The Elements of Euclid ”, for which (and further research) he also learned the Arabic language and which was to occupy him for 9 years. It was published in five volumes of the series " Ostwald's Classics of Exact Sciences ".
After the National Socialists seized power, his negative attitude towards the NSDAP made him increasingly problematic in his school service. He refused entry into the Nazi teachers ' association, campaigned publicly for Jews and supported the school director Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Schmidt (1873–1951), who was transferred in 1935 because of his attitude towards the Hitler Youth and then dismissed. As a result, Thaer was also transferred to the cathedral school in Cammin (Western Pomerania) on November 1, 1935 . As early as February 1, 1936, he was assigned to the advanced school for boys in Cammin. In July 1936, the Reich Minister for Science, Education and Public Education, Bernhard Rust, caused Thaers to be deleted from the university's course catalog. This ended his 22-year teaching career at Greifswald University.
In 1939, when he was 56 years old, he had to retire from school, and he was not even allowed to give tutoring in mathematics. Only after the end of the war could he teach again; he first worked as a teacher in Spiekeroog and then again for five years in Hohenwerda. He also published numerous scientific papers.
Thaer died in Detmold in 1974 and was buried in Hamburg. The Greifswald Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn School commemorated his many years of activity with a plaque. In addition, the “Clemens Thaer Prize” for the best mathematics school-leaving certificate is awarded at the school.
In 1911 Thaer married Gertrud Pasch (1882–1929), the daughter of his Gießen university professor. The marriage resulted in two sons and a daughter. After the death of his wife, he married Elfriede Anna Medenwald (1892–1980) in Greifswald in 1929. In 1931 she gave birth to a son.
- On invariants that correspond to symmetrical properties of a point system , doctoral thesis, BG Teubner, Leipzig 1906
- Moritz Pasch, Fundamentals of Analysis . Elaborated with the assistance of Clemens Thaer, Teubner, Leipzig 1909
- An extension of Galois' theory to algebraic equations with multiple roots , habilitation thesis, BG Teubner, Leipzig 1909
- Euclid, The Elements , Clemens Thaer (Ed. And Exercise), Part 1 (Book I-III), Part 2 (Book IV-VI), Part 3 (Book VII-IX), Part 4 (Book X), Part 5 (Book XI), Part 6 (Book XII-XIII), in: Ostwald's Classics of Exact Sciences , Volume 235 ff., Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig 1933, 1935, 1936 and 1937
- Friedrich Bertkau and Gerhard Oestreich ( editor-in-chief ): Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar , 7th edition, Gruyter, Berlin 1950
- Joachim Buhrow: Report on professor Prof. Dr. Clemens Thaer in: Biographies of excellent teachers and students at the state grammar school in Greifswald , support group at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium Greifswald in Western Pomerania (publisher), volume 1, Greifswald 1997
- Herrmann AL Degener (Ed.): Degeners Who is it? , Degener, 1935
- Peter Schreiber: Clemens Thaer (1883-1974) - A mathematician in the resistance against National Socialism , Sudhoffs Archiv, Volume 80, 1996, pp. 78-85
- Philipp Stauff : literary encyclopedia of writers, poets, bankers, moneyers, doctors, actors ... of Jewish race and ethnicities who were active and known in Germany from 1813–1913 ( "semi-furriers" ), Volume 1, SV, Berlin 1913
- Rudolf Thaer: Clemens Thaer (1883–1974) , in: Eberhard Willich, Martin Willich 1583–1633 and his descendants, table of descendants of Martin Willich (1583–1633) , as of December 2004, undated, Heidelberg 2004, p. 270 f.
- according to Peter Schreiber, Clemens Thaer (1883–1974) - a mathematician in the resistance against National Socialism , in: Sudhoffs Archive: Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftsgeschichte , 80 (1), 1996, pp. 78–85. Abstract and preview at jstor.org
- according to Rainer Westermann, welcome address to the honorary colloquium of the Ernst Moritz University Greifswald , March 30, 2007, at Uni-Greifswald.de (pdf; 1.5 MB)
- Later this school was to her former school principal in Albrecht-Thaer-Gymnasium renamed
- The Black Ring. Membership directory. Darmstadt 1930, p. 24.
- As a result, the Gauleiter and Oberpräsident of Pomerania, Franz Schwede-Coburg , wrote to Thaer on August 20, 1935: “In the morning prayer on May 6, 1935 in the auditorium of the state grammar school in Greifswald, you approached the students and teachers of the institution the measure of the Reich and Prussian Minister for Science, Education and National Education regarding the Head of Studies Dr. Schmidt exercised criticism by describing the conduct of Frederick the Great in the well-known legal dispute with Müller's Arnold that Dr. Schmidt was also deliberately wronged for political reasons and the thanks would be withheld ... This behavior must be punished. With the authorization of the Minister, I am therefore punishing you in accordance with §§ 2, 9, 10 and 17 of the Civil Service Regulations with a fine of 300 RM, which is to be paid to the main government office by October 1st of the year. You will also be transferred to another higher school by me ... "
- The university management under their dean Erich Leick tried to keep him as a member of the university, so initially only granted him leave for the summer semester of 1936
- Literature about Clemens Thaer in the state bibliography MV
- Appreciation of Thaers' life ( memento from January 6, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) with photo of Thaer and image of the memorial plaque on the website of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium in Greifswald
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Thaer, Clemens Adolf|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German mathematician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 8, 1883|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||2nd January 1974|
|Place of death||Detmold|