Guide (reference book)

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As leaders called reference books are books , books and the like that contain information about various topics, places or institutions. They are also named with the English term guide and are either structured thematically, alphabetically or by location. In some cases, reviews of the objects described are given, such as the awarding of stars for restaurants and accommodation as well as places of interest in travel guides.

Guides can also be offered in digital form as static e-books or dynamic web pages, such as: B. the free travel guide Wikivoyage .


One of the earliest travel guides is the German-language reference work created by the geographer Johann Gottfried Gregorii in 1711 "The now flourishing Thuringia in its most illustrious and glorious heads" ( sic !) For travelers to Thuringia with information on residents, history, legends, sights (buildings, educational institutions, Collections, libraries), personalities and hotel business. For Weimar, for example, he recommended a visit to the ducal library in Weimar and an overnight stay in the Hotel Elephant .

Heinrich August Ottokar Reichard (1751–1828), writer and journalist from Gotha , also wrote early travel guides . His books were so well known in France that the words Guide Reichard (Eng. "Reichard-Führer") are still used as a generic term for travel guides .

From the middle of the 19th century, the market for German-language travel guides was so largely dominated by the Baedeker publishing house and its founder of the same name that even competitors quoted his main work to prove their own information. To this day, this has resulted in travel guides being sometimes referred to as Baedeker for short, although there are now significantly more providers.





See also

Web links

Commons : Guide  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Guide  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Thuringia, which is now flourishing, in its most lucid and glorious heads / presented by Johann Gottfried Gregorii , Erfurt 1711; Bavarian State Library, Munich
  2. Audio contribution: The Invention of Tourism in Central Germany - The Passenger on the Journey (Part 1) and Part 2 on , from January 2nd and 7th 2013.
  3. ^ August Mandl : From Vienna to Trieste, along with journeys from Bodenbach, Olmütz, Krakow, Linz, Pesth to Vienna and from Trieste to Venice. Travel guide for all stations of the KK Priv. Southern runway . Literary-artistic department of the Austrian Lloyd, 2nd edition. Trieste 1860, p. 207.