Flag of Samoa
|Flag of Samoa|
|Vexillological symbol :||?|
|Aspect ratio:||1: 2|
|Officially accepted:||February 24, 1949|
The current flag of Samoa was officially introduced on February 24, 1949.
The colors are interpreted as follows:
- Red stands for courage
- White symbolizes purity
- Blue stands for freedom
The kingdom of Western Samoa , which was independent in the 19th century , carried flags with red and white colors before colonial rule. A source reports a red flag with a white crescent and five-pointed star similar to the current flag of Turkey for the period from 1858 to 1873 . However, since no Islamic influence on the islands is known at this time, it is assumed that it comes from Polynesian symbolism.
In 1900 Western Samoa became a German colony under the name Deutsch-Samoa under the flag of the German Empire . The design of its own colonial flag from 1914 with three palm trees as a symbol for Samoa was never implemented due to the outbreak of the First World War .
New Zealand occupied the German colony in 1914 and took over administration of the islands. On July 30, 1922, the islands received a Blue Ensign for use on land and a Red Ensign for use at sea. The three palm trees again served as a symbol of Samoa.
In preparation for independence, Western Samoa received a new flag in 1948, designed by traditional rulers Tupua Tamasese Mea'ole and Malietoa Tanumafili II . In contrast to today's flag, it only had four stars for the Southern Cross , corresponding to the flag of New Zealand . On February 24, 1949, another star modeled on the flag of Australia was added.
? Flag of the Kingdom of Samoa (1858 to 1873)
? Flag of the Kingdom of Samoa (1875 to 1900)
? Flag of the German Empire (1900 to 1914)
? Design for the colonial flag of German Samoa 1914
? Flag of New Zealand during the 1914-1922 occupation
? Western Samoa (1948 to 1949)
- Karl-Heinz Hesmer: Flags and coats of arms of the world. History and symbolism of the flags and coats of arms of all states . Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag, Gütersloh 1992, ISBN 3-570-01082-1 .
- Smith / Neubecker: coats of arms and flags of all nations . Munich 1980, ISBN 3-87045-183-1 .