Gold name

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Gold name in hieroglyphics
3rd dynasty
G8 Gold name hieroglyphs

Horus ( neb-taui ) ...
Ḥr. (W) (nb-t3.w (j)) ...
"Horus (Lord of the Two Lands) ..."
Horus of gold.jpg
Horus sitting on the sign for gold ( nub )
Pectoral ( 12th Dynasty ) depicting the Horus falcon sitting on the symbol for gold ( nebu - nbw )

The gold name (also Goldhorusname ) is one of the five names in the ancient Egyptian royal titular. This designation and also the meaning of the name is still insufficiently clarified.


Cheops bark (replica) depicting a falcon bark

The king was probably equated by the gold name with the sun , which symbolically sailed as a falcon in the representation of two falcon wings across the sky in a ship or a barque . The usual sign for the gold Horus name therefore consists of a falcon ( Horus ) sitting on the hieroglyph for gold ( nebu - nbw ).

The Gold Horus name is documented as an additional official title from Djoser in the 3rd dynasty from later sources. However, the gold name can only be proven contemporary on monuments of King Sneferu . The title was generally introduced by the falcon sitting on the necklace, although this spelling remained the same until the Middle Kingdom .

Later interpretations

In Greek times , from which the Rosette stone comes, it is seen as the victory of Horus over his hostile brother Seth . But this interpretation does not correspond to the less warlike forms of this name in the older royal titles of the pharaohs of Egypt back to the 11th dynasty . In connection with the title of Thutmose III. says the king: "He ( Amun ) designed me as bik-en-nebu" ( bjk-n-nbw , "falcon of gold"). And his co-regent, Hatshepsut , calls herself "Hor-ent-dam" ( Ḥr-nt-d3m , "the Horus (female) of Fein-Gold"). Based on the term “golden room” for the pharaoh's tomb in the New Kingdom , “gold” is also interpreted as a synonym for eternity. Therefore, the gold Horus name may have an analogous meaning, expressing the wish that the king may be an "eternal Horus".

See also


Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto: Small Lexicon of Egyptology . P. 153.
  2. Rolf Felde: Egyptian kings and queens. R. Felde Eigenverlag, Wiesbaden 1995, p. 21.