Edmund Harburger

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edmund Harburger, self-portrait

Edmund Harburger (born April 4, 1846 in Eichstätt , † November 5, 1906 in Munich ) was a German draftsman and painter .


Probably because of confusion of his name, he is variously counted among the artists of Munich of Jewish origin; however, his ancestors were of Catholic faith. The great-grandfather Johann Adam Harburger (* approx. 1739; † 1802) came from Velburg in the Upper Palatinate , the grandfather Lorenz Harburger was born in 1778 in Breitenbrunn in the Upper Palatinate and died in 1845 as a cloth maker in Eichstätt; the father was Franz Xaver Harburger (* 1814 in Eichstätt; † as a businessman in Mainz). In 1838 he married Elisabeth Lauer (* 1819 in Mainz), daughter of a stone slab dealer. In Mainz, the son Edmund learned the profession of bricklayer, which he practiced until 1865. In Mainz he also received his first artistic suggestions from the animal painter Johann Erdmann Gottlieb Prestel (* 1804; † 1873), his employer's brother-in-law, and tried his hand at wall paintings in the Prussian casino.

After six years of apprenticeship, he moved to the Polytechnic in Munich in order to continue his education in construction, but more and more pursued his real passion and studied from May 1866 at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts (matriculation no. 02245) with Karl Raupp and Wilhelm ( Heinrich) Lindenschmit d. J. in the antique class. In addition to painting, he was mainly interested in illustration and caricature art; Wood engravings by him were first published in 1872 in a book by the Mainz local poet Friedrich Lennig . First the magazine “ Die Gartenlaube ” brought political caricatures from his hand, then, from 1870, the “ Fliegende Blätter ”, to which he supplied around 1,500 humorous drawings up to 1906 and, together with Adolf Oberländer and Adolf Hengeler, coined the paper around the turn of the century.

In Harburger, he studied 17th century Dutch genre painting (including David Teniers the Younger and Adriaen van Ostade ). In 1871 he stayed in Tyrol for a long time , where he painted a large number of interiors. 1876/78 copied it Old Masters in Venice. In 1882 he waited with his own large-format “E. Harburger Album ”with 60 of his works. The Munich writer Julius Beck described his studio based on a photograph by Carl Teufel .

Edmund Harburger as court jester, photo by Friedrich Müller

Harburger was a performer of ordinary people. His humorous genre pictures show Munich folk types, petty bourgeois, drinking brothers and landlords, but also aristocrats, civil servants, judges, professors and students, often in well-recorded interiors. He depicts his characters in a witty, but not caricaturing manner in the sense of exaggerated and hurtful. In addition to his humorous drawings in charcoal or soft pencil, he also created oil paintings with subjects from popular life. Numerous interior studies were done by him, and he painted still lifes and portraits , including twelve self-portraits.

His works were exhibited from 1871 in the Munich Glass Palace , in 1882/84 in the Paris Salon, in the Berlin Academy and in 1905 in the Great Berlin Art Exhibition. In 1883/84 he was represented with 19 colleagues in a Munich artist's fan. In 1890 he was represented in the publication “Heimstätten münchener Künstler” with the house he had built at 55 Nymphenburger Strasse.

Works (selection)

Harburger's works can be found in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich (“Beaux restes” and “Weinhandel”), in the Mainz Museum (including “Beet Peeler” and “Important Confrontation”), in the Darmstadt Museum, in the Munich City Museum and in museums in Gdansk, Gothenburg , Leipzig, Münster i. W., Prague, Reichenberg i. B. and Zurich. Most of the works mentioned below are pencil, chalk or pen and ink drawings or wood engravings.

  • The beer drinker
  • The village barber
  • The peasant fight
  • At the silent hearth
  • Tavern in Tyrol
  • The seamstress
  • Couple sitting on bed behind a fan
  • The cozy ones
  • Pipe smoker (watercolor drawing; around 1900)
  • Drinker with an empty jug (1890) [1]
  • Judge and accused http://www.reitzuch.de/karikaturen.htm ( Memento from May 8, 2001 in the Internet Archive )
  • Two men enjoying an opulent meal (watercolor; around 1900)
  • Two women talking while walking (pencil)
  • With apple wine (wood engraving; 1904)
  • A drink of gods (contribution to the Great Berlin Art Exhibition 1905, No. 368)
  • Portrait of an old man with a top hat and beer mug
  • A bourgeois couple (charcoal drawing)
  • Two farmers and an old woman, standing in the room, talking (oil on canvas; 1900)
  • Breastfeeding pleasure (man with two barrels) (oil; 1896) [2]
  • Three men at the Stammtisch (oil on canvas)
  • Head portrait of a boy (in the manner of Morillio; oil on canvas)
  • Portrait of a woman with a white headscarf (1875, oil) [3]

Harburger provided a humorous scene for a Munich picture fan painted on both sides with 21 images on 20 wooden segments, created in oil on wood in 1883/84.

Publications with Harburger's work

  • The gazebo . Illustrated family sheet
  • Flying Leaves , 1870–1906
  • Friedrich Lennig: Something to laugh about . With illustrations (wood engravings) by Edmund Harburger, Mainz: Franz Kirchheim 1872, 200 p., Further ed. 1879, 9th ed. 1890, 10th ed. 1920
  • The dangerous rescue , (pranks by a boy, 9 pictures with verse), 1873/74 (4th edition), hand-colored wood engravings, 37 × 27 cm
  • Edmund Harburger: 50 pictures. Munich, Braun & Schneider, undated (around 1890)
  • Edmund Harburger: E. Harburger Album , (60 sheets with mostly full-page images), Munich: Braun & Schneider (1882)
  • Süddeutsche Monatshefte (1907) (including Harburger's caricatures)
  • Münchner Humor, one hundred drawings and jokes by Edmund Harburger , (annual edition 1984/85 from the company Kaut-Bullinger & Co GmbH & Co KG), Munich: Fritz Kriechbaumer o. J. (1985), approx. 100 non-pag. S. m. full page. Cartoons


  • Harburger, Edmund . In: Hermann Alexander Müller : Biographical Artist Lexicon. The most famous contemporaries in the field of fine arts of all countries with details of their works . Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1882, p. 237. Digitized
  • Harburger, Edmund : In: General Artist Lexicon. Life and work of the most famous visual artists . Prepared by Hermann Alexander Müller. Edited by Hans Wolfgang Singer . 2nd volume. 5th unaltered edition. Literary publishing house Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt am Main 1921, p. 130. Digitized
  • The Munich draftsman and genre painter Edmund Harburger . In: The onion dome. Monthly for the Bavarian people and their friends . Printing and publishing house Josef Habbel, Regensburg 1947, issue 2,
  • Edwart Mager: Edmund Harburger - an artist from Eichstätt , in: Historische Blätter für Stadt und Landkreis Eichstätt 28, 1979, No. 5
  • Homesteads of Munich artists . 5 illustrations on one sheet, (shows the houses of Matthias Schmidt , Edmund Harburger, Franz von Lenbach , Hans Theyer , Franz von Defregger ), wood engraving after Franz, 1890, 33 × 23 cm
  • Dorothea Stern : Harburger, Emil . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 16 : Hansen – Heubach . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1923, p. 19-20 . (there further references).
  • Harburger, Edmund. In: Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie , Volume 4. Saur, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-598-23164-4 , p. 380
  • Adolf Wild: Caricatures that life wrote: Edmund Harburger, a Mainz draftsman for the Munich "Fliegende Blätter" . In: Mainz. Quarterly issues for culture, politics, economy, history 21, 2001, 4, pp. 99–103, ill.
  • Harburger, Edmund . In: Manfred H. Grieb (Ed.): Nürnberger Künstlerlexikon. Visual artists, artisans, scholars, collectors, cultural workers and patrons from the 12th to the middle of the 20th century . Volume 2. Saur, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-598-11763-3 , page 573. digitized .

Individual evidence

  1. "Münchener Malerateliers" (with photographs by Carl Teufel) in: Vom Fels zum Meer. Spemann's Illustrirte Zeitschrift für das Deutsche Haus , October 1889 - March 1890, columns 248 - 249. See web link to Carl Teufel!

Web links

Commons : Edmund Harburger  - Collection of images, videos and audio files