Friedrich Bernhard Werner

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Friedrich Bernhard Werner (born January 28, 1690 in Kamenz in Lower Silesia , other sources name Frankenstein or Reichenau (district of Kamenz) as the place of birth ; † April 20, 1776 in Breslau ) was a German draftsman and engraver.


Werner's drawing of the Franciscan Church with the monastery complex in Opole, Silesia, in 1764
Werner's drawing of the Chorula estate near Gogolin, Silesia

Coming from a small family, Werner first attended the Jesuit high school in Neisse, then went on a hike at a young age and led such an adventurous life as a soldier , quack , translator, writer and machine director of a theater that he called himself a "Silesian Robinson" designated. On his travels he was “informed about the art of engineering” in order to improve his drawing skills “by noting my natural instinct for drawing”.

On October 18, 1718 he married Maria Eleonora Frantz from Frankenstein.

When the Augsburg art publishers ( Jeremias Wolff's heirs) offered him the opportunity to make preliminary drawings for cityscapes in 1720 , he hiked and traveled to large parts of Europe and made the templates of numerous larger cities with great success for their copperplate engraving production as a "complete Scenographus". For a time he was also a fortress conductor in Stade and in 1729 recruiting workers for a Dutch porcelain factory , which he had collected in Bremen . Here he made a copper engraving in 1729 as a bird 's eye view of the Bremen cityscape . He then continued to travel Europe and worked as a geometer and engineer at various royal houses from 1739 . In 1744 Frederick the Great awarded him the title of Royal Prussian Scenographicus .

Werner then moved to Breslau in 1746 as a court geometer and royal scenographer and lived here until his death.


His drawings of the Silesian Peace Churches , Gnadenkirchen and Prayer Houses ( 1748 - 1752 , reprinted 1989 ) and his five-volume topography of the Duchy of Silesia with around 3,000 manuscript pages and more than 1,400 colored ink drawings are important for historical house research, monument preservation, art and history , which he often made “in locu tenens”, of the greatest interest.

Hundreds of cityscapes are known from Werner, which were drawn by him and transferred to copper plates by several engravers, such as Johann Christian Leopold . The views were also templates for other artists.

  • Perspective presentation of those of Sr. Königl. Majest. in Prussia, as Supreme Duke in Silesia, most graciously conceded Beth-houses AC
Part I to V (1748–1752)
  • Silesia in Compendio seu Topographia that is the presentation and description of the Duchy of Silesia […]
Pars I ( digitized version )
Pars II ( digitized version )
Pars III ( digitized version )
Pars IV ( digitized version )
Pars V ( digitized version )
  • Topographia seu prodromus principatus Silesiae […] (so-called "Neustädter Exemplar")

Vol. 1: Upper Silesia (Teschen, Ratibor, Oppeln, Troppau, Jägerndorf, Neisse, Pless, Oberbeuthen, Loslau, Friedeck, Oderberg, Bielitz) ( digitized )

Vol. 3: Münsterberg-Frankenstein, Schweidnitz, free class lords ( digitized )

Vol. 4: Liegnitz, Brieg, Wohlau ( digitized version )

Vol. 5: Glogau, Beuthen, Sagan, Schwiebus, Hirschberg ( digitized version )

Probably between 1758 and 1765 Werner wrote an autobiography that remained unprinted and was not printed until 1921. The original was lost in 1945.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b c Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X , p.?.
  2. ^ Friedrich Bernhard Werner: Schlesische Bethäuser, Part I to V, 1748–1752 Reprint, Hildesheim, 1989, 469 p., ISBN 3-7848-8922-0
  3. Berolinum / Berlin , around 1730

Web links

Commons : Friedrich Bernhard Werner  - Collection of images, videos and audio files