# Order of magnitude (mass)

This is a compilation of masses of various orders of magnitude for comparison purposes. The information is often to be understood as “typical values”; the converted values are rounded.

The basic unit of mass in the international system of units is 1 kilogram ( unit symbol kg), the formula symbol *m* .

##
Masses less than 1 µg (<10 ^{−9} kg = 1 microgram)

- 1.78 x 10
^{-36}kg - Mass of increase of a body whose internal energy of 1 eV increases - <4 · 10
^{−36}kg - mass of an electron neutrino - 9.11 · 10
^{−31}kg - mass of an electron - 2.67–5.88 · 10
^{−30}kg - mass of a down quark - 6.24-10.7 · 10
^{-30}kg - mass of an up quark - 1.88 · 10
^{−28}kg - mass of a muon - 1.67 · 10
^{−27}kg - mass of a proton - 3.17 · 10
^{−27}kg - mass of a τ lepton - 2.25 · 10
^{−25}kg - mass of a Higgs boson - 3.01-3.08 · 10
^{−25}kg - mass of a top quark - 3.27 · 10
^{−25}kg - mass of a gold atom - 6.97 x 10
^{-23}kg - Mass of the protein - the molecule actin - approx. 5 · 10
^{−21}kg - mass of the protein molecule titin - approx. 6 · 10
^{−19}kg - mass of an influenza virus - approx.
^{10-15}kg - mass of a bacterium - <10
^{−14}kg - mass of a fine dust particle - approx. 2 · 10
^{−12}kg - lethal dose of the most toxic substance known - botulinum toxin ( LD50 = 3 ng / 100 kg iv) - approx.
^{10-11}kg - birch - pollen grain

##
1 µg to 1 mg (10 ^{−9} kg to 10 ^{−6} kg)

- 4 µg - human egg cell
- approx. 21 µg - Planck mass
- 50–200 µg - daily requirement of an adult for the trace element selenium
- approx. 200 µg - grain of sand (0.5 mm diameter)
- 100–1000 µg - nicotine dose in a cigarette

##
1 mg to 1 g (10 ^{−6} kg to 10 ^{−3} kg)

- 4–10 mg tar dose in a “light” cigarette
- approx. 10 mg - mass of a wood ant
- 10–16 mg - tar dose in a normal cigarette
- 30 mg - peppercorn
- 35–70 mg - lethal dose of nicotine for a body mass of 70 kg
- 64.79891 mg = 1 grain = 1/7000 pound
- approx. 80 mg - mass of a housefly
- 200 mg = 1 metric carat

##
1 g to 1 kg (10 ^{−3} kg to 10 ^{0} kg)

- 2 g - mass of the pig-nosed bat (smallest mammal)
- 2 g - mass of the bee elf (smallest bird)
- 3 g - mass of a standard sugar cube
- 15–16 g - typical mass of a CD (12 cm diameter) without a case
- 28.349523125 g = 1 ounce
- 31.1034768 g = 1 troy ounce
- 62 g - mass of a Galápagos giant tortoise when hatching
- 50–80 g - one chicken egg
- 100 g - a (typical) bar of chocolate
- 110 g - mass of the Goliath beetle (heaviest insect)
- 453.59237 g = 1 pound sterling
- 500 g = 1 metric inch pound

##
1 kg to 1000 kg (1 t) (10 ^{0} kg to 10 ^{3} kg)

- approx. 1300 g - the average mass of an adult human brain
- approx. 3250 g - average mass of a newborn baby
- 4000 g - bullet, shot put women
- 6350.29318 g = 1 stone = 14 pounds
- 7257 g - bullet, male shot put (16 pounds)
- 19.958 kg - 44 pound curling stone
- approx. 29 kg - mass of a standard pavement slab (50 cm x 50 cm x 5 cm) made of concrete
- approx. 50 kg - large bag of cement
- 50 kg = 1 quintals
- 100 kg = 1 Dawulla , Ethiopia
- approx. 250 kg - adult lion
- approx. 700 kg - typical dairy cow
- 907.18474 kg = 1 American ton = 2000 pounds

##
1 t to 1000 t (10 ^{3} kg to 10 ^{6} kg)

- 1000 kg = 1 metric ton
- 1016.0469088 kg = 1 British ton = 160 stones = 2240 pounds
- 1095 kg - empty weight of a Mercedes A140
- 3–7 t - fully grown elephant
- 11 t - Hubble Space Telescope
- 12 t - largest known elephant
- 14 t - the Big Ben bell
- 40 t - typical fully loaded truck trailer
- 62 t - German main battle tank Leopard 2 A6M (combat weight)
- 78.7 t - the empty weight of the Concorde
- 79.5 t - diesel locomotive of the Deutsche Bahn DB class 218
- approx. 100 t - average blue whale
- 181 t - empty weight of the jumbo jet ( Boeing 747-400 )
- 185 t - maximum take-off weight of the Concorde
- 240 t - Zeppelin - airships
*LZ129 "Hindenburg"*and*LZ130 "Graf Zeppelin II"* - 397 t - maximum take-off mass of the jumbo jet ( Boeing 747-400 )
- 600 t - mass of the currently largest known living being - a mushroom of the genus Hallimasche
- 777 t - maximum launch mass of the European Ariane 5E rocket

##
1,000 t to 1,000,000 t (10 ^{6} kg to 10 ^{9} kg)

- 2,900 t - launch mass of the Saturn V , the launch rocket of the Apollo moon missions (2550 t of which is fuel)
- 5,600 t - a modern ship of the German Navy "Frigatte Sachsen (F 219) "
- 7,300 t - weight of the steel structure of the Eiffel Tower
- approx.10,100 t - total mass of the Eiffel Tower
- 53,147 t - displacement of the RMS Titanic , the largest ship in 1912
- 89,600 t - displacement of the aircraft carrier Enterprise
- 100,000 t - mass of the Golden Gate Bridge
- 564,736 t - the largest ship in the world, the years Viking oil tanker (fully loaded)
- approx. 1,000,000 t - mass that the sun loses per second due to the solar wind

## 10 ^{9} kg to 10 ^{15} kg

- 4,260,000 t (4.26 · 10
^{9}kg) - mass that the sun loses every second through nuclear fusion - 400,000,000 t (4 · 10
^{11}kg) - worldwide paper production per year - 2,800,000,000 t (2.8 · 10
^{12}kg) - worldwide amount of mined iron ore in 2011 - 3,000,000,000,000 t (3 · 10
^{15}kg) - mass of CO_{2}in the earth's atmosphere

## 10 ^{15} kg to 10 ^{24} kg

- 5.15 · 10
^{18}kg - mass of the earth's atmosphere - 1.38 · 10
^{21}kg - mass of water in all oceans - 7.348 · 10
^{22}kg = 1 moon mass - 6.419 · 10
^{23}kg = 1 Martian mass

##
Larger mass than 10 ^{24} kg

- 5.9736 · 10
^{24}kg = 1 earth mass - 1.8986 · 10
^{27}kg = 1 mass of Jupiter - 1.9891 · 10
^{30}kg = 1 solar mass - 3.6 · 10
^{41}kg - mass of the Milky Way - 9 · 10
^{43}kg - mass of the Virgo galaxy cluster - 2 · 10
^{46}kg - mass of the large attractor - approx. 10
^{53}kg - mass of the observable universe