Eberhard Hempel

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Eberhard Hempel (born July 30, 1886 in Dresden , † September 16, 1967 in Dresden) was a German art historian and professor at the Technical University of Dresden , who stood out particularly in baroque research.


Hempel was a son of the chemist Walther Hempel and his wife Louisa Delia Hempel, born in Boston (USA) . Monks . He attended the Vitzthum-Gymnasium Dresden and studied from 1907 to 1914 in Berlin, Vienna and Munich. He completed his studies with a doctorate to become Dr. phil. with Heinrich Wölfflin , in his dissertation he dealt with the baroque architect Carlo Rainaldi . In 1924 he received his habilitation at the University of Graz through Francesco Borromini . Then he worked at the Albertina in Viennaand was called in 1931 an associate professor at the University of Graz called .

In 1933 Hempel was appointed full professor for the history of architecture and general art history at the Dresden University of Technology. His official duties included the management of the architecture collection founded by Gurlitt .

Hempel joined the National Socialist German Front Fighter Association (formerly Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten ), which was transferred to the SA in 1934 . Hempel did not join the SA as a member of the high church movement . In November 1933 he signed the professors' declaration of Adolf Hitler at German universities and colleges .

After the Second World War , the chairs for “History of Architecture” and “General Art History” were merged under Hempel, who held his professorship from 1947 to 1955 again. Hempel's commitment to the Christian Church proved his opposition to National Socialism. On August 13, 1955, he converted from the Lutheran creed to the Roman Catholic Church . Hempel's courses served to train architects and provided an overview of art history. In 1949 he received an additional teaching position for art history at the University of Leipzig . In 1949 he was appointed to the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig. The University of Graz and the Technical University of Hanover awarded him an honorary doctorate . His successor in Dresden was his student Walter Hentschel . Even after his retirement , Hempel held lectures in Dresden until 1963. He died in Dresden in 1967 and was buried in the Johannisfriedhof .

Hempel's most important works include books about the Zwinger and the Catholic Court Church in Dresden, as well as about their builder Gaetano Chiaveri .

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Single receipts

  1. Reiner Pommerin : 175 years of TU Dresden. Volume 1: History of the TU Dresden 1828–2003. (Ed. on behalf of the Society of Friends and Supporters of the TU Dresden eV) Böhlau, Cologne a. a. 2003, ISBN 3-412-02303-5 .
  2. ^ Leipzig, University, Art History Institute, teachers 1945-55
  3. Member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences ( Memento from June 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  4. ^ Technical University of Dresden (ed.): Graves of professors of the alma mater dresdensis in cemeteries in Dresden and the surrounding area . 2nd edition, Lausitzer Druck- und Verlagshaus, 2003, p. 17.