Life and accomplishments
After attending school and high school in Hamburg, Bernheim studied at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin and the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg . During his studies he became a member of the Gotia Greifswald singing association (in the special houses association ). In 1873 he received his doctorate from the University of Strasbourg under Georg Waitz . In 1875 he completed his habilitation with Julius Weizsäcker at the Georg-August University in Göttingen . In 1883 he was appointed professor for medieval history and historical auxiliary sciences at the University of Greifswald, where he taught until his retirement in 1921. In 1899 he was rector of the University of Greifswald. Bernheim married in 1886 and converted from Judaism to Protestantism. From 1910 he was a corresponding member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .
Bernheim became world famous for his textbook on the historical method and the philosophy of history , which appeared for the first time in 1889 and has been translated into numerous languages. Bernheim was in extensive correspondence with Henri Pirenne and Karl Lamprecht . In addition to his textbook, which was widely used as a standard work during Bernheim's lifetime, a collection of documents on German constitutional history , which he had compiled together with Wilhelm Altmann , was a very useful reference work among history students. After 1945, however, Bernheim's textbook was “out of date and conservative”, and its international reception quickly waned.
- Historical research and philosophy of history. Published by Robert Peppmüller, Göttingen 1880 ( urn : nbn: de: gbv: 9-g-3133951 ).
- Textbook of historical method and philosophy of history. 5th and 6th edition / edition. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1908 ( digitized in the Internet Archive ) (first as: Textbook of the historical method. With evidence of the most important sources and aids for studying history . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889; see digitized 3rd and 4th edition 1903 ).
- Local history and local history in their importance for science and teaching. In: Pomeranian Yearbooks. Volume 1, 1900, pp. 15-32.
- The Worms Concordat and its preliminary documents with regard to creation, formulation and legal validity. Breslau 1906 (reprint: Scientia-Verlag, Aalen 1970, ISBN 3-511-04081-7 ).
- Selection of European constitutional documents from 1791 to 1871. Bruncken, Greifswald 1910 ( urn : nbn: de: gbv: 9-g-4881067 ).
- Selected documents on the constitutional history outside Germany since 1776 , 2nd increased edition (1913).
- Selected documents on the Brandenburg-Prussian constitutional and administrative history , 1st part: 15. – 18. Century , 2nd greatly increased edition (1914).
- Selected documents on the Brandenburg-Prussian constitutional and administrative history , 2nd part: 1806–1849 , 2nd greatly increased edition (1915).
- (Ed. With Wilhelm Altmann ): Selected documents explaining the constitutional history of Germany in the Middle Ages. For hand use by lawyers and historians , Gaertner, Berlin 1891; Weidmann, 5th edition, Berlin 1920.
- Introduction to the science of history . Göschen, Leipzig 1905 (= Göschen Collection , Vol. 270; abridged version of Bernheim's textbook; digital version of the 1907 edition ).
- Medieval views of time in their influence on politics and historiography. Tübingen 1918 (reprint: Scientia-Verlag, Aalen 1964).
- Irene Blechle: “Discoverer” of university education. The university reformers Ernst Bernheim (1850–1942) and Hans Schmidkunz (1863–1934). Shaker, Aachen 2002 (= reports from education ), ISBN 3-8265-9943-8 .
- Knut Langewand: History in Historicism. Philosophy of history and historical method with Ernst Bernheim. Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2009 (= European university publications. Series 3: History and its auxiliary sciences , volume 1059), ISBN 978-3-631-58135-3 .
- Joachim Laczny: From Ernst Bernheim to Bologna. Or: From “solid technical skills” to “historical skills” . In: Information. Journal for library, archive and information in Northern Germany. Volume 33, 2 (2013), , pp. 309-347.
- Mircea Ogrin: Ernst Bernheim (1850–1942). Historian and science politician in the German Empire and in the Weimar Republic . Steiner, Stuttgart 2012, ISBN 978-3-515-10047-2 .
- Gottfried Opitz : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 125 ( ).
- Volker Schimpff : 100 years of Ernst Bernheim's "Textbook of the Historical Method" . In: Neue Museumskunde 33 (1990), , pp. 315-319.
- Hans Schleier : Ernst Bernheim's history in his "textbook of historical method". In: Wolfgang Küttler (Ed.): The long 19th century. People, events, ideas, upheavals. Ernst Engelberg on his 90th birthday. Half volume 1. Trafo-Verlag, Berlin 1999 (= treatises of the Leibniz-Sozietät 1), ISBN 3-89626-158-4 , pp. 275–292.
- Rembert Unterstell : Klio in Pomerania. The history of the Pomeranian historiography 1815 to 1945. Böhlau, Köln a. a. 1996, ISBN 3-412-14495-9 , pp. 67-76.
- Bernheim, Ernst. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 2: Bend Bins. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-598-22682-9 , pp. 284-288.
- Association of Alter SVer (VASV): Address book. Membership directory of all old men. As of October 1, 1937. Hanover 1937, p. 84.
- Member of Ernst Bernheim at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on January 4, 2017.
- Mircea Ogrin: Ernst Bernheim (1850–1942). Historian and science politician in the German Empire and in the Weimar Republic . Steiner, Stuttgart 2012, pp. 319–342; Volker Schimpff : 100 years of Ernst Bernheim's "Textbook of the Historical Method" . In: Neue Museumskunde 33 (1990), pp. 315-319.
- Stefan Jordan : Review Mircea Ogrin: Ernst Bernheim (1850–1942). Historian and science politician in the German Empire and in the Weimar Republic. Steiner, Stuttgart 2012 . In: Historische Zeitschrift 298 (2014), pp. 242–244, doi : 10.1515 / hzhz-2014-0085 .
- Philipp Losch . In: Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen , vol. 65, issue 7/8, July / August 1951, pp. 284–286.
|Johannes Rehmke||Rector of the University of Greifswald
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 19, 1850|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 3, 1942|
|Place of death||Greifswald|