Emil Boc (born September 6, 1966 in Răchițele , Cluj County ) is a Romanian politician and scientist . From December 2008 to February 2012 he was Romanian Prime Minister . His term of office culminated in the state crisis in Romania in 2012 .
At the end of the 1990s, Emil Boc shifted the focus of his activities to the political field. In 2003 he became a member of the leadership of the Partidul Democrat ( Democratic Party ). He was mayor of Cluj-Napoca from the 2004 local elections to early 2009 . In the summer of 2005, Boc became chairman of the Partidul Democrat, whose exit from the Socialist International he also pursued, as well as joining the European People's Party in 2006.
After the merger of his party with the Partidul Liberal Democrat ( Liberal Democratic Party ) under Theodor Stolojan , he took over the party chairmanship of the newly founded Partidul Democrat Liberal ( Democratic Liberal Party ) in December 2007 .
As a result of the parliamentary elections in 2008 , from which his party emerged victorious together with the social democratic PSD , Emil Boc was tasked with forming a government on December 15, 2008 after the PD-L top candidate Stolojan withdrew. On December 22, 2008, the Romanian parliament elected him as the new Prime Minister with 324 votes to 115.
On October 1, 2009, the PSD terminated the coalition with Bocs PD-L and withdrew all of its ministers from government. The background was a dispute over the Ministry of the Interior. Boc had pushed through the dismissal of the social democratic interior minister Dan Nica in order to fill the office with a party friend. Since the Ministry of the Interior was responsible for organizing the presidential elections in November 2009 , the PSD saw an attempt at election manipulation by Boc. Boc then continued his cabinet as a PD-L minority government.
On October 13, 2009, Emil Boc was expressed suspicion by parliament . The opposition PNL , which, together with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, had put in a vote of no confidence in Boc, then sought a transitional government under the politically independent politician Klaus Johannis . The state president Traian Băsescu , who is close to Boc and who has the right to propose the prime minister, rejected Johannis and nominated Boc as prime minister again after he won the presidential election on December 17th. Boc formed a government from PD-L and UDMR (see Cabinet Boc II ), which was ratified by parliament on December 23. This ended a month-long political crisis.
On December 20, 2010, a motion of no confidence against Boc failed in parliament, which was only supported by 190 instead of the required 236 MPs.
On February 6, 2012, Boc announced the resignation of his government. He justified the decision, which was announced at a cabinet meeting broadcast live on television, with the wish to "relax the political and social situation in the country".
In June 2012, Boc was re-elected Mayor of Cluj-Napoca.
- Hotnews.ro, December 15, 2008, accessed December 15, 2008
- ziua.ro, December 22, 2008, accessed December 22, 2008
- Die Presse : Romania: Interior Minister dismissed, coalition before rupture of October 1, 2009, accessed on October 1, 2009.
- Die Presse : Vote of no confidence: Romania's government overthrown October 13, 2009.
- Bucharest Herald of December 17, 2009, accessed on December 17, 2009 ( Memento of the original of December 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. from October 13, 2009.
- December 2010 (rulers.org)
- Romanian center-right government resigns ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Stern Online, February 6, 2012.
- Results finale alegeri locale 2012 Cluj. Emil Boc a redevenit primar: “Un ochi rade, altul plange” , stirileprotv.ro, June 11, 2012.
- List of Honorary Doctorates from Michigan State University
- Emil Boc , in: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 19/2012 from May 8, 2012, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of the article freely available)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Romanian scientist and politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 6, 1966|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Răchițele , Cluj County|