George Ezekiel

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George Ezekiel

Johann George Ludwig Ezekiel (born August 12, 1819 in Halle (Saale) , † February 26, 1874 in Berlin ) was a German journalist and writer . At the beginning he also used the pseudonym Crescenzio Schwertinger .


George Ezekiel was born as the son of Superintendent General Friedrich Ezekiel and his wife Emma. Born black. He spent most of his childhood and youth in his grandfather's house. This belonged to the close circle of friends of Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim , and so Ezekiel came into contact with literature at an early age.

Ezekiel completed his school days at the Roßleben monastery school . In 1839 he enrolled at the University of Jena for history and philosophy and later moved to Halle . There he was u. a. Student of the historian Heinrich Leo and the writer Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué . In 1841 Ezekiel went to Berlin , where he shifted his studies to literature and journalism .

After completing his studies in 1842, he undertook a long journey through France , the impressions of which flowed into his later historical novels . In 1843 he returned to Germany, where he worked as a journalist. In 1845 he got a job with Heinrich August Pierer in Altenburg and worked in the editorial department of Pierer's Universal Lexicon . He also acted as co-editor of the literary magazine Rosen .

In Altenburg, Ezekiel married Elisabeth Förster, a daughter of the Gotha-born writer Leberecht Förster (1788–1846) who lived in Altenburg . With her he had two daughters, including the future writer Ludovica Ezekiel .

In April 1848, Ezekiel founded the conservative popular paper Der Patrioten Hausfreund in Zeitz , and from November of the same year he settled in Berlin. There he was accepted into the editorial staff of the Neue Preußische Zeitung and was responsible for the "French article". Since he wrote from Berlin, he invented, as Theodor Fontane reports, a legitimist marquis who would have access to the highest social circles in order to ascribe his reports to him to increase the credibility of his correspondence . In 1855 he became one of the co-founders of the socio-political weekly Berliner Revue . In Berlin he also joined the literary association Tunnel over the Spree .

George Ezekiel died in Berlin in 1874 at the age of 54 and was buried in the Old St. Matthew Cemetery in Schöneberg . The grave has not been preserved.

Artistic creation

Ezekiel's literary work - more than 100 volumes of novels , short stories , poems  - is only of interest today because of his depiction of the flow of time. The early work is influenced by his teacher and mentor Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué. However, he soon came into contact with young Germany . Inspired by Georg Herwegh , his Prussian songs were written . In his later work, Ezekiel turned to the historical novel and found his models in Theodor Fontane , Eugène Sue and Walter Scott . Ezekiel's book about Count Bismarck is the first biography of the later Chancellor.

Works (selection)

Early novels and short stories

  • The executioner and his child or Altenburg two hundred years ago , Leipzig 1844
  • Night hikes through Altenburg by Spiritus Asper the Youngest , Altenburg 1844
  • [Anon .:] The bastard brothers, or secrets of Altenburg. From the estate of a detective . 2 vols. Altenburg, 1845.

Märkische novels

  • Dear Dorel, the pearl of Brandenburg , Berlin 1851
  • Before Jena , 3 volumes, Berlin 1859
  • From Jena to Königsberg , 3 volumes, Berlin 1861
  • Until Hohenzieritz , Berlin 1861
  • Silence before the storm , 3 volumes, Berlin 1862
  • Unter dem Eisenzahn , 3 volumes, Berlin 1864 ( Brandenburg in the 14th century)
  • Lux et umbra , 3 volumes, Berlin 1861
  • Four Junkers , 3 volumes, Berlin 1865

French history novels

  • Count d'Anethan d'Entragues , Berlin 1856
  • From Turgot to Babeuf: a social novel , 3 volumes, Berlin 1856
  • Court stories , Berlin 1859
  • Lily banner and tricolor , Berlin 1859
  • The Lady of Payerne , 2 volumes, Berlin 1864


  • Prussian songs , Magdeburg 1846
  • The great elector. Little songs , Berlin 1851
  • Between swamp and sand, patriotic seals , Berlin 1863
  • From the Danish war. New Prussian Songs , Berlin 1864
  • New poems , Berlin a. a. 1866
  • Prussian high summer time. New war songs , Berlin 1866
  • Against the French, Prussian war and royal songs , 2 volumes, Berlin 1871

More novels and short stories

  • Bells Moritz. German life in the 18th century. Historical novel. 3 vols. Berlin, 1869.


  • From the life of Altenburg Castle , Altenburg 1843
  • Berlin and Rome or bigots and priests. From d. Presence of George Eesekiel , Altenburg 1846
  • Otto Theodor Freiherr von Manteuffel. A Prussian picture of life , Berlin 1851
  • Alexander II Nicolajewitsch, Emperor of Russia. A biographical note , Berlin 1855
  • Nikolaus Pawlowitsch, Emperor of Russia - A biographical note , Berlin 1855
  • Mixed company. Biographical sketches , Berlin 1867
  • Book by Count Bismarck . Bielefeld u. a. 1869 (contains family letters)
  • German War and Victory Chronicle 1870–1871 , Berlin 1871


Web links

Commons : George Ezekiel  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files
Wikisource: George Ezekiel  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin tombs . Haude & Spener, Berlin 2006. p. 303.