Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius
Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius (* 1663 ; † January 17, 1729 in Münster ) was a Westphalian land engineer and architect . He created - partly together with his brother Peter Pictorius the Younger - numerous baroque buildings in the Münsterland .
Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius came in 1633 as the third child of Peter Pictorius the Elder to the world and was on 10 December of the same year in Muenster baptized . Trained by his father, the engineer Christoph Bernhard von Galens , around 1677 , he followed him on March 1, 1686 as a land engineer for the Principality of Münster . As early as 1681 he worked as a conductor (sub-engineer) in the expansion of the Vechta citadel . At the same time he was an infantry officer and took part in campaigns in Hungary as a lieutenant - presumably in the infantry regiment of General Anton Günther von Schwartz. By 1696 he was promoted to captain and company commander of the Schwartz regiment and took part in campaigns in France. In 1709 he was transferred to the Munster garrison troops and appointed major before he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1721 .
It is assumed that the tower of the Lambertikirche in Coesfeld, begun in 1686 and completed in 1703 , was completed by the young Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius, at least the top three floors. Pictorius' earliest plans can be traced back to 1688. In particular, the use of the blind balustrades and the closing lantern of the Lambertikirchtower, which is similar to the upper floor of the Rinkeroder parish church, suggest plans by Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius or Peter Pictorius the Younger.
Pictorius' most important castle building is the moated castle Nordkirchen , the entire complex of which he designed and the most important parts of which he realized from 1703 to 1712. The castle, which now houses the North Rhine-Westphalia University of Finance , was finally completed by Johann Conrad Schlaun . The current name of the palace as the "Westphalian Versailles" indicates that Pictorius found his role models in French architecture, among other things, but Dutch suggestions also played a major role in his work.
His other works include the Stockum house near Schöppingen , which was demolished around 1800 . On the other hand, there is no evidence that Pictorius was involved in the construction of Dankern Castle in the Emsland .
In addition, he built a large number of aristocratic courts in Munster , the basic form of which was mostly obliged to the type of Hôtel particulier common in France . While at least the right wing of the Beverfoerder Hof, which was built around 1700, could be saved, almost nothing of the Korff-Schmisingschen Hof and the Merveldtschen Hof remained. The Landsbergsche Kuria , today the seat of the Geological-Paleontological Museum in Münster, is one of the few buildings that have survived, at least in the exterior . Other designs for the aristocratic courts by Pictorius were not carried out, such as the plans for the Nordkirchener Stadthof and an aristocratic court on Bocksplatz.
The most important church buildings by Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius are the Catholic churches in Burgsteinfurt and Rinkerode . In addition to the Johannes von Nepomuk Chapel in Nordkirchen, he was also involved in the tower of the Lamberti Church in Coesfeld and the planning for the Dominican Church in Münster, which was essentially based on the designs of the architect Lambert Friedrich Corfey .
Although, unlike his father, Pictorius is not aware of any study trips, his designs express the acquaintance of the sample books by authors such as Charles-Augustin d'Aviler , Domenico de Rossis , Philips Vingboons , Sebastiano Serlio and Andrea Palladio .
A daughter of Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius, Maria Theresia (1713–1803), married Johann Christoph Sprickmann, the father of the Münster poet and lawyer Anton Matthias Sprickmann, in Clemenswerth in 1744 . A second daughter, Maria Hermine (1706–1785), married the chief war commissioner and public servant Johann Bernhard Lipper (1700–1788) and together with him founded another Westphalian master builder family , the court architects Wilhelm Ferdinand and Clemens Lipper .
- Jörg Niemer: Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius . Dissertation, Münster 2002 ( PDF ; 650 kB).
- Gerd Dethlefs (ed.): Nordkirchen Castle . Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-422-02304-8 , p. 35.
- Pictorius' biography on the Internet portal "Westphalian History" , accessed on February 13, 2015.
- Gerd Dethlefs (Ed.): Nordkirchen Castle . Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-422-02304-8 , p. 36.
- J. Niemer: Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius , 2002, p. 182.
- J. Niemer: Gottfried Laurenz Pictorius , 2002, p. 183.
|SURNAME||Pictorius, Gottfried Laurenz|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Baroque architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1663|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 17, 1729|
|Place of death||Muenster|