Gerhard Lehmbruch

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Gerhard Lehmbruch (born April 15, 1928 in Königsberg ) is a German political scientist .

Live and act

Gerhard Lehmbruch came as the eldest of three children of the Protestant pastor Werner Lehmbruch and his wife Erna, née. Müller, to the world. He grew up in Klein-Dexen , East Prussia , until he was six , before the family moved to Rehhof in West Prussia near Marienwerder . After brief military service in the winter and spring of 1945, Lehmbruch made up his Abitur in 1947 in Weferlingen and began studying Protestant theology and philosophy at the Church of the University of Berlin-Zehlendorf . After moving to the universities of Göttingen and Tübingen , he completed his studies in Berlin in 1952 with the first church service examination. He then went to the University of Basel as a postgraduate for a year .

From 1953 to 1954 Lehmbruch was a research assistant at the political science chair of Professor Theodor Eschenburg at the University of Tübingen. He then studied political science, Eastern European history and sociology in Paris and Tübingen from 1954 to 1959 . In 1962 he received his doctorate there with a thesis on the French party system. From 1960 to 1967 he was a research assistant at the University of Tübingen. There he received his habilitation in political science in 1969 , taking into account, among other things, the writing proportional democracy from 1967. From 1969 to 1973 he held the position of a scientific council and professor at the University of Heidelberg . He then accepted professorships in political science at the Universities of Tübingen (1973–1978) and Konstanz (1978–1996). From 1991 to 1994 he was chairman of the German Association for Political Science . Lehmbruch has retired since the summer semester of 1996. Lehmbruch's academic students include Manfred G. Schmidt and Edgar Grande .

Lehmbruch's research focuses on institutions , political rule systems and policy development in comparison, the forms of negotiating democracy and the mediation of political interests, i.e. the relationships between government agencies and interest groups. In 1976 he published the standard work on political parties in the federal state on the interaction of federal institutions and party competition in the Federal Republic of Germany . In this book, Lehmbruch explained the so-called structural fracture thesis for the first time .

Lehmbruch was awarded numerous scientific honors and memberships for his research. Lehmbruch is an honorary member of the Swiss Association for Political Science (2002) and the Austrian Society for Political Science (2003). In 2003 he was awarded the Theodor Eschenburg Prize for his life's work by the German Association for Political Science . In 2009 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the European Consortium for Political Research . A symposium was held on the occasion of the 85th birthday. The articles were published in 2015.

Lehmbruch has been married since 1967. The couple have two grown daughters.

Fonts (selection)


  • A little guide to studying Soviet ideology. Bonn 1958
  • The Mouvement Républicain Populaire in the IV Republic. The process of political decision-making in a French party. Eds. Thomas Ertman, Philip Manow. Nomos, Baden-Baden 2016 (originally as a phil. Diss., Tübingen 1962, copied by machine)
  • Proportional democracy. Political system and political culture in Switzerland and Austria . Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 1967
  • Negotiating democracy. Contributions to comparative governance. Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 2003, ISBN 3-531-14134-1
  • Party competition in the federal state: rule systems and tension in the political system of the Federal Republic of Germany. 3rd updated and expanded edition, Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 2000, ISBN 3-531-43126-9
  • Party competition in the state. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002798-0
  • Introduction to Political Science. 4th edition, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1971, ISBN 3-17-001255-X


  • Unification and disintegration: Germany and Europe after the end of the East-West conflict. 19th Scientific Congress of the German Association for Political Science, Leske + Budrich, Opladen 1995, ISBN 3-8100-1365-X
  • with Klaus von Beyme and Iring Fetscher: Democratic system and political practice in the Federal Republic. Piper, Munich 1971, ISBN 3-492-01844-0


  • Roland Czada, Manfred G. Schmidt (ed.): Negotiating democracy, mediation of interests, governability. Festschrift for Gerhard Lehmbruch. Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 1993, ISBN 3-531-12473-0 .
  • Florian Hartleb : Philippe C. Schmitter / Gerhard Lehmbruch (ed.): Trends Toward Corporatist Intermediation, London 1979. In: Steffen Kailitz (ed.): Key works of political science. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2007, ISBN 3-531-14005-1 , pp. 437-441.
  • Ludger Helms: Gerhard Lehmbruch, party competition in the federal state, Stuttgart a. a. 1976. In: Steffen Kailitz (Ed.): Key works of political science. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2007, pp. 233-236.
  • Clemens Jesenitschnig: Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientist and Work. A critical appreciation. Tectum, Marburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-8288-2509-3 .
  • Stefan Köppl, Tobias Nerb: Associations as dialogue partners in the cooperative state: Gerhard Lehmbruch. In: Martin Sebaldt , Alexander Straßner (Hrsg.): Classics of association research. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2006, pp. 289-301.
  • Philip Manow: Practical, democratic, good. To the political scientist Gerhard Lehmbruch on the eightieth. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , April 14, 2008, No. 87, p. 38.
  • Anton Pelinka: Gerhard Lehmbruch and Austrian Political Science. In: Austrian Journal for Political Science . Vol. 32, 2003, Issue 2, pp. 213-216.
  • Rainer-Olaf Schultze: Gerhard Lehmbruch. In: Gisela Riescher (Ed.): Political Theory of the Present in Individual Representations. From Adorno to Young (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 343). Kröner, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-520-34301-0 , pp. 278-282.

Web links


  1. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig, Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work . Marburg 2010, pp. 36-49.
  2. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig: Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work. Marburg 2010, p. 50f.
  3. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig, Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work . Marburg 2010, pp. 57–60 and 69–84.
  4. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig, Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work. Marburg 2010, p. 64.
  5. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig, Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work. Marburg 2010, pp. 103-144.
  6. Cf. Clemens Jesenitschnig, Gerhard Lehmbruch - Scientists and Work. Marburg 2010, p. 206.
  7. Manfred G. Schmidt : Laudation: Awarding of the Theodor Eschenburg Prize to Prof. Dr. Gerhard Lehmbruch on September 25, 2003 at the congress of the German Association for Political Science in Mainz. In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift 44 (2003) pp. 572-580.
  8. ^ ECPR Prize Winners
  9. Volker Schneider, Burkard Eberlein (ed.): Complex Democracy. Varieties, Crises and Transformations. Cham 2015.
  10. See the reviews by Sven Leunig in the PW portal for political science and by Wilhelm Bleek in the Politische Vierteljahresschrift (PDF) .