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City of Alpirsbach
Coat of arms of Ehlenbogen
Coordinates: 48 ° 22 ′ 29 "  N , 8 ° 24 ′ 47"  E
Height : 471  (450-700)  m
Residents : 400
Incorporation : April 1, 1974
Postal code : 72275
Area code : 07444

Ehlenbogen is a district of Alpirsbach in the Freudenstadt district in Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ).


View from Katzensteig to the Obere Mühle

Ehlenbogen is located in the valley of the upper Kinzig , between Alpirsbach and Loßburg in the central Black Forest. The place stretches as a scattered settlement over about 6 kilometers and has been a district of Alpirsbach since 1974 with around 400 inhabitants.

The district of Ehlenbogen extends from around 450 to 700 meters above sea level, the total area is approx. 900 ha, of which around two thirds are forest. The Kinzig has created a 200 meter deep valley in the red sandstone area on the east side of the Black Forest . The lower slopes are covered with meadows, the middle and upper slopes by a continuous coniferous forest area .

Due to the abandonment of many agricultural businesses in the last few decades, some of the areas that were previously managed as meadows were reforested or left for natural reforestation. Keeping the landscape open has therefore become a serious problem for the valley, which has been under landscape protection since 1962 .

In the valleys of western and northwestern slopes in the area of Lohmühlen-, book and Hänslesbauernbaches, there are several Kare , in the Ice Age formed, rounded Talnischen.


Ehlenbogen was first mentioned in 1099 as "ellenbogun" in a foundation note from Alpirsbach Abbey, in 1276 as "Elnbogen", and later as "Ellenbogen" and "Ehlenbogen". After the founding of the Kingdom of Württemberg , Ehlenbogen came to the Oberamt Oberndorf from the Alpirsbach monastery in 1810 . In 1824 Ehlenbogen became its own municipality, with the two districts of Ober- and Unterehlenbogen being distinguished until 1952. In 1938 Ehlenbogen was assigned to the Freudenstadt district . On April 1, 1974, Ehlenbogen was incorporated into Alpirsbach.

The origin of the place name

The name formation for the place and the valley probably goes back to a distinctive curve of the Kinzig at the southern end of the valley, at the entrance to Alpirsbach: "A little south of the village, already on Alpirsbach markings, from the mouth of the Aischbach, pushes the Reutiner Berg the north-south course of the upper Kinzig in a short curve to the west. To this day the experts have agreed that the place and valley owe their name to this characteristic place ". The local coat of arms is accordingly a so-called speaking coat of arms and shows a bent blue clad right arm with a clenched natural fist on a golden background.

The origin of the street and farm names

Am Erlenbach / Erlenhofweg  The alder is a deciduous tree with woody cones that is widespread in Central Europe . Black and gray alder are found in alluvial forests and on streams, green alder in the mountains. The Erlenbachhof was originally the Leibdinghaus of the Bernethof (now on the southern square "Gasthaus zum Adler"), which was sold in 1826.

On the Katzensteig  According to the standard work of the Swabian Dictionary , a Katzensteig is “a small, narrow path; Path, stairs ”. In this case, this applies to the old church path (path, never road) from the upper Ehlenboger Tal to the Schömberg. The visitation report from 1676 noted that it was "a high, rough mountain" to go to the mother church. Another way to get there was the path from Juntlesbauernhof (see there). Oberehlenbogen belongs from the Buchbach upwards to the Alpirsbach parish as it has not for nine centuries.

Am Lohmühlebach  The Loh is actually a small, light wood (cf. Degerloch above Stuttgart or Schopfloch in the Freudenstadt district or on the Swabian Alb). The Ehlenboger Lohmühlebach is of course derived from the Gerberlohe and refers to a former bark mill.

At the Reichenbächle  Reichenbach is self-explanatory: a flowing body of water that constantly carries plenty of water. In the German-speaking world there are an infinite number of field and place names named after them, e.g. B. Reichenbächle (city of Schiltach) or (monastery) Reichenbach (municipality of Baiersbronn).

Bach  farm The extensive property is on the left side of the valley, not far from the Kinzig, but protected from flooding. The name may come from this, but there is also a small brook coming from this side of the valley. From 1560 to 1720 the Franz family owned the farm, and since 1742 it has been owned by the Beilharz.

Gehrenbachweg  According to the Baden-Württemberg field name book, Ger, Gern (= Speer), Geren, Gerle is, in a figurative sense, a piece of land with a sharp point. Inspected or checked on the map, this is exactly the case: two smaller streams converge at acute angles , one is called Gehrnbach .

Grezenbühl  Formerly called "the Ziegler's Gut". The farm belonged to the Bernethof around 1560 and earlier. The current name suggests the family name "Krötz". In the last third of the 19th century the Krötz family (Gasthaus zum "Engel" in Alpirsbach) owned properties in Unterehlenbogen. In 1908 the farm was converted into a rest home. Since then, this has served the corresponding, not least therapeutic, facilities.

Hänslesbauernweg  Since 1701 Hans Wesner (1669–1751) has held the farm, which is lower than the Jockelsbauernhof on the Hänslesbauernbach, but just as flood-protected. In 1730 he was followed by his son Johannes (1701–1757). This is how the name of the estate can be explained. This was originally one of the largest farms in the whole of the Ehlenbog valley; the forest to the left and right of the stream was one of them. The entire property was bought by the Württemberg state in the 19th century; However, the farm and field mark could be bought back.

Jockelsbauernhof  It is protected from flooding above the Hänslesbauernbach just before it flows into the Kinzig. From 1712 the bailiff Hans Jakob (dialect Jockel) Heinzelmann (1680–1739), after him 30 years later his son of the same name (1716–1789) was the owner of the farm. This should explain the name that came up to us.

Juntleshof  It bears its name after its previous owners from a clan that is strongly represented on the Schömberg. The oldest recorded member of the Junt family was the miller Hans Junt, who died of the plague in 1610 with three children. The Hardthöfle, which is part of the property, belonged to Ehlenbogen until the 20th century. Balthes Junt withdrew to this after the sale of the estate to his son Andreas. The forest on the other side of the Kinzig also belongs to the Juntleshof area. The road (Kirchweg?) From Junthof to Schömberg is called "Stoag". In contrast, the narrow path is a "Steig" (cf. Katzensteig).

Kinzigtalstraße  Its name goes without saying, as the young river flows through the entire valley and receives a rich supply from many tributaries, so that flooding occurs again and again downstream. The Kinzig rises near Loßburg and flows into the Rhine after 93 km near Kehl. Her name is probably Celtic and simply means "river". It brought forest farmers high profits since the late Middle Ages, because their wood was very popular in Strasbourg and not least in the Netherlands. - A river of the same name , 86 km long, flows into the Main near Hanau.

Butchers' farms  The original farm, which was only divided in the last century, was particularly large. Around 1700, the farmer and butcher Johannes Beck, who was well known and obviously wealthy, took over the estate, which has since been named after his profession. The owners always had good relationships with Untertal, as can be seen in the Alpirsbach church records.

Middle, upper and lower mill  grinding mills are to be distinguished from saw mills. Sawmills were or are the following from top to bottom: Lohmühle, Stollen saw at Gehrenbach, Sägmühle at Junthof, Sägmühle at the butcher's farm, Mühlebauern-saw, Hänslesbauernsäge. In the past, the wood was not transported far, but processed as close to the forest or farm as possible. Mahlmühlen: Around the middle of the 16th century there were three mills in the valley: the Untere or Plarrmühle, probably the oldest in the village (proven since 1459), the Gebhartsmühle ("Middle Mill") and the Obere Mühle ("Stollenmühle"), which belonged to today's Schwenkenhof as "the Schätzlin's fiefdom". Today we differentiate between the Middle, Upper and Lower Mill. The Middle Mill emerged from the former Upper Mill, which until 1695 belonged to the Schwenkenhof with the corresponding properties (fields, meadows and forests). Further properties were added by the Oberdeisenhof. The previous grinding, saw and lead mill appears to have burned down in 1562, but was restored six years later. With Johann Weidenbach von Baiersbronn, this mill came to his now extensive family. Before 1836 he set up an inn, but the expansion was rejected. In over a century and a half, however, it has become a popular destination for excursions. The Obere Mühle residential area at Lohmühlebach is the site of the former Oberdeisenhof. Two Widdumen (parish estates) of the Schömberg Church and the originally independent Haugenloch estate belonged to it. The location of these goods could no longer be determined in detail as early as the 16th century. The then newly built Obere Mühle only received the right to mill in 1687 in place of the decaying Gebhardsmühle, which belonged to the Unterdeisenhof and had functioned as the "Middle Mill". The Unterdeisenhof was divided up in the 19th century, creating the “Dörfle”. The lower mill used to be called the mill farm as it was connected to the other mills in the valley. The farmer was always referred to as a miller. In 1848 the grinding, residential and economic building burned down completely as a result of lightning, but was rebuilt. Four years later she was separated from the Vogtsmichelhof, to which she had belonged until then.

Schwabenhof  Popularly known as "Schwobejerg". With rich property, it has been in the hands of the Schwab family since 1696, inherited from father to son. The first was Georg (1671–1721), then in three generations Hans Jerg (1700–1775) or Johann Georg (1772–1840).

Schwenkenhof  It took its name from one of the later owners from the unmistakable series of Schwenks, in this case a swing from the Schwenkenhof near Trollenberg (twenty-four courtyards, municipality of Lossburg), formerly the noble Trollenberg, because it was not part of the Alpirsbach monastery territory, but that of the Herrschaft Sterneck belonged. Before 1459 it was called "des Schätzlins fiefdom". A grinding and sawmill belonged to it, which was attested as "Obere Mühle", now "Middle Mill", before 1560. The former "Middle Mill" belonged to the Unterdeisenhof in today's Dörfle. The sawmill, which would have been renewed again and again later, would have been a monument, but was demolished decades ago. For more than a century, namely from 1738 to 1851, the Alpirsbacher monastery was owned by Matthias, Andreas, Christian and Georg Friedrich Schwenk. They were followed by the maiden family who still sit in the yard today.

Vogtsmichelshof  The Hofgut, located to the right of the Buchbach, which forms the old border between the upper and lower arches , was, like all old farms, built on a hill, protected from flooding . In 1800 Johann Michael Schillinger (1777-1875) came to the farm by marriage. He came from Reinerzau and was a son of the then Alpirsbacher Bruckmüller. Schillinger became bailiff and after the major administrative reform of around 1820 the first mayor of Ehlenbogen elected for life. The farm is still called after him today.

Economy and Infrastructure

No industry has settled in the Ehlenboger Tal. For centuries, agriculture (mainly livestock farming) and forestry were the main sources of income. After the Second World War, the structure loosened and Ehlenbogen became a resort. Today the visitor will find several restaurants and pensions, as well as a campsite in the valley. The wide network of hiking trails through and around the place is maintained by the Black Forest Association .

Road traffic

Federal road 294 , a much-used connection between the northern and southern Black Forest, runs through the Ehlenboger Tal . The section between Alpirsbach and Loßburg was completed in 1859 after a two-year construction period.

Local public transport

The Kinzigtalbahn Offenburg – Hausach – Freudenstadt , opened in 1886, runs parallel to the road , on which the SWEG's Ortenau S-Bahn runs every hour without stopping in Ehlenbogen. The Freudenstadt District Transport Association ensures bus traffic through the valley .


Sons and daughters of the place

  • Peter Weidenbach (born December 25, 1934), the forester was head of department in the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Rural Areas and head of the Karlsruhe forestry department.
  • Sebastian Faißt (born March 7, 1988 in Alpirsbach; † March 3, 2009 in Schaffhausen, Switzerland), national handball player

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 492 .
  2. G. Krienke: Ehlenbogen. About the structure and history . Weka Verlag, Stuttgart 1974.


  • G. Krienke: Ehlenbogen. About the structure and history . Weka Verlag, Stuttgart 1974.
  • H. Köhrer: Chronicle of the farms in Ehlenbogen . Alpirsbach-Ehlenbogen, self-published no year.
  • F. Weidenbach: True stories from the mill and almost true events from the Ehlenboger Tal . Weka Verlag, Stuttgart 1971.

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