Localization specialist group

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FGr location (type A)

The specialist group Locating (FGr O) as a specialist group of the THW explores damaged areas and locates or locates buried, trapped, missing and lost people using technical tracking devices and, if necessary, through the use of trained and tested rescue dog teams (in accordance with DIN 13050 ). In particular, it supports rescue units in fulfilling their tasks.

The Technical Relief Organization has been maintaining three (previously two) different types of localization since 2019. These differ in their methods of locating people and thus in their equipment.

Types :

  1. Type A : Biological (rescue dogs) and technical location
  2. Type B : Biological detection only
  3. Type C : Technical location only

Vehicles / equipment

As shown, the specialist group is part of the technical train and maintains

  • Personnel Carrier (MTW)
  • Trailer for the transport of rescue dogs (Fgr. O type A and B)
  • Special location device (Fgr. O type A and C)
  • Rescue dogs (Fgr. O type A and B)

Personnel / strength

Short form:

Type A: 0/2/7/9
Type B: 0/2/7/9
Type C: 0/2/4/6

Function and helper overview:

  • 1 group leader (technical advisor location)
  • 1 squad leader (technical advisor location)
  • in addition: 1 squad leader (instructor for biological location for type A and B)
  • Type A and B 7 specialist assistants / Type C: 4 specialist assistants
In the localization specialist group, the following additional functions are occupied by the technical assistants (double additional functions required, e.g. driver and radio operator):
  • Type A and B only: 6 rescue dog handlers
  • Type A and C: 4 operator technical tracking device
  • 2 BE drivers / radio operators
  • 2 paramedics

There are 71 localization specialist groups throughout Germany.

Rescue dogs

The rescue dogs are used in so-called rescue dog teams at the THW. A team consists of the rescue dog handler and the rescue dog itself. A rescue dog team at the THW has 2 years to prepare for the first test (rubble test). If the rubble test has been passed, there is still the possibility of taking a surface test. A surface test can only be carried out after the rubble test has been passed. The exams at THW are valid for 18 months, after which the team is no longer ready to work and a new exam must then be taken. The exams themselves take place at the THW at one of the two locations of the THW federal school in Hoya or Neuhausen. Type A and B locating groups are only considered operational if they have at least three certified rescue dog teams.

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