Ernst Blass

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ernst Blass (born October 17, 1890 in Berlin , † January 23, 1939 in Berlin; pseudonyms : Daniel Stabler and Erich Sternow ) was an important early Expressionist poet , critic and writer .


Ernst Blass was born as the only and also health-sensitive, highly intelligent boy into a Berlin Jewish factory owner's family and grew up with three older and two younger sisters. He attended the Royal Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Berlin , where he passed his Abitur in 1908. The first poems are known from his last school years. In early 1908 he suffered the first of a series of occasional epileptic seizures, which disappeared again towards the end of his student days in 1914/15, but saved him from military service in the First World War .

At the request of parents, he studied at the Berlin University Friedrich-Wilhelms- Jura . In 1909 he met the writer Kurt Hiller in the Café des Westens - presumably mediated by Heinrich Eduard Jacob - through whose New Club he came into contact with Georg Heym and Jakob van Hoddis . With them he soon formed "the trio of important poets in the club" (Hippen), which contributed significantly to the public success of the Neopathetic Cabaret , with which the club members went public. In early 1911 he resigned from the club with Hiller and others and founded the competing literary cabaret GNU with him . Poems were published in the most important journals of literary early expressionism such as Die Aktion and Der Sturm or Die Fackel by Karl Kraus .

In May 1912 appeared twelve of his poems featured in Hiller's provocative as "rigorous collection of radical verses" anthology The condor in the publishing house of Richard Weissbach Heidelberg : It contained 97 poems by 14 authors and caused quite a stir. Half a year later Weissbach also brought Blass' first volume of poetry, The Streets I Come Along Blown out. This suddenly made him famous as a poet.

In spring 1913 at the latest, Blass moved to Heidelberg University to complete his studies . Here he moved into the house on the Neckar , on the Neckar , impressively described by the Mannheim writer Friedrich Burschell , to the psychologist and psychiatrist Arthur Kronfeld , whom he knew from Hiller's circle and who soon became his personal doctor and friend because of his seizures. In his collection The Poems of Separation and Light, published in the second year of the war, he dedicated an impressive sonnet to him in the group of Poems of Separation entitled "Then you'll remember me ..." . In addition to Burschell, Blass also met Kronfeld's colleague Karl Jaspers and the sculptor Benno Elkan as well as Friedrich Sieburg , Jacob Picard and others in Heidelberg .

From January 1914 he published his literary-philosophical monthly magazine Die Argonauten , published by Weissbach , in which, in addition to his own poems, he made contributions by authors as diverse as Burschell and Kronfeld, Ernst Bloch , Leonard Nelson , Max Scheler , Gustav Radbruch , Walter Benjamin , Franz Werfel , Robert Musil , Rudolf Borchardt and others. The war ruined other plans.

After receiving his doctorate in 1915, he returned to Berlin , where he worked as an archivist at Dresdner Bank until 1920 . He then switched to journalism and worked as a theater and film critic for various Berlin newspapers. From 1924 he also worked as an editor at Paul Cassirer Verlag. Blass wrote film reviews for the Berliner Tageblatt from 1924 to 1933 . The trademark of the film critic Ernst Blass, who also wrote essays on cinema: the relaxed, conversational tone of the feature pages, the language game, the punch line and the silly pun.

His tuberculous eye condition began in 1926 , which over the years led to almost complete blindness . With the beginning of the Third Reich , his work and publication opportunities were increasingly limited. Finally he died impoverished in a Jewish hospital as a result of a long-unrecognized pulmonary tuberculosis ; his death went largely unnoticed even in exile circles.

With his volume of expressionist poems, The Streets I Come Along Blown, Ernst Blass introduced all of the facets of life in the modern city into German poetry . Starting with the means of transport to the many amusements and the rhythms of life in a modern metropolis. His Berlin friends met his change to a neoclassical style under the influence of the George Circle in Heidelberg with reserve. In the second half of the 1920s, however, his poetry caught up with the New Objectivity trend . It is unusual that after the Second World War he was hardly noticed as an important author of early expressionism.


  • In a foreign city. Heidelberg 1912.
  • I come blown along the streets. Heidelberg 1912.
  • The poems of separation and light. Leipzig 1915, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/ double-sided% 3D ~ LT% 3D ~ PUR% 3D .
  • The killing of the requesting party (§ 216 RStGB). Heidelberg 1916.
  • The poems of summer and death. Leipzig 1918.
  • About the style of Stefan Georges . Heidelberg 1920.
  • The open stream. Heidelberg 1921.
  • The essence of the new dance art. Weimar 1921, ²1922.
  • The paradisiacal moment. 1930 (under the name Daniel Stabler).
  • The streets I come blown along - poems. With 9 orig. Linocuts by Walter Kroe. Afterword by Thomas B. Schumann. Patio Verlag, Frankfurt 1975.
  • I come blown along the streets - All the poems. Edited and with an afterword by Thomas B. Schumann. New edition Munich / Vienna: Hanser Verlag, 1980. ISBN 3-446-13139-6 .
  • Work edition in three volumes. Edited by Thomas B. Schumann. Edition Memoria, Cologne 2009.
    • Volume 1: All the poems " I come along the streets "
    • Volume 2: Stories and features " Holidays from the Berlin pavement "
    • Volume 3: Literary essays " The reader sees a new world "
  • Tom Riebe (Ed.): Ernst Blass. Versensporn - Booklet for lyrical charms No. 28, Edition POESIE SCHMECKT GUT, Jena 2017, 100 copies.
  • in kino veritas. Essays and reviews on the film. Berlin 1924–1933. Selected, with an epilogue and edited by Angela Reinthal. With a foreword by Dieter Kosslick. Berlin: Elfenbein Verlag , 2019. ISBN 978-3-96160-008-3 .


  • Die Argonauten , Heidelberg 1914–1921 (six issues appeared in 1914,two in 1915, one issue in 1916and a final issue in 1921 with the number tenth to twelfth issue , so that formally the one - and only - year was completed.)



  • Sabina Becker: Ernst Blass. In: Metzler's Lexicon of German-Jewish Literature. Jewish authors in the German language from the Enlightenment to the present. Ed. by Andreas B. Kilcher. Stuttgart 2000, pp. 70-72 ISBN 347601682X
  • Friedrich Burschell : Memories 1889-1919. Ed. by Roland Krischke. Ludwigshafen 1997 (Publications of the City Archives Ludwigshafen am Rhein Volume 23) ISBN 3924667276
  • Michael Buselmeier : Literary tours through Heidelberg. A city story on the move. Heidelberg 1996 ISBN 3884231006
  • Pale, serious. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 3: Birk – Braun. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-598-22683-7 , pp. 49-56.
  • Reinhard Hippen: Cracked Nerve Culture - Cabaret by the neopathetics and Dadaists. pendo, Zurich 1991 ISBN 3858422053
  • Angela Reinthal: "Where heaven and Kurfürstendamm meet". Studies and sources on Ernst Blass. With an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary literature. Igel, Oldenburg 2000 ISBN 3896211129
  • Angela Reinthal: "But Paul Ernst can be appreciated" - Paul Ernst's reception at Ernst Blass. in: Hans Thomé (Ed.): Paul Ernst. Outsider and contemporary. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2002, pp. 205-216 ISBN 3826022009
  • Thomas B. Schumann: History of the "New Club" in Berlin as the most important stimulus for literary expressionism. A documentation. In: EMUNA. Horizons for Discussing Israel and Judaism 1974: IX, No. 1, 55–70
  • Thomas B. Schumann: Epilogue to Ernst Blass: "I blow the streets along". All the poems. Ed. by Th.B. Schumann. Hanser, Munich 1980, pp. 163-182 ISBN 3446131396
  • Thomas B. Schumann: A sparkle between steel and the viola flower. Life and work of the expressionist Ernst Blass (1890–1939). in: Th. B. Schumann: Asphaltliteratur. 45 essays and notes on authors ostracized and persecuted in the Third Reich. Guhl, Berlin 1983, pp. 31-45 ISBN 978-3882201529

Individual proof

  1. Süddeutsche Zeitung: Vampchen Glow. Retrieved November 24, 2019 .

Web links