Gerhard von Rad
Gerhard von Rad (born October 21, 1901 in Nuremberg , † October 31, 1971 in Heidelberg ) was a German Protestant theologian (Old Testament scholar).
Gerhard von Rad was one of the most important German biblical scholars of the post-war period. He started studying theology in Tübingen. There he was a member of the Tübingen student association, the Akademische Gesellschaft Stuttgardia, which shaped southern German liberalism . In the Stuttgardia society he was friends with later liberal political greats such as Eberhard Wildermuth , Karl Georg Pfleiderer , Konrad Wittwer , Wolfgang Haussmann and Guntram Palm . He began his academic career in Leipzig as a private lecturer (1930–1934), which led him to his first professorships in Jena (1934–1945) and Göttingen (1945–1949) and finally to Heidelberg (1949–1967). From 1955 he was a full member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences . In Jena he had contact with the resistance of the Neubauer-Poser group .
Von Rad is considered to be the rediscoverer of the “ Theology of the Old Testament ” - this is also the title of his main work, which has been translated into numerous languages. As a pupil of Albrecht Alt , at the same time under the influence of the work of Hermann Gunkel , von Rad developed a tradition-historical approach to the theology of the Old Testament, which he divided into two major areas, the "theology of historical tradition" and the "theology of the prophetic tradition ”.
His turn to Old Testament science is rooted in his experiences during the Third Reich , where he first worked as vicar and then as professor in Jena, dealing with anti-Semitic currents within the Church and society, which ultimately led to an intensive lecture engagement within the Confessing Church .
His impact as an academic teacher was enormous both in the pastorate and in the academic next generation. Many of his students later held professorships at German universities such as B. Hans Walter Wolff , Odil Hannes Steck , Hans-Joachim Kraus , Rolf Rendtorff , Klaus Koch and Hans-Jürgen Hermisson . Hartmut Gese also took up key approaches from Rads .
In 1963 Gerhard von Rad was accepted into the order Pour le mérite for sciences and arts .
Works (in selection)
- The form-historical problem of the Hexateuch (BWANT 26). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer 1938.
- The first book of Moses: Genesis . - Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Vol. 1: 1949, 11 1981; Vol. 2: 1952, 6 1967; Vol. 3: 1953, 5 1967.
- The fifth book of Moses: Deuteronomy . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1964, 3 1978.
- God's Work in Israel: Lectures on the Old Testament. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener 1974. ISBN 3-7887-0404-7
- Theology of the Old Testament, Volume 1: The Theology of the Historical Tradition of Israel. Munich 1957, 10 1992. ISBN 3-459-01673-6
- Old Testament Theology, Volume 2: The Theology of the Prophetic Tradition of Israel. Munich 1967, 9 1987. ISBN 3-459-01674-4
- Wisdom in Israel. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener 1970. ISBN 3-7887-0012-2
- Johannes Madey : Gerhard von Rad. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 16, Bautz, Herzberg 1999, ISBN 3-88309-079-4 , Sp. 1307-1309.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Graf : Rad, Gerhard Paul von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 80 f. ( Digitized version ).
- M. Oeming (ed.): Theology in Israel and neighboring cultures: Contributions to the symposium "The Old Testament and the Culture of Modernity" on the occasion of the 100th birthday of Gerhard von Rad (1901–1971). Münster: LIT 2004.
- R. Smend: Gerhard von Rad , in: German Old Testament scholars in three centuries. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1989, 226-254. ISBN 3-525-53584-8
- Bernard M. Levinson and Douglas Dance: The Metamorphosis of Law into Gospel: Gerhard von Rad's Attempt to Reclaim the Old Testament for the Church, in: Recht und Ethik im Alten Testament . Münster / London: LIT Verlag 2004. pp. 83–110.
- Bernard M. Levinson: Reading the Bible in Nazi Germany: Gerhard von Rad's Attempt to Reclaim the Old Testament for the Church, in: Interpretation: a Journal of Bible and Theology 2008. pp. 238-254.
- Literature by and about Gerhard von Rad in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Gerhard von Rad in the German Digital Library
- Gerhard von Rad in the German biography
- Manfred Oeming: Rad, Gerhard von. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart 2006 ff.
- ^ Gerhard von Rad: Vita , bibelwissenschaft.de, accessed on June 15, 2016.
|SURNAME||Rad, Gerhard von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Old Testament scholar|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 21, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Nuremberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 31, 1971|
|Place of death||Heidelberg|